Statistical information Canada 1992Canada

Map of Canada | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

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Canada - Introduction 1992
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Background: A land of vast distances and rich natural resources, from 1867 on Canada has enjoyed de facto independence while retaining, even to the present day, certain formal ties to the British crown. Economically and technologically the nation has developed in parallel with the US, its neighbor to the south across an unfortified border. Its paramount political problem continues to be the relationship of the province of Quebec, with its French-speaking residents and unique culture, to the remainder of the country.


Canada - Geography 1992
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Location

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 9,976,140 km²
Land: 9,220,970 km²
Comparative: slightly larger than US

Land boundaries: 8,893 km with US (includes 2,477 km with Alaska)

Coastline: 243,791 km

Maritime claims
Continental shelf: 200 m (depth) or to depth of exploitation
Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm
Disputes: maritime boundary disputes with the US

Climate: varies from temperate in south to subarctic and arctic in north

Terrain: mostly plains with mountains in west and lowlands in southeast

Elevation

Natural resources: nickel, zinc, copper, gold, lead, molybdenum, potash, silver, fish, timber, wildlife, coal, crude oil, natural gas
Land use

Land use: arable land: 5%; permanent crops: NEGL%; meadows and pastures 3%; forest and woodland 35%; other 57%; includes NEGL% irrigated

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Canada - People 1992
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Population: 27,351,509 (July 1992), growth rate 1.3% (1992)

Nationality: noun - Canadian(s; adjective - Canadian

Ethnic groups:
British Isles origin 40%, French origin 27%, other
European 20%, indigenous Indian and Eskimo 1.5%


Languages: English and French (both official)

Religions: Roman Catholic 46%, United Church 16%, Anglican 10%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 14 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 7 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: 6 migrants/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: 80% of population concentrated within 160 km of US border; continuous permafrost in north a serious obstacle to development
Current issues note: second-largest country in world (after Russia); strategic location between Russia and US via north polar route

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 7 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 74 years male, 81 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 1.8 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 99% (male NA%, female NA%) age 15 and over can read and write (1981 est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Canada - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: none

Government type: confederation with parliamentary democracy

Capital: Ottawa

Administrative divisions:
10 provinces and 2 territories*; Alberta,
British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Northwest
Territories*, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec,
Saskatchewan, Yukon Territory*


Dependent areas

Independence: 1 July 1867 (from UK)

National holiday: Canada Day, 1 July (1867)

Constitution: amended British North America Act 1867 patriated to Canada 17 April 1982; charter of rights and unwritten customs

Legal system: based on English common law, except in Quebec, where civil law system based on French law prevails; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: universal at age 18
House of Commons:
last held 21 November 1988 (next to be held by
November 1993); results - Progressive Conservative Party 43.0%, Liberal
Party 32%, New Democratic Party 20%, other 5%; seats - (295 total)
Progressive Conservative Party 159, Liberal Party 80, New Democratic Party 44, independents 12

Communists: 3,000

Executive branch: British monarch, governor general, prime minister, deputy prime minister, Cabinet

Legislative branch: bicameral Parliament (Parlement) consists of an upper house or Senate (Senat) and a lower house or House of Commons (Chambre des Communes)

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:
ACCT, AfDB, AG (observer), APEC, AsDB, Australia Group, BIS,
C, CCC, CDB, COCOM, CP, CSCE, EBRD, ECE, ECLAC, FAO, G-7, G-8, G-10, GATT,
IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO,
INMARSAT, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, LORCS, MTCR, NACC, NATO,
NEA, NSG, OAS, OECD, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNDOF, UNESCO, UNFICYP, UNHCR, UNIDO,
UNIIMOG, UNTSO, UPU, WCL, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC

Diplomatic representation:
Ambassador Derek BURNEY; Chancery at 501
Pennsylvania Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20,001; telephone (202) 682-1740; there are Canadian Consulates General in Atlanta, Boston, Buffalo, Chicago,
Cleveland, Dallas, Detroit, Los Angeles, Minneapolis, New York,
Philadelphia, San Francisco, and Seattle

US:
Ambassador Peter TEELEY; Embassy at 100 Wellington Street, K1P 5T1,
Ottawa (mailing address is P. O. Box 5,000, Ogdensburg, NY 13,669-0430); telephone (613) 238-5,335 or (613) 238-4,470; FAX (613) 238-5,720; there are US
Consulates General in Calgary, Halifax, Montreal, Quebec, Toronto, and
Vancouver


Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Canada: three vertical bands of red (hoist side), white (double width, square), and red with a red maple leaf centered in the white band

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Canada - Economy 1992
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Economy overview:
As an affluent, high-tech industrial society, Canada today closely resembles the US in per capita output, market-oriented economic system, and pattern of production. Since World War II the impressive growth of the manufacturing, mining, and service sectors has transformed the nation from a largely rural economy into one primarily industrial and urban. In the 1980s, Canada registered one of the highest rates of real growth among the
OECD nations, averaging about 3.2%. With its great natural resources, skilled labor force, and modern capital plant, Canada has excellent economic prospects. However, the continuing constitutional impasse between English- and French-speaking areas has observers discussing a possible split in the confederation; foreign investors are becoming edgy.

GDP: purchasing power equivalent - $521.5 billion, per capita $19,400; real growth rate -1.1% (1991 est.)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for about 3% of GDP; one of the world's major producers and exporters of grain (wheat and barley; key source of US agricultural imports; large forest resources cover 35% of total land area; commercial fisheries provide annual catch of 1.5 million metric tons, of which 75% is exported

Industries: processed and unprocessed minerals, food products, wood and paper products, transportation equipment, chemicals, fish products, petroleum and natural gas

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate -3.8% (August 1991; accounts for 34% of GDP

Labor force: 13,380,000; services 75%, manufacturing 14%, agriculture 4%, construction 3%, other 4% (1988)
Organized labor: 30.6% of labor force; 39.6% of nonagricultural paid workers
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 10.3% (November 1991)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $111.8 billion; expenditures $138.3 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (FY90 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $124.0 billion (f.o.b., 1991)
Commodoties: newsprint, wood pulp, timber, crude petroleum, machinery, natural gas, aluminum, motor vehicles and parts; telecommunications equipment
Partners: US, Japan, UK, Germany, South Korea, Netherlands, China

Imports: $118 billion (c.i.f., 1991)
Commodoties: crude petroleum, chemicals, motor vehicles and parts, durable consumer goods, electronic computers; telecommunications equipment and parts
Partners: US, Japan, UK, Germany, France, Mexico, Taiwan, South Korea

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Canadian dollars (Can$) per US$1 - 1.1565 (January 1992), 1.1457 (1991), 1.1668 (1990), 1.1840 (1989), 1.2307 (1988), 1.3260 (1987)


Canada - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 106,464,000 kW capacity; 479,600 million kWh produced, 17,872 kWh per capita (1991)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Canada - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Canada - Military 1992
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp:
exchange rate conversion - $11.4 billion, 1.7% of
GDP (FY91); $10.5 billion, NA% of GDP (FY 92)


Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Canada - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports:
1,416 total, 1,168 usable; 455 with permanent-surface runways; 4
with runways over 3,659 m; 30
with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 338
with runways 1,220-2,439 m


Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines: crude and refined oil 23,564 km; natural gas 74,980 km

Railways

Roadways

Waterways: 3,000 km, including Saint Lawrence Seaway

Merchant marine:
70 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 500,904
GRT/727,118 DWT; includes 1 passenger, 3 short-sea passenger, 2 passenger-cargo, 10 cargo, 2 railcar carrier, 1 refrigerated cargo, 8 roll-on/roll-off, 1 container, 28 petroleum tanker, 5 chemical tanker, 1 specialized tanker, 8 bulk; note - does not include ships used exclusively in the Great Lakes

Civil air: 636 major transport aircraft; Air Canada is the major carrier

Ports and terminals


Canada - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: illicit producer of cannabis for the domestic drug market; use of hydroponics technology permits growers to plant large quantities of high-quality marijuana indoors; growing role as a transit point for heroin and cocaine entering the US market


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