Statistical information Christmas Island 1992Christmas%20Island

Map of Christmas Island | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Christmas Island in the World
Christmas Island in the World

Crystal Travel

Christmas Island - Introduction 1992
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Background: Named in 1643 for the day of its discovery the island was annexed and settlement was begun by the UK in 1888. Phosphate mining began in the 1890s. The UK transferred sovereignty to Australia in 1958. The phosphate mine closed in 1987 was reopened four years later but the need for an alternative industry has spurred investment in tourism. Old mining areas are being restored and almost two-thirds of the island has been declared a national park.

Christmas Island - Geography 1992
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Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Total: 135 km²
Land: 135 km²
Comparative: about 0.8 times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries: none

Coastline: 138.9 km

Maritime claims
Contiguous zone: 12 nm
Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 3 nm
Disputes: none

Climate: tropical; heat and humidity moderated by trade winds

Terrain: steep cliffs along coast rise abruptly to central plateau


Natural resources: phosphate
Land use

Land use: arable land: 0%; permanent crops: 0%; meadows and pastures 0%; forest and woodland 0%; other 100%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


Christmas Island - People 1992
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Population: 929 (July 1992), growth rate NA% (1992)

Nationality: noun - Christmas Islander(s; adjective - Christmas Island

Ethnic groups: Chinese 61%, Malay 25%, European 11%, other 3%; no indigenous population

Languages: English

Buddhist 36.1%, Muslim 25.4%, Christian 17.7% (Roman Catholic 8.2%, Church of England 3.2%, Presbyterian 0.9%, Uniting Church 0.4%,
Methodist 0.2%, Baptist 0.1%, and other 4.7%), none 12.7%, unknown 4.6%, other 3.5% (1981)

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: NA births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: NA deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: NA migrants/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: almost completely surrounded by a reef
Current issues note: located along major sea lanes of Indian Ocean

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: NA deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: NA years male, NA years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: NA children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: NA% (male NA%, female NA%)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Christmas Island - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: Territory of Christmas Island

Government type: territory of Australia

Capital: The Settlement

Administrative divisions: none (territory of Australia)

Dependent areas

Independence: none (territory of Australia)

National holiday: NA

Constitution: Christmas Island Act of 1958

Legal system: under the authority of the governor general of Australia

International law organization participation



Executive branch: British monarch, governor general of Australia, administrator, Advisory Council (cabinet)

Legislative branch: none

Judicial branch: none

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: none
Diplomatic representation: none (territory of Australia)

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Christmas%20Island: the flag of Australia is used

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Christmas Island - Economy 1992
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Economy overview: Phosphate mining had been the only significant economic activity, but in December 1987 the Australian Government closed the mine as no longer economically viable. Plans have been under way to reopen the mine and also to build a casino and hotel to develop tourism, with a possible opening date during the first half of 1992.
GDP: NA - $NA, per capita $NA; real growth rate NA%

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: NA

Industries: phosphate extraction (near depletion)

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate NA%

Labor force:
NA; all workers are employees of the Phosphate Mining
Company of Christmas Island, Ltd.

Organized labor: NA
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $NA; expenditures $NA, including capital expenditures of $NA

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: 1 July - 30 June

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $NA
Commodoties: phosphate
Partners: Australia, NZ

Imports: $NA
Commodoties: NA
Partners: NA

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Australian dollars ($A) per US$1 - 1.3360 (January 1992), 1.2836 (1991), 1.2799 (1990), 1.2618 (1989), 1.2752 (1988), 1.4267 (1987)

Christmas Island - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 11,000 kW capacity; 30 million kWh produced, 13,170 kWh per capita (1990)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Christmas Island - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Christmas Island - Military 1992
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Christmas Island - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 1 usable with permanent-surface runway 1,220-2,439 m

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Christmas Island - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

Undercover Tourist

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