Statistical information Austria 1992Austria

Map of Austria | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Austria in the World
Austria in the World

PersonaLabs


Austria - Introduction 1992
top of page


Background: Once the center of power for the large Austro-Hungarian empire, Austria was reduced to a small republic after its defeat in World War I. After the annexation to Nazi Germany in 1938 and subsequent occupation by the victorious Allied powers, Austria's 1955 State Treaty declared the country "permanently neutral" as a condition of the Soviet military withdrawal. The Soviet collapse relieved the external pressure to remain unaligned, but neutrality had evolved into a part of Austrian cultural identity, which has led to an ongoing public debate over whether Vienna legitimately can remain outside of European security structures.


Austria - Geography 1992
top of page


Location

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 83,850 km²
Land: 82,730 km²
Comparative: slightly smaller than Maine

Land boundaries:
2,591 km total; Czechoslovakia 548 km, Germany 784 km,
Hungary 366 km, Italy 430 km, Liechtenstein 37 km, Slovenia 262 km,
Switzerland 164 km


Coastline: none - landlocked

Maritime claims: none - landlocked
Disputes: none

Climate: temperate; continental, cloudy; cold winters with frequent rain in lowlands and snow in mountains; cool summers with occasional showers

Terrain: mostly mountains with Alps in west and south; mostly flat, with gentle slopes along eastern and northern margins

Elevation

Natural resources: iron ore, crude oil, timber, magnesite, aluminum, lead, coal, lignite, copper, hydropower
Land use

Land use: arable land: 17%; permanent crops: 1%; meadows and pastures 24%; forest and woodland 39%; other 19%; includes irrigated NEGL%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Austria - People 1992
top of page


Population: 7,867,541 (July 1992), growth rate 0.7% (1992)

Nationality: noun - Austrian(s; adjective - Austrian

Ethnic groups: German 99.4%, Croatian 0.3%, Slovene 0.2%, other 0.1%

Languages: German

Religions: Roman Catholic 85%, Protestant 6%, other 9%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 12 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 11 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: 5 migrants/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: because of steep slopes, poor soils, and cold temperatures, population is concentrated on eastern lowlands
Current issues note:
landlocked; strategic location at the crossroads of central Europe with many easily traversable Alpine passes and valleys; major river is the
Danube


Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 8 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 73 years male, 80 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 1.5 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 99% (male NA%, female NA%) age 15 and over can read and write (1974 est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Austria - Government 1992
top of page


Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Austria

Government type: federal republic

Capital: Vienna

Administrative divisions:
9 states (bundeslander, singular - bundesland); Burgenland, Karnten, Niederosterreich, Oberosterreich,
Salzburg, Steiermark, Tirol, Vorarlberg, Wien


Dependent areas

Independence: 12 November 1918 (from Austro-Hungarian Empire)

National holiday: National Day, 26 October (1955)

Constitution: 1920; revised 1929 (reinstated 1945)

Legal system: civil law system with Roman law origin; judicial review of legislative acts by a Constitutional Court; separate administrative and civil/penal supreme courts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: universal at age 19; compulsory for presidential elections
National Council: last held 7 October 1990 (next to be held October 1994); results - SPO 43%, OVP 32.1%, FPO 16.6%, GAL 4.5%, KPO 0.7%, other 0.32%; seats - (183 total) SPO 80, OVP 60, FPO 33, GAL 10
President:
last held 24 May 1992 (next to be held 1996); results of
Second Ballot - Thomas KLESTIL 57%, Rudolf STREICHER 43%

Communists: membership 15,000 est.), activists 7,000-8,000

Executive branch:
president, chancellor, vice chancellor, Council of
Ministers (cabinet)


Legislative branch: bicameral Federal Assembly (Bundesversammlung) consists of an upper council or Federal Council (Bundesrat) and a lower council or National Council (Nationalrat)

Judicial branch: Supreme Judicial Court (Oberster Gerichtshof) for civil and criminal cases, Administrative Court (Verwaltungsgerichtshof) for bureaucratic cases, Constitutional Court (Verfassungsgerichtshof) for constitutional cases

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:
AfDB, AG (observer), AsDB, Australia Group, BIS, CCC, CE,
CERN, COCOM, CSCE, EBRD, ECE, EFTA, ESA, FAO, G-9, GATT, HG, IADB, IAEA,
IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT,
INTERPOL, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, LORCS, MTRC, NAM (guest), NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNDOF, UNFICYP, UNHCR, UNIDO,
UNIIMOG, UNTSO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC

Diplomatic representation:
Ambassador Friedrich HOESS; Embassy at 3,524
International Court NW, Washington, DC 20,008; telephone (202) 895-6,700; there are Austrian Consulates General in Chicago, Los Angeles, and New York

US:
Ambassador Roy Michael HUFFINGTON; Embassy at Boltzmanngasse 16,
A-1091, Vienna (mailing address is APO AE 9,108-0001); telephone 43 (1) 31-55-11; FAX 43 (1) 310-0682; there is a US Consulate General in Salzburg


Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Austria: three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and red

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Austria - Economy 1992
top of page


Economy overview:
Austria boasts a prosperous and stable capitalist economy with a sizable proportion of nationalized industry and extensive welfare benefits. Thanks to an excellent raw material endowment, a technically skilled labor force, and strong links to German industrial firms, Austria occupies specialized niches in European industry and services (tourism, banking) and produces almost enough food to feed itself with only 8% of the labor force in agriculture. Improved export prospects resulting from German unification and the opening of Eastern Europe, boosted the economy during 1990 and to a lesser extent in 1991. GDP growth slowed from 4.9% in 1990 to 3% in 1991 - mainly due to the weaker world economy - and is expected to drop to around 2% in 1992. Inflation is forecasted at about 4%, while unemployment probably will increase moderately through 1992 before declining in 1993. Living standards are comparable with the large industrial countries of Western Europe. Problems for the l990s include an aging population, the high level of subsidies, and the struggle to keep welfare benefits within budget capabilities. Austria, which has applied for EC membership, was involved in EC and European Free Trade Association negotiations for a
European Economic Area and will have to adapt its economy to achieve freer interchange of goods, services, capital, and labor within the EC.

GDP: purchasing power equivalent - $164.1 billion, per capita $20,985; real growth rate 3% (1991)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 3.2% of GDP (including forestry; principal crops and animals - grains, fruit, potatoes, sugar beets, sawn wood, cattle, pigs, poultry; 80-90% self-sufficient in food

Industries: foods, iron and steel, machines, textiles, chemicals, electrical, paper and pulp, tourism, mining

Industrial production growth rate: 2.0% (1991)

Labor force: 3,470,000 (1989); services 56.4%, industry and crafts 35.4%, agriculture and forestry 8.1%; an estimated 200,000 Austrians are employed in other European countries; foreign laborers in Austria number 177,840, about 6% of labor force (1988)
Organized labor:
60.1% of work force; the Austrian Trade Union
Federation has 1,644,408 members (1989)

Labor force

Unemployment rate: 5.8% (1991)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $47.7 billion; expenditures $53.0 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (1990)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $40 billion (1991)
Commodoties: machinery and equipment, iron and steel, lumber, textiles, paper products, chemicals
Partners: EC 65.8%, (Germany 39%), EFTA 9.1%, Eastern Europe/former USSR 9.0%, Japan 1.7%, US 2.8%

Imports: $50.2 billion (1991)
Commodoties: petroleum, foodstuffs, machinery and equipment, vehicles, chemicals, textiles and clothing, pharmaceuticals
Partners:
EC 67.8% (Germany is 43.0%), EFTA 6.9%, Eastern Europe/former
USSR 6.0%, Japan 4.8%, US 3.9%


Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Austrian schillings (S) per US$1 - 11.068 (January 1992), 11.676 (1991), 11.370 (1990), 13.231 (1989), 12.348 (1988), 12.643 (1987)


Austria - Energy 1992
top of page


Electricity access

Electricity production: 17,600,000 kW capacity; 49,500 million kWh produced, 6,500 kWh per capita (1991)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Austria - Communication 1992
top of page


Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Austria - Military 1992
top of page


Military expenditures
Percent of gdp: exchange rate conversion - $1.8 billion, 1% of GDP (1991)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Austria - Transportation 1992
top of page


National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports:
55 total, 55 usable; 20 with permanent-surface runways; none
with runways over 3,659 m; 6
with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 4
with runways 1,220-2,439 m


Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines: crude oil 554 km; natural gas 2,611 km; petroleum products 171 km

Railways

Roadways

Waterways: 446 km

Merchant marine:
31 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 130,966
GRT/219,130 DWT; includes 26 cargo, 1 container, 4 bulk

Civil air: 25 major transport aircraft

Ports and terminals


Austria - Transnational issues 1992
top of page


Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


Travelex


You found a piece of the puzzle

Please click here to complete it