Statistical information Cameroon 1992Cameroon

Map of Cameroon | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

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Cameroon in the World

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Cameroon - Introduction 1992
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Background: The former French Cameroon and part of British Cameroon merged in 1961 to form the present country. Cameroon has generally enjoyed stability which has permitted the development of agriculture roads and railways as well as a petroleum industry. Despite movement toward democratic reform political power remains firmly in the hands of an ethnic oligarchy.


Cameroon - Geography 1992
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Location

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 475,440 km²
Land: 469,440 km²
Comparative: slightly larger than California

Land boundaries: 4,591 km; Central African Republic 797 km, Chad 1,094 km, Congo 523 km, Equatorial Guinea 189 km, Gabon 298 km, Nigeria 1,690 km

Coastline: 402 km

Maritime claims
Territorial sea: 50 nm
Disputes: demarcation of international boundaries in Lake Chad, the lack of which has led to border incidents in the past, is completed and awaiting ratification by Cameroon, Chad, Niger, and Nigeria; boundary commission created with Nigeria to discuss unresolved land and maritime boundaries - has not yet convened

Climate: varies with terrain from tropical along coast to semiarid and hot in north

Terrain: diverse, with coastal plain in southwest, dissected plateau in center, mountains in west, plains in north

Elevation

Natural resources: crude oil, bauxite, iron ore, timber, hydropower potential
Land use

Land use: arable land: 13%; permanent crops: 2%; meadows and pastures 18%; forest and woodland 54%; other 13%; includes irrigated NEGL%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Cameroon - People 1992
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Population: 12,658,439 (July 1992), growth rate 3.3% (1992)

Nationality: noun - Cameroonian(s; adjective - Cameroonian

Ethnic groups:
over 200 tribes of widely differing background;
Cameroon Highlanders 31%, Equatorial Bantu 19%, Kirdi 11%, Fulani 10%,
Northwestern Bantu 8%, Eastern Nigritic 7%, other African 13%, non-African less than 1%


Languages: English and French (official), 24 major African language groups

Religions: indigenous beliefs 51%, Christian 33%, Muslim 16%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 44 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 11 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: 0 migrants/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: recent volcanic activity with release of poisonous gases; deforestation; overgrazing; desertification
Current issues note: sometimes referred to as the hinge of Africa

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 81 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 55 years male, 60 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 6.4 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 54% (male 66%, female 43%) age 15 and over can read and write (1990 est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Cameroon - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Cameroon

Government type: unitary republic; multiparty presidential regime (opposition parties legalized 1990)

Capital: Yaounde

Administrative divisions:
10 provinces; Adamaoua, Centre, Est,
Extreme-Nord, Littoral, Nord, Nord-Ouest, Ouest, Sud, Sud-Ouest


Dependent areas

Independence: 1 January 1960 (from UN trusteeship under French administration; formerly French Cameroon)

National holiday: National Day, 20 May (1972)

Constitution: 20 May 1972

Legal system: based on French civil law system, with common law influence; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: universal at age 20
National Assembly: next to be held 1 March 1992
President: last held 24 April 1988 (next to be held April 1993); results - President Paul BIYA reelected without opposition

Executive branch: president, Cabinet

Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly (Assemblee Nationale)

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:
ACCT (associate), ACP, AfDB, BDEAC, CCC, CEEAC, ECA, FAO, FZ,
G-19, G-77, GATT, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO,
INMARSAT, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, ITU, LORCS, NAM, OAU, OIC, PCA, UDEAC,
UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Diplomatic representation:
Ambassador Paul PONDI; Chancery at 2,349
Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20,008; telephone (202) 265-8,790 through 8,794

US: Ambassador Frances D. COOK; Embassy at Rue Nachtigal, Yaounde (mailing address is B. P. 817, Yaounde); telephone 237 234,014; FAX 237 230,753; there is a US Consulate General in Douala

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Cameroon: three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), red, and yellow with a yellow five-pointed star centered in the red band; uses the popular pan-African colors of Ethiopia

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Cameroon - Economy 1992
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Economy overview
Because of its offshore oil resources Cameroon has one of the highest incomes per capita in tropical Africa. Still it faces many of the serious problems facing other underdeveloped countries such as political instability a topheavy civil service and a generally unfavorable climate for business enterprise. The development of the oil sector led rapid economic growth between 1970 and 1985. Growth came to an abrupt halt in 1986 precipitated by steep declines in the prices of major exports: coffee, cocoa, and petroleum. Export earnings were cut by almost one-third, and inefficiencies in fiscal management were exposed. In 1990-92, with support from the IMF and World Bank, the government has begun to introduce reforms designed to spur business investment, increase efficiency in agriculture, and recapitalize the nation's banks. Nationwide strikes organized by opposition parties in 1991, however, undermined these efforts.
GDP: exchange rate conversion - $11.5 billion, per capita $1,040; real growth rate 0.7% (1990 est.)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: the agriculture and forestry sectors provide employment for the majority of the population, contributing nearly 25% to GDP and providing a high degree of self-sufficiency in staple foods; commercial and food crops include coffee, cocoa, timber, cotton, rubber, bananas, oilseed, grains, livestock, root starches

Industries: crude oil products, food processing, light consumer goods, textiles, sawmills

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate - 6.4% (FY87; accounts for 30% of GDP

Labor force: NA; agriculture 74.4%, industry and transport 11.4%, other services 14.2% (1983); 50% of population of working age (15-64 years) (1985)
Organized labor: under 45% of wage labor force
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 25% (1990 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $1.2 billion; expenditures $1.8 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA million (FY89)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: 1 July - 30 June

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $2.1 billion (f.o.b., 1990 est.)
Commodoties: petroleum products 56%, coffee, cocoa, timber, manufactures
Partners: EC (particularly France) about 50%, US 10%

Imports: $2.1 billion (c.i.f., 1990 est.)
Commodoties: machines and electrical equipment, transport equipment, chemical products, consumer goods
Partners: France 41%, Germany 9%, US 4%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (CFAF) per US$1 - 269.01 (January 1992), 282.11 (1991), 272.26 (1990), 319.01 (1989), 297.85 (1988), 300.54 (1987)


Cameroon - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 755,000 kW capacity; 2,940 million kWh produced, 270 kWh per capita (1991)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Cameroon - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Cameroon - Military 1992
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp:
exchange rate conversion - $219 million, 1.7% of
GDP (1990 est.)


Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Cameroon - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports:
56 total, 50 usable; 10 with permanent-surface runways; 1 with runways over 3,659 m; 5
with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 21
with runways 1,220-2,439 m


Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways: 2,090 km; of decreasing importance

Merchant marine:
2 cargo ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 24,122
GRT/33,509 DWT

Civil air: 5 major transport aircraft

Ports and terminals


Cameroon - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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