Statistical information Cambodia 1992Cambodia

Map of Cambodia | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Cambodia in the World
Cambodia in the World


Cambodia - Introduction 1992
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Background: Following a five-year struggle communist Khmer Rouge forces captured Phnom Penh in 1975 and ordered the evacuation of all cities and towns; over 1 million displaced people died from execution or enforced hardships. A 1978 Vietnamese invasion drove the Khmer Rouge into the countryside and touched off 13 years of fighting.

Cambodia - Geography 1992
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Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Total: 181,040 km²
Land: 176,520 km²
Comparative: slightly smaller than Oklahoma

Land boundaries: 2,572 km; Laos 541 km, Thailand 803 km, Vietnam 1,228 km

Coastline: 443 km

Maritime claims
Contiguous zone: 24 nm
Continental shelf: 200 nm
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm
offshore islands and three sections of the boundary with
Vietnam are in dispute; maritime boundary with Vietnam not defined

Climate: tropical; rainy, monsoon season (May to October; dry season (December to March; little seasonal temperature variation

Terrain: mostly low, flat plains; mountains in southwest and north


Natural resources: timber, gemstones, some iron ore, manganese, phosphates, hydropower potential
Land use

Land use: arable land: 16%; permanent crops: 1%; meadows and pastures 3%; forest and woodland 76%; other 4%; includes irrigated 1%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


Cambodia - People 1992
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Population: 7,295,706 (July 1992), growth rate 2.1% (1992)

Nationality: noun - Cambodian(s; adjective - Cambodian

Ethnic groups: Khmer 90%, Chinese 5%, other 5%

Languages: Khmer (official), French

Religions: Theravada Buddhism 95%, other 5%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 37 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 15 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: 0 migrants/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues:
a land of paddies and forests dominated by Mekong River and
Tonle Sap

Current issues note: buffer between Thailand and Vietnam

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 121 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 48 years male, 51 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 4.4 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 35% (male 48%, female 22%) age 15 and over can read and write (1990 est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Cambodia - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: none

Government type: currently administered by the Supreme National Council (SNC), a body set up under United Nations' auspices, in preparation for an internationally supervised election in 1993 and including representatives from each of the country's four political factions

Capital: Phnom Penh

Administrative divisions:
19 provinces (khet, singular and plural) and 2 autonomous cities* Banteay Meanchey, Batdambang, Kampong Cham, Kampong
Chhnang, Kampong Saom City*, Kampong Spoe, Kampong Thum, Kampot, Kandal,
Kaoh Kong, Kracheh, Mondol Kiri, Phnom Phen City*, Pouthisat, Preah Vihear,
Prey Veng, Rotanokiri, Siemreab-Otdar Meanchey, Stoeng Treng, Svay Rieng,

Dependent areas

Independence: 8 November 1949 (from France)

National holiday:
NGC - Independence Day, 17 April (1975); SOC -
Liberation Day, 7 January (1979)

Constitution: a new constitution will be drafted after the national election in 1993

Legal system

International law organization participation


Suffrage: universal at age 18

Executive branch
A twelvemember Supreme National Council SNC chaired by Prince NORODOM SIHANOUK composed of representatives from each of the four political factions; faction names and delegation leaders are:
State of Cambodia (SOC) - HUN SEN; Democratic Kampuchea (DK or Khmer Rouge) -
KHIEU SAMPHAN; Khmer People's National Liberation Front (KPNLF) - SON SANN;
National United Front for an Independent, Peaceful, Neutral, and Cooperative

Legislative branch:
pending a national election in 1993, the incumbent
SOC faction's National Assembly is the only functioning national legislative body

Judicial branch: pending a national election in 1993, the incumbent SOC faction's Supreme People's Court is the only functioning national judicial body

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:

Diplomatic representation:
the Supreme National Council (SNC) represents
Cambodia in international organizations - it filled UN seat in September 1991

US: Charles TWINNING is the US representative to Cambodia

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Cambodia: SNC - blue background with white map of Cambodia in middle; SOC - two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and blue with a gold stylized five-towered temple representing Angkor Wat in the center

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Cambodia - Economy 1992
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Economy overview:
Cambodia is a desperately poor country whose economic development has been stymied by deadly political infighting. The economy is based on agriculture and related industries. Over the past decade Cambodia has been slowly recovering from its near destruction by war and political upheaval. The food situation remains precarious; during the 1980s famine was averted only through international relief. In 1986 the production level of rice, the staple food crop, was able to meet only 80% of domestic needs. The biggest success of the nation's recovery program has been in new rubber plantings and in fishing. Industry, other than rice processing, is almost nonexistent. Foreign trade has been primarily with the former USSR and
Vietnam, and both trade and foreign aid are being adversely affected by the breakup of the USSR. Statistical data on the economy continue to be sparse and unreliable. Foreign aid from the former USSR and Eastern Europe has virtually stopped.

GDP: exchange rate conversion - $930 million, per capita $130; real growth rate NA (1991 est.)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: mainly subsistence farming except for rubber plantations; main crops - rice, rubber, corn; food shortages - rice, meat, vegetables, dairy products, sugar, flour

Industries: rice milling, fishing, wood and wood products, rubber, cement, gem mining

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate NA%

Labor force: 2.5-3.0 million; agriculture 80% (1988 est.)
Organized labor: Kampuchea Federation of Trade Unions (FSC); under government control
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $178 million expenditures $NA, including capital expenditures of $NA (1991)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $32 million (f.o.b., 1988)
Commodoties: natural rubber, rice, pepper, wood
Partners: Vietnam, USSR, Eastern Europe, Japan, India

Imports: $147 million (c.i.f., 1988)
Commodoties: international food aid; fuels, consumer goods, machinery
Partners: Vietnam, USSR, Eastern Europe, Japan, India

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: riels (CR) per US$1 - 714 (May 1992), 500 (December 1991), 560 (1990), 159.00 (1988), 100.00 (1987)

Cambodia - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 140,000 kW capacity; 200 million kWh produced, 30 kWh per capita (1991)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Cambodia - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Cambodia - Military 1992
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp: exchange rate conversion - $NA, NA% of GDP

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Cambodia - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

16 total, 8 usable; 5 with permanent-surface runways; none
with runways over 3,659 m; 2
with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 4
with runways 1,220-2,439 m

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways





Waterways: 3,700 km navigable all year to craft drawing 0.6 meters; 282 km navigable to craft drawing 1.8 meters

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Cambodia - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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