Statistical information Burundi 1992Burundi

Map of Burundi | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Burundi in the World

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Background


Burundi - Geography 1992
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Location

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 27,830 km²
Land: 25,650 km²
Comparative: slightly larger than Maryland

Land boundaries: 974 km; Rwanda 290 km, Tanzania 451 km, Zaire 233 km

Coastline: none - landlocked

Maritime claims: none - landlocked
Disputes: none

Climate: temperate; warm; occasional frost in uplands

Terrain: mostly rolling to hilly highland; some plains

Elevation

Natural resources: nickel, uranium, rare earth oxide, peat, cobalt, copper, platinum (not yet exploited), vanadium
Land use

Land use: arable land: 43%; permanent crops: 8%; meadows and pastures 35%; forest and woodland 2%; other 12%; includes irrigated NEGL%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Burundi - People 1992
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Population: 6,022,341 (July 1992), growth rate 3.2% (1992)

Nationality: noun - Burundian(s; adjective - Burundi

Ethnic groups:
Africans - Hutu (Bantu) 85%, Tutsi (Hamitic) 14%, Twa (Pygmy) 1%; other Africans include about 70,000 refugees, mostly Rwandans and Zairians; non-Africans include about 3,000 Europeans and 2,000 South
Asians


Languages: Kirundi and French (official; Swahili (along Lake Tanganyika and in the Bujumbura area)

Religions: Christian about 67% (Roman Catholic 62%, Protestant 5%), indigenous beliefs 32%, Muslim 1%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 46 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 14 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: 0 migrants/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: soil exhaustion; soil erosion; deforestation
Current issues note: landlocked; straddles crest of the Nile-Congo watershed

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 106 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 51 years male, 55 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 6.8 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 50% (male 61%, female 40%) age 15 and over can read and write (1990 est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Burundi - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Burundi

Government type: republic

Capital: Bujumbura

Administrative divisions:
15 provinces; Bubanza, Bujumbura, Bururi,
Cankuzo, Cibitoke, Gitega, Karuzi, Kayanza, Kirundo, Makamba, Muramvya,
Muyinga, Ngozi, Rutana, Ruyigi


Dependent areas

Independence: 1 July 1962 (from UN trusteeship under Belgian administration)

National holiday: Independence Day, 1 July (1962)

Constitution:
20 November 1981; suspended following the coup of 3
September 1987; a constitutional committee was charged with drafting a new constitution created in February 1991; a referendum on the new constitution scheduled for March 1992


Legal system: based on German and Belgian civil codes and customary law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: universal adult at age NA
National Assembly:
dissolved after the coup of 3 September 1987; note -
The National Unity Charter outlining the principles for constitutional government was adopted by a national referendum on 5 February 1991


Executive branch:
president; chairman of the Central Committee of the
National Party of Unity and Progress (UPRONA), prime minister


Legislative branch:
unicameral National Assembly (Assemblee Nationale) was dissolved following the coup of 3 September 1987; at an extraordinary party congress held from 27 to 29 December 1990, the Central Committee of the National Party of Unity and Progress (UPRONA) replaced the Military
Committee for National Salvation, and became the supreme governing body during the transition to constitutional government


Judicial branch: Supreme Court (Cour Supreme)

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:
ACCT, ACP, AfDB, CCC, CEEAC, CEPGL, ECA, FAO, G-77, GATT,
IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, INTERPOL, ITU, LORCS, NAM, OAU, UN,
UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Diplomatic representation: Ambassador Julien KAVAKURE; Chancery at Suite 212, 2,233 Wisconsin Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20,007; telephone (202) 342-2,574
US:
Ambassador Cynthia Shepherd PERRY; B. P. 1720, Avenue des Etats-Unis,
Bujumbura; telephone 257 (222) 454; FAX 257 (222) 926


Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Burundi: divided by a white diagonal cross into red panels (top and bottom) and green panels (hoist side and outer side) with a white disk superimposed at the center bearing three red six-pointed stars outlined in green arranged in a triangular design (one star above, two stars below)

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Burundi - Economy 1992
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Economy overview: A landlocked, resource-poor country in an early stage of economic development, Burundi is predominately agricultural with only a few basic industries. Its economic health depends on the coffee crop, which accounts for an average 90% of foreign exchange earnings each year. The ability to pay for imports therefore continues to rest largely on the vagaries of the climate and the international coffee market. As part of its economic reform agenda, launched in February 1991 with IMF and World Bank support, Burundi is trying to diversify its export agriculture capability and attract foreign investment in industry. Several state-owned coffee companies were privatized via public auction in September 1991.
GDP: exchange rate conversion - $1.13 billion, per capita $200; real growth rate 3.4% (1990 est.)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 60% of GDP; 90% of population dependent on subsistence farming; marginally self-sufficient in food production; cash crops - coffee, cotton, tea; food crops - corn, sorghum, sweet potatoes, bananas, manioc; livestock - meat, milk, hides, and skins

Industries: light consumer goods such as blankets, shoes, soap; assembly of imports; public works construction; food processing

Industrial production growth rate: real growth rate 5.1% (1986; accounts for about 10% of GDP

Labor force: 1,900,000 (1983 est.); agriculture 93.0%, government 4.0%, industry and commerce 1.5%, services 1.5%; 52% of population of working age (1985)
Organized labor: sole group is the Union of Burundi Workers (UTB); by charter, membership is extended to all Burundi workers (informally); active membership figures NA
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $158 million; expenditures $204 million, including capital expenditures of $131 million (1989 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $74.7 million (f.o.b., 1990)
Commodoties: coffee 88%, tea, hides, and skins
Partners: EC 83%, US 5%, Asia 2%

Imports: $234.6 million (c.i.f., 1990)
Commodoties: capital goods 31%, petroleum products 15%, foodstuffs, consumer goods
Partners: EC 57%, Asia 23%, US 3%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Burundi francs (FBu) per US$1 - 193.72 (January 1992), 181.51 (1991), 171.26 (1990), 158.67 (1989), 140.40 (1988), 123. 56 (1987)


Burundi - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 55,000 kW capacity; 105 million kWh produced, 20 kWh per capita (1991)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Burundi - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Burundi - Military 1992
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp:
exchange rate conversion - $28 million, 3.7% of
GDP (1989)


Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Burundi - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports:
6 total, 6 usable; 1 with permanent-surface runways; none with runways over 3,659 m; 1
with runways 2,440-3,659 m; none
with runways 1,220 to 2,439 m


Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways: Lake Tanganyika

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals


Burundi - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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