Statistical information Barbados 1992Barbados

Map of Barbados | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Barbados in the World
Barbados in the World

Iberia


Barbados - Introduction 1992
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Background: The island was uninhabited when first settled by the British in 1627. Its economy remained heavily dependent on sugar rum and molasses production through most of the 20th century. Tourism and manufacturing are gaining in economic importance.


Barbados - Geography 1992
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Location

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 430 km²
Land: 430 km²
Comparative: slightly less than 2.5 times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries: none

Coastline: 97 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm
Disputes: none

Climate: tropical; rainy season (June to October)

Terrain: relatively flat; rises gently to central highland region

Elevation

Natural resources: crude oil, fishing, natural gas
Land use

Land use: arable land: 77%; permanent crops: 0%; meadows and pastures 9%; forest and woodland 0%; other 14%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Barbados - People 1992
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Population: 254,934 (July 1992), growth rate 0.1% (1992)

Nationality: noun - Barbadian(s; adjective - Barbadian

Ethnic groups: African 80%, mixed 16%, European 4%

Languages: English

Religions: Protestant 67% (Anglican 40%, Pentecostal 8%, Methodist 7%, other 12%), Roman Catholic 4%; none 17%, unknown 3%, other 9% (1980)

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 16 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 9 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: 6 migrants/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: subject to hurricanes (especially June to October)
Current issues note: easternmost Caribbean island

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 22 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 70 years male, 76 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 1.8 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 99% (male 99%, female 99%) age 15 and over having ever attended school (1970)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Barbados - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: none

Government type: parliamentary democracy

Capital: Bridgetown

Administrative divisions:
11 parishes; Christ Church, Saint Andrew,
Saint George, Saint James, Saint John, Saint Joseph, Saint Lucy, Saint
Michael, Saint Peter, Saint Philip, Saint Thomas; note - there may be a new city of Bridgetown


Dependent areas

Independence: 30 November 1966 (from UK)

National holiday: Independence Day, 30 November (1966)

Constitution: 30 November 1966

Legal system: English common law; no judicial review of legislative acts

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: universal at age 18
House of Assembly: last held 22 January 1991 (next to be held by January 1996); results - DLP 49.8%; seats - (28 total) DLP 18, BLP 10

Executive branch: British monarch, governor general, prime minister, deputy prime minister, Cabinet

Legislative branch:
bicameral Parliament consists of an upper house or
Senate and a lower house or House of Assembly


Judicial branch: Supreme Court of Judicature

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:
ACP, C, CARICOM, CDB, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, GATT, IADB, IBRD,
ICAO, ICFTU, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, LAES, LORCS, NAM, OAS, OPANAL, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO,
UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO

Diplomatic representation:
Ambassador Dr. Rudi WEBSTER; Chancery at 2,144
Wyoming Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20,008; telephone (202) 939-9,200 through 9,202; there is a Barbadian Consulate General in New York and a Consulate in
Los Angeles

US:
Ambassador G. Philip HUGHES; Embassy at Canadian Imperial Bank of
Commerce Building, Broad Street, Bridgetown (mailing address is P. O. Box 302, Box B, FPO AA 34,054); telephone (809) 436-4,950 through 4,957; FAX (809) 429-5,246


Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Barbados: three equal vertical bands of blue (hoist side), yellow, and blue with the head of a black trident centered on the gold band; the trident head represents independence and a break with the past (the colonial coat of arms contained a complete trident)

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Barbados - Economy 1992
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Economy overview:
A per capita income of $6,500 gives Barbados one of the highest standards of living of all the small island states of the eastern
Caribbean. Historically, the economy was based on the cultivation of sugarcane and related activities. In recent years, however, the economy has diversified into manufacturing and tourism. The tourist industry is now a major employer of the labor force and a primary source of foreign exchange.
The economy slowed in 1990-91, however, and Bridgetown's declining hard currency reserves and inability to finance its deficits have caused it to adopt an austere economic reform program.

GDP: purchasing power equivalent - $1.7 billion, per capita $6,500; real growth rate--3.1% (1990)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 10% of GDP; major cash crop is sugarcane; other crops - vegetables and cotton; not self-sufficient in food

Industries: tourism, sugar, light manufacturing, component assembly for export

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate--2.7% (1990; accounts for 14% of GDP

Labor force: 120,900 (1991); services and government 37%; commerce 22%; manufacturing and construction 22%; transportation, storage, communications, and financial institutions 9%; agriculture 8%; utilities 2% (1985 est.)
Organized labor: 32% of labor force
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 18% (1991)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $514 million; expenditures $615 million (FY91-92)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $210.6 million (f.o.b., 1990)
Commodoties: sugar and molasses, chemicals, electrical components, clothing, rum, machinery and transport equipment
Partners: CARICOM 30%, US 20%, UK 20%

Imports: $704 million (c.i.f., 1990)
Commodoties: foodstuffs, consumer durables, raw materials, machinery, crude oil, construction materials, chemicals
Partners: US 35%, CARICOM 13%, UK 12%, Japan 6%, Canada 8%, Venezuela 4%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Barbadian dollars (Bds$) per US$1 - 2.0113 (fixed rate)


Barbados - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 152,100 kW capacity; 539 million kWh produced, 2,117 kWh per capita (1991)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Barbados - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Barbados - Military 1992
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp:
exchange rate conversion - $10 million, 0.7% of
GDP (1989)


Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Barbados - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 1 with permanent-surface runways 2,440-3,659 m

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine:
2 cargo ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 3,200
GRT/7,338 DWT

Civil air: no major transport aircraft

Ports and terminals


Barbados - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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