Statistical information Bahrain 1992Bahrain

Map of Bahrain | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Bahrain in the World
Bahrain in the World

Travelex


Bahrain - Introduction 1992
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Background: Bahrain's small size and central location among Persian Gulf countries require it to play a delicate balancing act in foreign affairs among its larger neighbors. Possessing minimal oil reserves Bahrain has turned to petroleum processing and refining and has transformed itself into an international banking center. The new amir is pushing economic and political reforms and has worked to improve relations with the Shi'a community.


Bahrain - Geography 1992
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Location

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 620 km²
Land: 620 km²
Comparative: slightly less than 3.5 times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries: none

Coastline: 161 km

Maritime claims
Continental shelf: not specific
Territorial sea: 3 nm
Disputes: territorial dispute with Qatar over the Hawar Islands; maritime boundary with Qatar

Climate: arid; mild, pleasant winters; very hot, humid summers

Terrain: mostly low desert plain rising gently to low central escarpment

Elevation

Natural resources: oil, associated and nonassociated natural gas, fish
Land use

Land use: arable land: 2%; permanent crops: 2%; meadows and pastures 6%; forest and woodland 0%; other 90%, includes irrigated NEGL%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Bahrain - People 1992
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Population: 551,513 (July 1992), growth rate 3.1% (1992)

Nationality: noun - Bahraini(s; adjective - Bahraini

Ethnic groups: Bahraini 63%, Asian 13%, other Arab 10%, Iranian 8%, other 6%

Languages: Arabic (official; English also widely spoken; Farsi, Urdu

Religions: Muslim (Shi`a 70%, Sunni 30%)

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 27 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 4 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: 7 migrants/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: subsurface water sources being rapidly depleted (requires development of desalination facilities); dust storms; desertification
Current issues note: close to primary Middle Eastern crude oil sources; strategic location in Persian Gulf through which much of Western world's crude oil must transit to reach open ocean

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 21 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 70 years male, 75 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 4.0 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 77% (male 82%, female 69%) age 15 and over can read and write (1990 est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Bahrain - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: State of Bahrain

Government type: traditional monarchy

Capital: Manama

Administrative divisions:
12 districts (manatiq, singular - mintaqah);
Al Hadd, Al Manamah, Al Mintaqah al Gharbiyah, Al Mintaqah al Wusta, Al
Mintaqah ash Shamaliyah, Al Muharraq, Ar Rifa`wa al Mintaqah al Janubiyah,
Jidd Hafs, Madinat Hamad, Madinat `Isa, Mintaqat Juzur Hawar, Sitrah


Dependent areas

Independence: 15 August 1971 (from UK)

National holiday: Independence Day, 16 December

Constitution: 26 May 1973, effective 6 December 1973

Legal system: based on Islamic law and English common law

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: none

Executive branch:
amir, crown prince and heir apparent, prime minister,
Cabinet


Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly was dissolved 26 August 1975 and legislative powers were assumed by the Cabinet

Judicial branch: High Civil Appeals Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:
ABEDA, AFESD, AL, AMF, ESCWA, FAO, G-77, GCC, IBRD, ICAO,
IDB, ILO, IMF, IMO, INMARSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU,
LORCS, NAM, OAPEC, OIC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WMO

Diplomatic representation:
Ambassador `Abd al-Rahman Faris Al KHALIFA;
Chancery at 3,502 International Drive NW, Washington, DC 20,008; telephone (202) 342-0741 or 342-0742; there is a Bahraini Consulate General in New
York

US:
Ambassador Dr. Charles W. HOSTLER; Embassy at Road No. 3,119 (next to
Alahli Sports Club), Zinj; (mailing address is P. O. 26,431, Manama, or FPO
AE 9,834-6,210); telephone 973 273-300; FAX (973) 272-594


Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Bahrain: red with a white serrated band (eight white points) on the hoist side

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Bahrain - Economy 1992
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Economy overview:
Petroleum production and processing account for about 80% of export receipts, 60% of government revenues, and 31% of GDP. Economic conditions have fluctuated with the changing fortunes of oil since 1985, for example, the Gulf crisis of 1990-91. The liberation of Kuwait in early 1991 has improved short- to medium-term prospects and has raised investors' confidence. Bahrain with its highly developed communication and transport facilities is home to numerous multinational firms with business in the
Gulf. A large share of exports is petroleum products made from imported crude.

GDP: exchange rate conversion - $4.0 billion, per capita $7,500 (1990); real growth rate 6.7% (1988)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: including fishing, accounts for less than 2% of GDP; not self-sufficient in food production; heavily subsidized sector produces fruit, vegetables, poultry, dairy products, shrimp, and fish; fish catch 9,000 metric tons in 1987

Industries: petroleum processing and refining, aluminum smelting, offshore banking, ship repairing

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate 3.8% (1988; accounts for 44% of GDP

Labor force: 140,000; 42% of labor force is Bahraini; industry and commerce 85%, agriculture 5%, services 5%, government 3% (1982)
Organized labor: General Committee for Bahrain Workers exists in only eight major designated companies
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 8-10% (1989)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $1.2 billion; expenditures $1.32 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (1989)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $3.7 billion (f.o.b., 1990 est.)
Commodoties: petroleum and petroleum products 80%, aluminum 7%, other 13%
Partners: UAE 18%, Japan 12%, India 11%, US 6%

Imports: $3.7 billion (f.o.b., 1989)
Commodoties: nonoil 59%, crude oil 41%
Partners: Saudi Arabia 41%, US 23%, Japan 8%, UK 8%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Bahraini dinars (BD) per US$1 - 0.3760 (fixed rate)


Bahrain - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 3,600,000 kW capacity; 10,500 million kWh produced, 21,000 kWh per capita (1991)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Bahrain - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Bahrain - Military 1992
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp: exchange rate conversion - $194 million, 6% of GDP (1990)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Bahrain - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports:
3 total, 3 usable; 2 with permanent-surface runways; 2 with runways over 3,659 m; 1
with runways 1,220-2,439 m


Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines: crude oil 56 km; petroleum products 16 km; natural gas 32 km

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine:
9 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 186,367
GRT/249,441 DWT; includes 5 cargo, 2 container, 1 liquefied gas, 1 bulk

Civil air: 27 major transport aircraft

Ports and terminals


Bahrain - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


Qatar Airways


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