Statistical information Argentina 1992Argentina

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Argentina in the World
Argentina in the World

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Argentina - Introduction 1992
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Background: A part of the Spanish empire until independence in 1816, Argentina subsequently experienced periods of internal political conflict between conservatives and liberals and between civilian and military factions. Meantime, thanks to rich natural resources and foreign investment, a modern agriculture and a diversified industry were gradually developed. After World War II, a long period of Peronist dictatorship was followed by rule by a military junta. Democratic elections finally came in 1983, but both the political and economic atmosphere remain susceptible to turmoil.


Argentina - Geography 1992
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Location

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 2,766,890 km²
Land: 2,736,690 km²
Comparative: slightly more than four times the size of Texas

Land boundaries: 9,665 km total; Bolivia 832 km, Brazil 1,224 km, Chile 5,150 km, Paraguay 1,880 km, Uruguay 579 km

Coastline: 4,989 km

Maritime claims
Continental shelf: 200 m (depth) or to depth of exploitation
Exclusive economic zone: nm limits unknown
Territorial sea: 12 nm (overflight and navigation permitted beyond 12 nm)
Disputes:
short section of the boundary with Uruguay is in dispute; short section of the boundary with Chile is indefinite; claims
British-administered Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas); claims British- administered South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands; territorial claim in Antarctica


Climate: mostly temperate; arid in southeast; subantarctic in southwest

Terrain: rich plains of the Pampas in northern half, flat to rolling plateau of Patagonia in south, rugged Andes along western border

Elevation

Natural resources: fertile plains of the pampas, lead, zinc, tin, copper, iron ore, manganese, crude oil, uranium
Land use

Land use: arable land: 9%; permanent crops: 4%; meadows and pastures 52%; forest and woodland 22%; other 13%; includes irrigated 1%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Argentina - People 1992
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Population: 32,901,234 (July 1992), growth rate 1.1% (1992)

Nationality: noun - Argentine(s; adjective - Argentine

Ethnic groups: white 85%; mestizo, Indian, or other nonwhite groups 15%

Languages: Spanish (official), English, Italian, German, French

Religions:
nominally Roman Catholic 90% (less than 20% practicing),
Protestant 2%, Jewish 2%, other 6%


Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 20 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 9 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: NEGL migrants/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues:
Tucuman and Mendoza areas in Andes subject to earthquakes; pamperos are violent windstorms that can strike Pampas and northeast; irrigated soil degradation; desertification; air and water pollution in
Buenos Aires

Current issues note:
second-largest country in South America (after Brazil); strategic location relative to sea lanes between South Atlantic and South Pacific
Oceans (Strait of Magellan, Beagle Channel, Drake Passage)


Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 34 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 67 years male, 74 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 2.8 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 95% (male 96%, female 95%) age 15 and over can read and write (1990 est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Argentina - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: Argentine Republic

Government type: republic

Capital: Buenos Aires

Administrative divisions:
23 provinces (provincias, singular - provincia), and 1 district** (distrito); Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chaco,
Chubut, Cordoba, Corrientes, Distrito Federal**, Entre Rios, Formosa, Jujuy,
La Pampa, La Rioja, Mendoza, Misiones, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Salta, San Juan,
San Luis, Santa Cruz, Santa Fe, Santiago del Estero, Tierra del Fuego,
Tucuman; note - the national territory is in the process of becoming a province; the US does not recognize claims to Antarctica


Dependent areas

Independence: 9 July 1816 (from Spain)

National holiday: Revolution Day, 25 May (1810)

Constitution: 1 May 1853

Legal system: mixture of US and West European legal systems; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: universal at age 18
Chamber of Deputies: last held in three phases during late 1991 for half of 254 seats, total current breakdown of seats - JP 122, UCR 85, UCD 10, other 37
President: last held 14 May 1989 (next to be held NA May 1995); results - Carlos Saul MENEM was elected
Senate:
last held May 1989, but provincial elections in late 1991 set the stage for indirect elections by provincial senators for one-third of 46 seats in the national senate in May 1992; total current breakdown of seats -
JP 27, UCR 14, others 5

Communists: some 70,000 members in various party organizations, including a small nucleus of activists

Executive branch: president, vice president, Cabinet

Legislative branch:
bicameral National Congress (Congreso Nacional) consists of an upper chamber or Senate (Senado) and a lower chamber or
Chamber of Deputies (Camara de Diputados)


Judicial branch: Supreme Court (Corte Suprema)

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:
AfDB, AG (observer), CCC, ECLAC, FAO, G-6, G-11, G-15, G-19,
G-24, G-77, GATT, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, IDA, IFAD, IFC, ILO,
IMF, IMO, INMARSAT, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, LAES, LAIA,
LORCS, MERCOSUR, OAS, PCA, RG, UN, UNAVEM, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO,
UNIIMOG, UNTSO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Diplomatic representation:
Ambassador Carlos ORTIZ DE ROZAS; Chancery at 1600 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20,009; telephone (202) 939-6,400 through 6,403; there are Argentine Consulates General in Houston, Miami, New
Orleans, New York, San Francisco, and San Juan (Puerto Rico), and Consulates in Baltimore, Chicago, and Los Angeles

US:
Ambassador Terence A. TODMAN; Embassy at 4,300 Colombia, 1425 Buenos
Aires (mailing address is APO AA 34,034); telephone 54 (1) 774- 7,611 or 8,811, 9,911; Telex 18,156 AMEMBAR


Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Argentina: three equal horizontal bands of light blue (top), white, and light blue; centered in the white band is a radiant yellow sun with a human face known as the Sun of May

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Argentina - Economy 1992
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Economy overview:
Argentina is rich in natural resources and has a highly literate population, an export-oriented agricultural sector, and a diversified industrial base. Nevertheless, following decades of mismanagement and statist policies, the economy has encountered major problems in recent years, leading to escalating inflation and a recession during 1988-90. Since 1978, Argentina's external debt has nearly doubled to 58 billion, creating severe debt servicing difficulties and hurting the country's creditworthiness with international lenders. Elected in 1989,
President Menem has implemented a comprehensive economic restructuring program that shows signs of reversing Argentina's economic decline and putting it on a path of stable, sustainable growth.

GDP: exchange rate conversion - $101.2 billion, per capita $3,100; real growth rate 5.5% (1991 est.)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 15% of GNP (including fishing; produces abundant food for both domestic consumption and exports; among world's top five exporters of grain and beef; principal crops - wheat, corn, sorghum, soybeans, sugar beets

Industries: food processing, motor vehicles, consumer durables, textiles, chemicals and petrochemicals, printing, metallurgy, steel

Industrial production growth rate:
growth rate 20% (1991 est.); accounts for 30% of
GDP


Labor force: 10,900,000; agriculture 12%, industry 31%, services 57% (1985 est.)
Organized labor: 3,000,000; 28% of labor force
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 6.4% (October 1991)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $13.6 billion; expenditures $16.6 billion, including capital expenditures of $2.5 billion (1991)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $12 billion (f.o.b., 1991)
Commodoties: meat, wheat, corn, oilseed, hides, wool
Partners: US 12%, USSR, Italy, Brazil, Japan, Netherlands

Imports: $8 billion (c.i.f., 1991)
Commodoties: machinery and equipment, chemicals, metals, fuels and lubricants, agricultural products
Partners: US 22%, Brazil, FRG, Bolivia, Japan, Italy, Netherlands

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: pesos per US$1 - 0.99076 (Feburary 1992), 0.95355 (1991), 0.48759 (1990), 0.04233 (1989), 0.00088 (1988), 0.00021 (1987)


Argentina - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 17,059,000 kW capacity; 47,357 million kWh produced, 1,450 kWh per capita (1991)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Argentina - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Argentina - Military 1992
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp:
exchange rate conversion - $700 million, 1.5% of
GDP (1991)


Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Argentina - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports:
1,702 total, 1,473 usable; 137 with permanent-surface runways; 1
with runways over 3,659 m; 31
with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 326
with runways 1,220-2,439 m


Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines: crude oil 4,090 km; petroleum products 2,900 km; natural gas 9,918 km

Railways

Roadways

Waterways: 11,000 km navigable

Merchant marine:
98 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 1,235,385
GRT/1,952,307 DWT; includes 35 cargo, 6 refrigerated cargo, 6 container, 1 railcar carrier, 33 oil tanker, 4 chemical tanker, 3 liquefied gas, 10 bulk; in addition, 2 naval tankers and 1 military transport are sometimes used commercially

Civil air: 56 major transport aircraft

Ports and terminals


Argentina - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: increasing use as a transshipment country for cocaine headed for the US and Europe


Qatar Airways


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