Statistical information Burkina Faso 1992Burkina%20Faso

Map of Burkina Faso | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Burkina Faso in the World
Burkina Faso in the World

Travelex


Burkina Faso - Introduction 1992
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Background: Independence from France came to Burkina Faso (formerly Upper Volta) in 1960. Governmental instability causes several hundred thousand farm workers migrate south every year to Cote d'Ivoire and Ghana.


Burkina Faso - Geography 1992
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Location

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 274,200 km²
Land: 273,800 km²
Comparative: slightly larger than Colorado

Land boundaries: 3,192 km; Benin 306 km, Ghana 548 km, Ivory Coast 584 km, Mali 1,000 km, Niger 628 km, Togo 126 km

Coastline: none - landlocked

Maritime claims: none - landlocked
Disputes: the disputed international boundary between Burkina and Mali was submitted to the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in October 1983 and the ICJ issued its final ruling in December 1986, which both sides agreed to accept; Burkina and Mali are proceeding with boundary demarcation, including the tripoint with Niger

Climate: tropical; warm, dry winters; hot, wet summers

Terrain: mostly flat to dissected, undulating plains; hills in west and southeast

Elevation

Natural resources: manganese, limestone, marble; small deposits of gold, antimony, copper, nickel, bauxite, lead, phosphates, zinc, silver
Land use

Land use: arable land: 10%; permanent crops: NEGL%; meadows and pastures 37%; forest and woodland 26%; other 27%, includes irrigated NEGL%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Burkina Faso - People 1992
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Population: 9,653,672 (July 1992), growth rate 3.1% (1992)

Nationality:
noun - Burkinabe (singular and plural); adjective -
Burkinabe


Ethnic groups: more than 50 tribes; principal tribe is Mossi (about 2.5 million; other important groups are Gurunsi, Senufo, Lobi, Bobo, Mande, and Fulani

Languages: French (official; tribal languages belong to Sudanic family, spoken by 90% of the population

Religions:
indigenous beliefs about 65%, Muslim 25%, Christian (mainly
Roman Catholic) 10%


Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 49 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 16 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: 2 migrants/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: recent droughts and desertification severely affecting marginal agricultural activities, population distribution, economy; overgrazing; deforestation
Current issues note: landlocked

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 117 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 52 years male, 53 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 7.1 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 18% (male 28%, female 9%) age 15 and over can read and write (1990 est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Burkina Faso - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: Burkina Faso

Government type: military; established by coup on 4 August 1983

Capital: Ouagadougou

Administrative divisions:
30 provinces; Bam, Bazega, Bougouriba,
Boulgou, Boulkiemde, Ganzourgou, Gnagna, Gourma, Houet, Kadiogo, Kenedougou,
Komoe, Kossi, Kouritenga, Mouhoun, Namentenga, Naouri, Oubritenga, Oudalan,
Passore, Poni, Sanguie, Sanmatenga, Seno, Sissili, Soum, Sourou, Tapoa,
Yatenga, Zoundweogo


Dependent areas

Independence: 5 August 1960 (from France; formerly Upper Volta)

National holiday: Anniversary of the Revolution, 4 August (1983)

Constitution: June 1991

Legal system: based on French civil law system and customary law

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: none

Executive branch: President, Council of Ministers

Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly (Assemblee Nationale) was dissolved on 25 November 1980

Judicial branch: Appeals Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:
ACCT, ACP, AfDB, CCC, CEAO, ECA, ECOWAS, Entente, FAO, FZ,
G-77, GATT, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, INTELSAT,
INTERPOL, IOC, ITU, LORCS, NAM, OAU, OIC, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO,
UPU, WADB, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Diplomatic representation: Ambassador Paul Desire KABORE; Chancery at 2,340 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20,008; telephone (202) 332-5,577 or 6,895
US:
Ambassador Edward P. BYRNN; Embassy at Avenue Raoul Follerau,
Ouagadougou (mailing address is 01 B. P. 35, Ouagadougou); telephone 226 30-67- 23 through 25 and 226 33-34-22; FAX 226 31-23-68


Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Burkina%20Faso:
two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and green with a yellow five-pointed star in the center; uses the popular pan-African colors of
Ethiopia


National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Burkina Faso - Economy 1992
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Economy overview:
One of the poorest countries in the world, Burkina has a high population density, few natural resources, and relatively infertile soil.
Economic development is hindered by a poor communications network within a landlocked country. Agriculture provides about 40% of GDP and is entirely of a subsistence nature. Industry, dominated by unprofitable government-controlled corporations, accounts for about 15% of GDP.

GDP: exchange rate conversion - $2.9 billion, per capita $320 (1988); real growth rate 1.3% (1990 est.)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for about 40% of GDP; cash crops - peanuts, shea nuts, sesame, cotton; food crops - sorghum, millet, corn, rice; livestock; not self-sufficient in food grains

Industries: cotton lint, beverages, agricultural processing, soap, cigarettes, textiles, gold

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate 5.7% (1990 est.), accounts for about 15% of GDP (1988)

Labor force: 3,300,000 residents; 30,000 are wage earners; agriculture 82%, industry 13%, commerce, services, and government 5%; 20% of male labor force migrates annually to neighboring countries for seasonal employment (1984); 44% of population of working age (1985)
Organized labor: four principal trade union groups represent less than 1% of population
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $275 million; expenditures $287 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (1989)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $262 million (f.o.b., 1989)
Commodoties: oilseeds, cotton, live animals, gold
Partners: EC 42% (France 30%, other 12%), Taiwan 17%, Ivory Coast 15% (1985)

Imports: $619 million (f.o.b., 1989)
Commodoties: grain, dairy products, petroleum, machinery
Partners: EC 37% (France 23%, other 14%), Africa 31%, US 15% (1985)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: CFA francs (CFAF) per US$1 - 269.01 (January 1992), 282.11 (1991), 272.26 (1990), 319.01 (1989), 297.85 (1988), 300.54 (1987)


Burkina Faso - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 120,000 kW capacity; 320 million kWh produced, 40 kWh per capita (1991)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Burkina Faso - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Burkina Faso - Military 1992
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp:
exchange rate conversion - $55 million, 2.7% of
GDP (1988 est.)


Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Burkina Faso - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports:
48 total, 38 usable; 2 with permanent-surface runways; none
with runways over 3,659 m; 2
with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 8
with runways 1,220-2,439 m


Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals


Burkina Faso - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


Corel


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