Statistical information Aruba 1992Aruba

Map of Aruba | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Aruba in the World
Aruba in the World


Aruba - Introduction 1992
top of page

Background: Formerly one of the Netherlands Antilles Aruba became an autonomous part of the Netherlands in 1986.

Aruba - Geography 1992
top of page


Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Total: 193 km²
Land: 193 km²
Comparative: slightly larger than Washington, DC

Land boundaries: none

Coastline: 68.5 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive fishing zone: 12 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm
Disputes: none

Climate: tropical marine; little seasonal temperature variation

Terrain: flat with a few hills; scant vegetation


Natural resources: negligible; white sandy beaches
Land use

Land use: arable land: 0%; permanent crops: 0%; meadows and pastures 0%; forest and woodland 0%; other 100%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


Aruba - People 1992
top of page

Population: 64,692 (July 1992), growth rate 0.7% (1992)

Nationality: noun - Aruban(s; adjective - Aruban

Ethnic groups: mixed European/Caribbean Indian 80%

Dutch (official), Papiamento (a Spanish, Portuguese, Dutch,
English dialect), English (widely spoken), Spanish

Roman Catholic 82%, Protestant 8%, also small Hindu, Muslim,
Confucian, and Jewish minority

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 16 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 6 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: 3 migrants/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: lies outside the Caribbean hurricane belt
Current issues note: 28 km north of Venezuela

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 9 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 73 years male, 80 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 1.8 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: NA% (male NA%, female NA%)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Aruba - Government 1992
top of page

Country name
Conventional long form: none

Government type: part of the Dutch realm - full autonomy in internal affairs obtained in 1986 upon separation from the Netherlands Antilles

Capital: Oranjestad

Administrative divisions: none (self-governing part of the Netherlands)

Dependent areas

Independence: none (part of the Dutch realm; note - in 1990, Aruba requested and received from the Netherlands cancellation of the agreement to automatically give independence to the island in 1996

National holiday: Flag Day, 18 March

Constitution: 1 January 1986

Legal system: based on Dutch civil law system, with some English common law influence

International law organization participation


Suffrage: universal at age 18
Legislature: last held 6 January 1989 (next to be held by NA January 1993); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (21 total) MEP 10, AVP 8, ADN 1, PPN 1, PPA 1

Executive branch:
Dutch monarch, governor, prime minister, Council of
Ministers (cabinet)

Legislative branch: unicameral legislature (Staten)

Judicial branch: Joint High Court of Justice

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:
ECLAC (associate), INTERPOL, IOC, UNESCO (associate), WCL,
WTO (associate)

Diplomatic representation: none (self-governing part of the Netherlands)

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Aruba: blue with two narrow horizontal yellow stripes across the lower portion and a red, four-pointed star outlined in white in the upper hoist-side corner

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Aruba - Economy 1992
top of page

Economy overview:
Tourism is the mainstay of the economy, although offshore banking and oil refining and storage are also important. Hotel capacity expanded rapidly between 1985 and 1989 and nearly doubled in 1990 alone.
Unemployment has steadily declined from about 20% in 1986 to about 3% in 1991. The reopening of the local oil refinery, once a major source of employment and foreign exchange earnings, promises to give the economy an additional boost.

GDP: exchange rate conversion - $854 million, per capita $13,600; real growth rate l0% (1990 est.)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: poor quality soils and low rainfall limit agricultural activity to the cultivation of aloes, some livestock, and fishing

Industries: tourism, transshipment facilities, oil refining

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate NA

Labor force: NA, but most employment is in the tourist industry (1986)
Organized labor: Aruban Workers' Federation (FTA)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 3% (1991 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $145 million; expenditures $185 million, including capital expenditures of $42 million (1988)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $134.4 million (f.o.b., 1990)
Commodoties: mostly petroleum products
Partners: US 64%, EC

Imports: $488 million (f.o.b., 1990)
Commodoties: food, consumer goods, manufactures
Partners: US 8%, EC

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Aruban florins (Af.) per US$1 - 1.7900 (fixed rate since 1986)

Aruba - Energy 1992
top of page

Electricity access

Electricity production: 310,000 kW capacity; 945 million kWh produced, 15,000 kWh per capita (1990)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Aruba - Communication 1992
top of page

Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Aruba - Military 1992
top of page

Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Aruba - Transportation 1992
top of page

National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: government-owned airport east of Oranjestad accepts transatlantic flights

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Aruba - Transnational issues 1992
top of page

Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


You found a piece of the puzzle

Please click here to complete it