Statistical information Brunei 1992Brunei

Map of Brunei | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Brunei in the World
Brunei in the World

Corel


Brunei - Introduction 1992
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Background: Although greatly reduced in size since its heyday of the 16th century the Sultanate of Brunei sits atop extensive petroleum and natural gas fields the source of one of the highest per capita GDPs in the less developed countries.


Brunei - Geography 1992
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Location

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 5,770 km²
Land: 5,270 km²
Comparative: slightly larger than Delaware

Land boundaries: 381 km; Malysia 381 km

Coastline: 161 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm
Disputes:
may wish to purchase the Malaysian salient that divides the country; all of the Spratly Islands are claimed by China, Taiwan, and
Vietnam; parts of them are claimed by Malaysia and the Philippines; in 1984,
Brunei established an exclusive fishing zone that encompasses Louisa Reef, but has not publicly claimed the island


Climate: tropical; hot, humid, rainy

Terrain: flat coastal plain rises to mountains in east; hilly lowland in west

Elevation

Natural resources: crude oil, natural gas, timber
Land use

Land use: arable land: 1%; permanent crops: 1%; meadows and pastures 1%; forest and woodland 79%; other 18%; includes irrigated NEGL%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Brunei - People 1992
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Population: 269,319 (July 1992), growth rate 2.9% (1992)

Nationality: noun - Bruneian(s; adjective - Bruneian

Ethnic groups: Malay 64%, Chinese 20%, other 16%

Languages: Malay (official), English, and Chinese

Religions: Muslim (official) 63%, Buddhism 14%, Christian 8%, indigenous beliefs and other 15% (1981)

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 27 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 5 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: 7 migrants/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: typhoons, earthquakes, and severe flooding are rare
Current issues note: close to vital sea lanes through South China Sea linking Indian and Pacific Oceans; two parts physically separated by Malaysia; almost an enclave of Malaysia

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 26 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 69 years male, 73 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 3.5 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 77% (male 85%, female 69%) age 15 and over can read and write (1981)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Brunei - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: Negara Brunei Darussalam

Government type: constitutional sultanate

Capital: Bandar Seri Begawan

Administrative divisions: 4 districts (daerah-daerah, singular - daerah; Belait, Brunei and Muara, Temburong, Tutong

Dependent areas

Independence: 1 January 1984 (from UK)

National holiday: 23 February (1984)

Constitution: 29 September 1959 (some provisions suspended under a State of Emergency since December 1962, others since independence on 1 January 1984)

Legal system: based on Islamic law

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: none
Legislative Council: last held in March 1962; in 1970 the Council was changed to an appointive body by decree of the sultan and no elections are planned

Executive branch: sultan, prime minister, Council of Cabinet Ministers

Legislative branch:
unicameral Legislative Council (Majlis Masyuarat
Megeri)


Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:
APEC, ASEAN, C, ESCAP, G-77, ICAO, IDB, IMO, INTERPOL, IOC,
ISO (correspondent), ITU, OIC, UN, UNCTAD, UPU, WHO, WMO

Diplomatic representation:
Ambassador Mohamed KASSIM bin Haji Mohamed
Daud; Chancery at 2,600 Virginia Avenue NW, Suite 3,000, Washington, DC 20,037; telephone (202) 342-0159

US:
Ambassador (vacant); Embassy at Third Floor, Teck Guan Plaza, Jalan
Sultan, American Embassy Box B, APO AP 96,440; telephone 673 (2) 229-670;
FAX 673 (2) 225-293


Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Brunei: yellow with two diagonal bands of white (top, almost double width) and black starting from the upper hoist side; the national emblem in red is superimposed at the center; the emblem includes a swallow-tailed flag on top of a winged column within an upturned crescent above a scroll and flanked by two upraised hands

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Brunei - Economy 1992
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Economy overview:
The economy is a mixture of foreign and domestic entrepreneurship, government regulation and welfare measures, and village tradition. It is almost totally supported by exports of crude oil and natural gas, with revenues from the petroleum sector accounting for more than 50% of GDP. Per capita GDP of $8,800 is among the highest in the Third
World, and substantial income from overseas investment supplements domestic production. The government provides for all medical services and subsidizes food and housing.

GDP: exchange rate conversion - $3.5 billion, per capita $8,800; real growth rate 1% (1990 est.)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: imports about 80% of its food needs; principal crops and livestock include rice, cassava, bananas, buffaloes, and pigs

Industries: petroleum, petroleum refining, liquefied natural gas, construction

Industrial production growth rate:
growth rate 12.9% (1987); accounts for 52.4% of
GDP


Labor force: 89,000 (includes members of the Army); 33% of labor force is foreign (1988); government 47.5%; production of oil, natural gas, services, and construction 41.9%; agriculture, forestry, and fishing 3.8% (1986)
Organized labor: 2% of labor force
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 3.7%, shortage of skilled labor (1989)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $1.3 billion; expenditures $1.5 billion, including capital expenditures of $255 million (1989 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $2.2 billion (f.o.b., 1990 est.)
Commodoties: crude oil, liquefied natural gas, petroleum products
Partners: Japan 53%, UK 12%, South Korea 9%, Thailand 7%, Singapore 5% (1990)

Imports: $1.7 billion (c.i.f., 1990 est.)
Commodoties: machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods, food, chemicals
Partners: Singapore 35%, UK 26%, Switzerland 9%, US 9%, Japan 5% (1990)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Bruneian dollars (B$) per US$1 - 1.7454 (January 1991), 1.8125 (1990), 1.9503 (1989), 2.0124 (1988), 2.1060 (1987), 2.1774 (1986; note - the Bruneian dollar is at par with the Singapore dollar


Brunei - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 310,000 kW capacity; 890 million kWh produced, 2,400 kWh per capita (1990)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Brunei - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Brunei - Military 1992
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp:
exchange rate conversion - $233.1 million, 7.1% of
GDP (1988)


Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Brunei - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 2 total, 2 usable; 1 with permanent-surface runways; 1 with runway over 3,659 m; 1 with runway 1,406 m

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines: crude oil 135 km; petroleum products 418 km; natural gas 920 km

Railways

Roadways

Waterways: 209 km; navigable by craft drawing less than 1.2 meters

Merchant marine: 7 liquefied gas carriers (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 348,476 GRT/340,635 DWT
Civil air: 4 major transport aircraft (3 Boeing 757-200, 1 Boeing 737-200)

Ports and terminals


Brunei - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


Economy Bookings


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