Statistical information Belarus 1992Belarus

Map of Belarus | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Belarus in the World
Belarus in the World

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Belarus - Introduction 1992
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Background: For centuries Byelorussia has been fought over, devastated, and partitioned among Russia, Poland, Lithuania, and, in World Wars I and II, Germany. After seven decades as a Soviet republic, the newly named Belarus declared its independence in August 1991. Itretains close political and economic ties to Russia.


Belarus - Geography 1992
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Location

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 207,600 km²
Land: 207,600 km²
Comparative: slightly smaller than Kansas

Land boundaries: 3,098 km total; Latvia 141 km, Lithuania 502 km, Poland 605 km, Russia 959 km, Ukraine 891 km

Coastline: none - landlocked

Maritime claims: none - landlocked
Disputes: none

Climate: mild and moist; transitional between continental and maritime

Terrain: generally flat and contains much marshland

Elevation

Natural resources: forest land and peat deposits
Land use

Land use:
arable land: NA%; permanent crops: NA%; meadows and pastures
NA%; forest and woodland NA%; other NA%; includes irrigated NA%


Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Belarus - People 1992
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Population: 10,373,881 (July 1992), growth rate 0.5% (1992)

Nationality: noun - Belarusian(s; adjective - Belarusian

Ethnic groups:
Byelorussian 77.9%, Russian 13.2%, Poles 4.1%,
Ukrainian 2.9%, Jews 1.1%, other 0.8%


Languages: Byelorussian NA%, Russian NA%, other NA%

Religions: Russian Orthodox NA%, unknown NA%, none NA%, other NA%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 15 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 11 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: 1 migrant/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: southern part of Belarus
Current issues note: landlocked

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 20 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 66 years male, 76 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 2.1 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: NA% (male NA%, female NA%) age 15 and over can read and write

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Belarus - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Belarus

Government type: republic

Capital: Mensk

Administrative divisions:
6 oblasts (oblastey, singular - oblast');
Brest, Gomel', Grodno, Minsk, Mogilev, Vitebsk; note - all oblasts have the same name as their administrative center


Dependent areas

Independence: 1 January 1919 Belorussian Republic; 30 December 1922 joined with the USSR; 25 August 1991 redeclared independence

National holiday: 24 August (1991)

Constitution: adopted April 1978

Legal system: based on civil law system

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: universal at age 18
President: NA
Supreme Soviet:
last held 4 March 1990 (next to be held NA); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (360 total) number of seats by party
NA; note - 50 seats are for public bodies

Communists: NA

Executive branch: NA

Legislative branch: unicameral with 360 seats

Judicial branch: NA

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:
CE, CIS, CSCE, ECE, IAEA, ILO, INMARSAT, IOC, ITU, NACC, PCA,
UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO

Diplomatic representation:
Ambassador Martynov; Chancery at NA NW,
Washington, DC 200_; telephone NA

US:
Ambassador (vacant); David SWARTZ, Charge d'Affaires; Embassy at
Hotel Belarus (telephone 8-011-7-0172-69-08-02) plus 7 hours; (mailing address is APO New York is 9,862); telephone NA


Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Belarus: white, red, and white

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Belarus - Economy 1992
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Economy overview:
In many ways Belarus resembles the three Baltic states, for example, in its industrial competence, its higher-than-average standard of living, and its critical dependence on the other former Soviet states for fuels and raw materials. Belarus ranks fourth in gross output among the former Soviet republics, producing 4% of the total GDP and employing 4% of the labor force. Once a mainly agricultural area, it now supplies important producer and consumer goods - sometimes as the sole producer - to the other states. The soil in Belarus is not as fertile as the black earth of Ukraine, but by emphasizing favorable crops and livestock (especially pigs and chickens), Belarus has become a net exporter to the other republics of meat, milk, eggs, flour, and potatoes. Belarus produces only small amounts of oil and gas and receives most of its fuel from Russia through the Druzhba oil pipeline and the Northern Lights gas pipeline. These pipelines transit
Belarus enroute to Eastern Europe. Belarus produces petrochemicals, plastics, synthetic fibers (nearly 30% of former Soviet output), and fertilizer (20% of former Soviet output). Raw material resources are limited to potash and peat deposits. The peat (more than one-third of the total for the former Soviet Union) is used in domestic heating as boiler fuel for electric power stations and in the production of chemicals. The potash supports fertilizer production.

GDP: NA - $NA, per capita $NA; real growth rate --2% (1991)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 5.7% of total agricultural output of former
Soviet Union; employs 29 of the labor force; in 1988 produced the following in percent of total Soviet production: grain (3.6%), potatoes (12.2%), vegetables (3.0%), meat (6.0%), milk (7.0%); net exporter of meat, milk, eggs, flour, and potatoes

Industries: employ about 27% of labor force and produce a wide variety of products essential to the other states; products include (in percent share of total output of former Soviet Union): tractors(12%; metal-cutting machine tools (11%; off-highway dump trucksup to 110-metric- ton load capacity (100%; wheel-type earthmovers for construction and mining (100%; eight- wheel-drive, high-flotation trucks with cargo capacity of 25 metric tons for use in tundra and roadless areas (100%; equipment for animal husbandry and livestock feeding (25%; motorcycles (21.3%; television sets (11%; chemical fibers (28%; fertilizer (18%; linen fabric (11%; wool fabric (7%; radios; refrigerators; and other consumer goods

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate --1.5% (1991)

Labor force: 5,418,000; industry and construction 42%, agriculture and forestry 20%, other 38% (1990)
Organized labor: NA
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $NA million; expenditures $NA million, including capital expenditures of $NA million

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $4.3 billion (f.o.b., 1990)
Commodoties: machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, foodstuffs
Partners: NA

Imports: $5.6 billion (c.i.f., 1990)
Commodoties: machinery, chemicals, textiles
Partners: NA

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: NA


Belarus - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 7,500,000 kW capacity; 38,700 million kWh produced, 3,770 kWh per capita (1991)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Belarus - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Belarus - Military 1992
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp: $NA, NA% of GDP

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Belarus - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: NA

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines: NA

Railways

Roadways

Waterways: NA km

Merchant marine: none - landlocked
Civil air: NA major transport aircraft

Ports and terminals


Belarus - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: illicit producer of opium mostly for the domestic market; transshipment point for illicit drugs to Western Europe


Airhelp


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