Statistical information Cabo Verde 1992Cabo%20Verde

Map of Cabo Verde | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Cabo Verde in the World
Cabo Verde in the World

Cabo Verde - Introduction 1992
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Background: The uninhabited islands were discovered and colonized by the Portuguese in the 15th century; they subsequently became a trading center for African slaves. Most Cape Verdeans descend from both groups. Independence was achieved in 1975.

Cabo Verde - Geography 1992
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Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Total: 4,030 km²
Land: 4,030 km²
Comparative: slightly larger than Rhode Island

Land boundaries: none

Coastline: 965 km

Maritime claims: (measured from claimed archipelagic baselines)
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm
Disputes: none

Climate: temperate; warm, dry, summer; precipitation very erratic

Terrain: steep, rugged, rocky, volcanic


Natural resources: salt, basalt rock, pozzolana, limestone, kaolin, fish
Land use

Land use: arable land: 9%; permanent crops: NEGL%; meadows and pastures 6%; forest and woodland NEGL%; other 85%; includes irrigated 1%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


Cabo Verde - People 1992
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Population: 398,276 (July 1992), growth rate 3.0% (1992)

Nationality: noun - Cape Verdean(s; adjective - Cape Verdean

Ethnic groups: Creole (mulatto) about 71%, African 28%, European 1%

Portuguese and Crioulo, a blend of Portuguese and West
African words

Religions: Roman Catholicism fused with indigenous beliefs

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 48 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 10 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: - 8 migrants/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: subject to prolonged droughts; harmattan wind can obscure visibility; volcanically and seismically active; deforestation; overgrazing
Current issues note: strategic location 500 km from African coast near major north-south sea routes; important communications station; important sea and air refueling site

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 61 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 60 years male, 64 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 6.5 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 66% (male NA%, female NA%) age 15 and over can read and write (1989 est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Cabo Verde - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Cape Verde

Government type: republic

Capital: Praia

Administrative divisions:
14 districts (concelhos, singular - concelho);
Boa Vista, Brava, Fogo, Maio, Paul, Praia, Porto Novo, Ribeira Grande, Sal,
Santa Catarina, Santa Cruz, Sao Nicolau, Sao Vicente, Tarrafal

Dependent areas

Independence: 5 July 1975 (from Portugal)

National holiday: Independence Day, 5 July (1975)

Constitution: 7 September 1980; amended 12 February 1981, December 1988, and 28 September 1990 (legalized opposition parties)

Legal system

International law organization participation


Suffrage: universal at age 18
People's National Assembly:
last held 13 January 1991 (next to be held
January 1996); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (79 total) MPD 56, PAICV 23; note - this multiparty Assembly election ended 15 years of single-party rule

President: last held 17 February 1991 (next to be held February 1996); results - Antonio Monteiro MASCARENHAS (MPD) received 72.6% of vote

Executive branch: president, prime minister, deputy minister, secretaries of state, Council of Ministers (cabinet)

Legislative branch:
unicameral People's National Assembly (Assembleia
Nacional Popular)

Judicial branch: Supreme Tribunal of Justice (Supremo Tribunal de Justia)

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:

Diplomatic representation:
Ambassador Carlos Alberto Santos SILVA;
Chancery at 3,415 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20,007; telephone (202) 965-6,820; there is a Cape Verdean Consulate General in Boston

Ambassador Francis T. (Terry) McNAMARA; Embassy at Rua Hoji Ya Henda
Yenna 81, Praia (mailing address is C. P. 201, Praia); telephone 238 61-43-63 or 61-42-53; FAX 238 61-13-55

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Cabo%20Verde:
two equal horizontal bands of yellow (top) and green with a vertical red band on the hoist side; in the upper portion of the red band is a black five-pointed star framed by two corn stalks and a yellow clam shell; uses the popular pan-African colors of Ethiopia; similar to the flag of
Guinea-Bissau, which is longer and has an unadorned black star centered in the red band

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Cabo Verde - Economy 1992
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Economy overview: Cape Verde's low per capita GDP reflects a poor natural resource base, a 17-year drought, and a high birthrate. The economy is service oriented, with commerce, transport, and public services accounting for 65% of GDP during the period 1985-88. Although nearly 70% of the population lives in rural areas, agriculture's share of GDP is only 16%; the fishing sector accounts for 4%. About 90% of food must be imported. The fishing potential, mostly lobster and tuna, is not fully exploited. In 1988 fishing represented only 3.5% of GDP. Cape Verde annually runs a high trade deficit, financed by remittances from emigrants and foreign aid. Economic reforms launched by the new democratic government in February 1991 are aimed at developing the private sector and attracting foreign investment to diversify the economy.
GDP: exchange rate conversion - $310 million, per capita $800; real growth rate 4% (1990 est.)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 16% of GDP; largely subsistence farming; bananas are the only export crop; other crops - corn, beans, sweet potatoes, coffee; growth potential of agricultural sector limited by poor soils and limited rainfall; annual food imports required; fish catch provides for both domestic consumption and small exports

Industries: fish processing, salt mining, clothing factories, ship repair, construction materials, food and beverage production

Industrial production growth rate:
growth rate 18% (1988 est.); accounts for 7% of

Labor force: 102,000 (1985 est.); agriculture (mostly subsistence) 57%, services 29%, industry 14% (1981); 51% of population of working age (1985)
Organized labor: Trade Unions of Cape Verde Unity Center (UNTC-CS)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 25% (1988)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $98.3 million; expenditures $138.4 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (1988 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $10.9 million (f.o.b., 1989 est.)
Commodoties: fish, bananas, salt
Partners: Portugal 40%, Algeria 31%, Angola, Netherlands (1990 est.)

Imports: $107.8 million (c.i.f., 1989)
Commodoties: petroleum, foodstuffs, consumer goods, industrial products
Sweden 33%, Spain 11%, Germany 5%, Portugal 3%, France 3%,
Netherlands, US (1990 est.)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Cape Verdean escudos (CVEsc) per US$1 - 71.28 (March 1992), 71.41 (1991), 64.10 (November 1990), 74.86 (December 1989), 72.01 (1988), 72.5 (1987)

Cabo Verde - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 15,000 kW capacity; 15 million kWh produced, 40 kWh per capita (1991)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Cabo Verde - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Cabo Verde - Military 1992
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp: exchange rate conversion - $NA, NA% of GDP

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Cabo Verde - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

6 total, 6 usable; 6 with permanent-surface runways; none with runways over 3,659 m; 1
with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 2
with runways 1,220-2,439 m

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine:
7 cargo ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 11,717
GRT/19,000 DWT

Civil air: 3 major transport aircraft

Ports and terminals

Cabo Verde - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

Iberostar Hotels

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