Statistical information Croatia 1992Croatia

Map of Croatia | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Croatia in the World
Croatia in the World

Qatar Airways

Croatia - Introduction 1992
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Background: In 1918 the Croats Serbs and Slovenes formed a kingdom known after 1929 as Yugoslavia. Following World War II Yugoslavia became an independent communist state under the strong hand of Marshal TITO. Although Croatia declared its independence from Yugoslavia in 1991 bitter fighting ensued with occupying Serb armies.

Croatia - Geography 1992
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Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Total: 56,538 km²
Land: 56,410 km²
Comparative: slightly smaller than West Virginia

Land boundaries: 1,843 km; Bosnia and Hercegovina (east) 751 km, Bosnia and Hercegovina (southeast) 91 km, Hungary 292 km, Serbia and Montenegro 254 km, Slovenia 455 km

Coastline: 5,790 km; mainland 1,778 km, islands 4,012 km

Maritime claims
Contiguous zone: NA nm
Continental shelf: 200-meter depth or to depth of exploitation
Exclusive economic zone: 12 nm
Exclusive fishing zone: 12 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm
Serbian enclaves in eastern Slavonia and along the western
Bosnia and Hercegovinian border; dispute with Slovenia over fishing rights in Adriatic

Climate: Mediterranean and continental; continental climate predominant with hot summers and cold winters; mild winters, dry summers along coast

Terrain: geographically diverse; flat plains along Hungarian border, low mountains and highlands near Adriatic coast, coastline, and islands


Natural resources: oil, some coal, bauxite, low-grade iron ore, calcium, natural asphalt, silica, mica, clays, salt, fruit, livestock
Land use

Land use: 32% arable land; 20% permanent crops; 18% meadows and pastures; 15% forest and woodland; 9% other; includes 5% irrigated

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


Croatia - People 1992
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Population: 4,784,000 (July 1991), growth rate 0.39% (for the period 1981-91)

Nationality: noun - Croat(s; adjective - Croatian

Ethnic groups:
Croat 78%, Serb 12%, Muslims 0.9%, Hungarian 0.5%,
Slovenian 0.5%, others 7.8%

Languages: Serbo-Croatian 96%

Catholic 76.5%, Orthodox 11.1%, Slavic Muslim 1.2%,
Protestant 1.4%, others and unknown 11%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 12.2 births/1000 population (1991)

Death rate: 11.3 deaths/1000 population (1991)

Net migration rate: NA migrants/1000 population (1991)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: air pollution from metallurgical plants; damaged forest; coastal pollution from industrial and domestic waste; subject to frequent and destructive earthquakes
Current issues note:
controls most land routes from Western Europe to Aegean Sea and
Turkish Straits

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 10 deaths/1000 live births (1990)

Life expectancy at birth: 67 years male, 74 years female (1980-82)

Total fertility rate: NA children born/woman (1991)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 96.5% (male 98.6%, female 94.5%) age 10 and over can read and write (1991 census)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Croatia - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: None

Government type: parliamentary democracy

Capital: Zagreb

Administrative divisions: 102 districts (opcine, singular - opcina)

Dependent areas

Independence: June 1991 from Yugoslavia

National holiday: 30 May, Statehood Day (1990)

Constitution: promulgated on 22 December 1990

Legal system: based on civil law system; judicial/no judicial review of legislative acts; does/does not accept compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation


Suffrage: at age 16 if employed, universal at age 18
Parliament: last held May 1990 (next to be held NA); results - HDZ won 205 seats; seats - 349 (total)
President: NA

Executive branch: president, prime minister

Legislative branch: bicameral

Judicial branch: Supreme Court, Constitutional Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: CSCE
Diplomatic representation:
Ambassador Dr. Franc Vinko GOLEM, Office of
Republic of Croatia, 256 Massachusetts Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20,036; telephone (202) 543-5,586

US: Ambassador NA; Embassy at NA (mailing address is APO New York is 9,862); telephone NA

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Croatia: red, white, and blue with Croatian coat of arms (red and white checkered)

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Croatia - Economy 1992
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Economy overview:
Before the political disintegration of Yugoslavia, the republic of Croatia stood next to Slovenia as the most prosperous and industrialized area, with a per capita output roughly comparable to that of
Portugal and perhaps one-third above the Yugoslav average. Serbia and the

Serbdominated army of the old Yugoslavia however have seized Croatian territory and the overriding determinant of Croatia's longterm economic prospects will be the final border settlement. Under the most favorable circumstances Croatia will retain the Dalmatian coast with its major tourist attractions and Slavonia with its oilfields and rich agricultural land. Even so Croatia would face monumental problems stemming from: the legacy of longtime Communist mismanagement of the economy; large foreign debt; damage during the fighting to bridges, factories, powerlines, buildings, and houses; and the disruption of economic ties to Serbia and the other former Yugoslav republics. At the minimum, extensive Western aid and investment, especially in the tourist and oil industries, would seem necessary to salvage a desperate economic situation. However, peace and political stability must come first.
GDP: NA - $26.3 billion, per capita $5,600; real growth rate -25% (1991 est.)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products:
Croatia normally produces a food surplus; most agricultural land in private hands and concentrated in Croat-majority districts in
Slavonia and Istria; much of Slavonia's land has been put out of production by fighting; wheat, corn, sugar beets, sunflowers, alfalfa, and clover are main crops in Slavonia; central Croatian highlands are less fertile but support cereal production, orchards, vineyards, livestock breeding, and dairy farming; coastal areas and offshore islands grow olives, citrus fruits, and vegetables

Industries: chemicals and plastics, machine tools, fabricated metal, electronics, pig iron and rolled steel products, aluminum reduction, paper, wood products (including furniture), building materials (including cement), textiles, shipbuilding, petroleum and petroleum refining, food processing and beverages

Industrial production growth rate: declined as much as 11% in 1990 and probably another 29% in 1991

Labor force: 1,509,489; industry and mining 37%, agriculture 4%, government NA%, other
Organized labor: NA
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 20% (December 1991)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $NA million; expenditures $NA million, including capital expenditures of $NA million

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $2.9 billion (1990)
Commodoties: machinery and transport equipment (30%), other manufacturers (37%), chemicals (11%), food and live animals (9%), raw materials (6.5%), fuels and lubricants (5%)
Partners: principally the other former Yugoslav republics

Imports: $4.4 billion (1990)
Commodoties: machinery and transport equipment (21%), fuels and lubricants (19%), food and live animals (16%), chemicals (14%), manufactured goods (13%), miscellaneous manufactured articles (9%), raw materials (6.5%), beverages and tobacco (1%)
Partners: principally other former Yugoslav republics

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Croatian dinar per US $1 - 60.00 (April 1992)

Croatia - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 3,570,000 kW capacity; 8,830 million kWh produced, 1,855 kWh per capita 1991)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Croatia - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Croatia - Military 1992
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp: $NA, NA% of GDP

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Croatia - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

8 total, NA usable; NA with permanent-surface runways; NA with runways over 3,659 m; 7
with runways 2,440-3,659 m; NA
with runways 1,220-2,439 m; 1
with runways 900 m

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways


Pipelines: crude oil 670 km, petroleum products 20 km, natural gas 310 km



Waterways: 785 km perennially navigable

Merchant marine:
11 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 60,802 GRT/65,560
DWT; includes 1 cargo, 3 roll-on/roll-off, 5 passenger ferries, 2 bulk carriers; note - also controlled by Croatian shipowners are 196 ships (1,000
GRT or over) under flags of convenience - primarily Malta and St. Vincent - totaling 2,593,429 GRT/4,101,119 DWT; includes 91 general cargo, 7 roll-on/ roll-off, 6 refrigerated cargo, 13 container ships, 3 multifunction large load carriers, 52 bulk carriers, 3 passenger ships, 11 petroleum tankers, 4 chemical tankers, 6 service vessels

Civil air: NA major transport aircraft

Ports and terminals

Croatia - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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