Statistical information Cyprus 1992Cyprus

Map of Cyprus | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Cyprus - Introduction 1992
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Background: Independence from the UK was approved in 1960 with constitutional guarantees by the Greek Cypriot majority to the Turkish Cypriot minority. In 1974 a Greek-sponsored attempt to seize the government was met by military intervention from Turkey which soon controlled almost 40% of the island. In 1983 the Turkish-held area declared itself the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus but it is recognized only by Turkey.


Cyprus - Geography 1992
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Location

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 9,250 km²
Land: 9,240 km²
Comparative: about 0.7 times the size of Connecticut

Land boundaries: none

Coastline: 648 km

Maritime claims
Continental shelf: 200 m (depth) or to depth of exploitation
Territorial sea: 12 nm
Disputes: 1974 hostilities divided the island into two de facto autonomous areas - a Greek area controlled by the Cypriot Government (60% of the island's land area) and a Turkish-Cypriot area (35% of the island) that are separated by a narrow UN buffer zone; in addition, there are two UK sovereign base areas (about 5% of the island's land area)

Climate: temperate, Mediterranean with hot, dry summers and cool, wet winters

Terrain: central plain with mountains to north and south

Elevation

Natural resources: copper, pyrites, asbestos, gypsum, timber, salt, marble, clay earth pigment
Land use

Land use: arable land: 40%; permanent crops: 7%; meadows and pastures 10%; forest and woodland 18%; other 25%; includes irrigated 10% (most irrigated lands are in the Turkish-Cypriot area of the island)

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Cyprus - People 1992
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Population: 716,492 (July 1992), growth rate 1.0% (1992)

Nationality: noun - Cypriot(s; adjective - Cypriot

Ethnic groups: Greek 78%; Turkish 18%; other 4%

Languages: Greek, Turkish, English

Religions:
Greek Orthodox 78%, Muslim 18%, Maronite, Armenian,
Apostolic, and other 4%


Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 18 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 8 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: 0 migrants/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: moderate earthquake activity; water resource problems (no natural reservoir catchments, seasonal disparity in rainfall, and most potable resources concentrated in the Turkish-Cypriot area)

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 10 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 74 years male, 78 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 2.4 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 90% (male 96%, female 85%) age 10 and over can read and write (1976)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Cyprus - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Cyprus

Government type:
republic; a disaggregation of the two ethnic communities inhabiting the island began after the outbreak of communal strife in 1963; this separation was further solidified following the Turkish invasion of the island in July 1974, which gave the Turkish Cypriots de facto control in the north; Greek Cypriots control the only internationally recognized government; on 15 November 1983 Turkish Cypriot President Rauf DENKTASH declared independence and the formation of a Turkish Republic of Northern
Cyprus (TRNC), which has been recognized only by Turkey; both sides publicly call for the resolution of intercommunal differences and creation of a new federal system of government


Capital: Nicosia

Administrative divisions:
6 districts; Famagusta, Kyrenia, Larnaca,
Limassol, Nicosia, Paphos


Dependent areas

Independence: 16 August 1960 (from UK)

National holiday: Independence Day, 1 October (15 November is celebrated as Independence Day in the Turkish area)

Constitution:
16 August 1960; negotiations to create the basis for a new or revised constitution to govern the island and to better relations between
Greek and Turkish Cypriots have been held intermittently; in 1975 Turkish
Cypriots created their own Constitution and governing bodies within the
Turkish Federated State of Cyprus, which was renamed the Turkish Republic of
Northern Cyprus in 1983; a new Constitution for the Turkish area passed by referendum in May 1985


Legal system: based on common law, with civil law modifications

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: universal at age 18
President:
last held 14 February and 21 February 1988 (next to be held
February 1993); results - George VASSILIOU 52%, Glafkos KLERIDES 48%

House of Representatives:
last held 19 May 1991; results - DESY 35.8%,
AKEL (Communist) 30.6, DEKO 19.5%, EDEK 10. 9%; others 3.2% seats - (56 total) DESY 20, AKEL (Communist) 18, DEKO 11, EDEK 7

Turkish area total:
President: last held 22 April 1990 (next to be held April 1995); results - Rauf R. DENKTASH 66%, Ismail BOZKURT 32.05%
Assembly of the Republic: last held 6 May 1990 (next to be held May 1995); results - UBP (conservative) 54.4%, DMP 44.4% YKP .9%; seats - (50 total) UBP (conservative) 45, SDP 1, HDP 2, YDP 2; note - by-election of 13 October 1991 was for 12 seats

Communists: about 12,000

Executive branch: president, Council of Ministers (cabinet; note - there is a president, prime minister, and Council of Ministers (cabinet) in the Turkish area

Legislative branch:
unicameral House of Representatives (Vouli
Antiprosopon); note - there is a unicameral Assembly of the Republic (Cumhuriyet Meclisi) in the Turkish area


Judicial branch: Supreme Court; note - there is also a Supreme Court in the Turkish area

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:
C, CCC, CE, CSCE, EBRD, ECE, FAO, G-77, GATT, IAEA, IBRD,
ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, IDA, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC,
IOM, ISO, ITU, NAM, OAS (observer), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL,
WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO; note - the Turkish-Cypriot administered area of
Cyprus has observer status in the OIC

Diplomatic representation: Ambassador Michael E. SHERIFIS; Chancery at 2,211 R Street NW, Washington, DC 20,008; telephone (202) 462-5,772
US: Ambassador Robert E. LAMB; Embassy at the corner of Therissos Street and Dositheos Street, Nicosia (mailing address is APO AE 9,836); telephone 357 (2) 465,151; FAX 357 (2) 459-571

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Cyprus:
white with a copper-colored silhouette of the island (the name
Cyprus is derived from the Greek word for copper) above two green crossed olive branches in the center of the flag; the branches symbolize the hope for peace and reconciliation between the Greek and Turkish communities; note - the Turkish cypriot flag has a horizontal red stripe at the top and bottom with a red crescent and red star on a white field


National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Cyprus - Economy 1992
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Economy overview:
The Greek Cypriot economy is small, diversified, and prosperous. Industry contributes 24% to GDP and employs 35% of the labor force, while the service sector contributes 44% to GDP and employs 45% of the labor force. Rapid growth in exports of agricultural and manufactured products and in tourism have played important roles in the average 6.4% rise in GDP between 1985 and 1990. In mid-1991, the World Bank "graduated" Cyprus off its list of developing countries. In contrast to the bright picture in the south, the Turkish Cypriot economy has less than half the per capita GDP and suffered a series of reverses in 1991. Crippled by the effects of the
Gulf war, the collapse of the fruit-to-electronics conglomerate, Polly Peck,
Ltd., and a drought, the Turkish area in late 1991 asked for a multibillion-dollar grant from Turkey to help ease the burden of the economic crisis. Turkey normally underwrites a substantial portion of the
TRNC economy.

GDP: purchasing power equivalent - Greek area: $5.5 billion, per capita 9,600; real growth rate 6.0%; Turkish area: $600 million, per capita 4,000; real growth rate 5.9% (1990)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 7% of GDP and employs 14% of labor force in the south; major crops - potatoes, vegetables, barley, grapes, olives, and citrus fruits; vegetables and fruit provide 25% of export revenues

Industries: food, beverages, textiles, chemicals, metal products, tourism, wood products

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate 5.6% (1990; accounts for 24% of GDP

Labor force: Greek area - 278,000; services 45%, industry 35%, agriculture 14%; Turkish area - 71,500 (1990); services 21%, industry 30%, agriculture 27%
Organized labor: 156,000 (1985 est.)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: Greek area: 1.8%; Turkish area: 1.2% (1990)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $1.2 billion; expenditures $2.0 billion, including capital expenditures of $250 million (1991)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $847 million (f.o.b., 1990)
Commodoties: citrus, potatoes, grapes, wine, cement, clothing and shoes
Partners: UK 23%, Greece 10%, Lebanon 10%, Germany 5%

Imports: $2.3 billion (f.o.b., 1990)
Commodoties: consumer goods, petroleum and lubricants, food and feed grains, machinery
Partners: UK 13%, Japan 12%, Italy 10%, Germany 9.1%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Cypriot pounds (#C) per US$1 - 0.4683 (March 1992), 0.4615 (1991), 0.4572 (1990), 0.4933 (1989), 0.4663 (1988), 0.4807 (1987; in Turkish area, Turkish liras (TL) per US$1 - 6,098.4 (March 1992), 4,173.9 (1991), 2,608.6 (1990), 2,121.7 (1989), 1,422.3 (1988), 857.2 (1987)


Cyprus - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 620,000 kW capacity; 1,770 million kWh produced, 2,530 kWh per capita (1991)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Cyprus - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Cyprus - Military 1992
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp: exchange rate conversion - $209 million, 5% of GDP (1990 est.)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Cyprus - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports:
14 total, 14 usable; 12 with permanent-surface runways; none
with runways over 3,659 m; 7
with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 3
with runways 1,220-2,439 m


Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine:
1,228 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 20,053,213
GRT/35,647,964 DWT; includes 8 short-sea passenger, 2 passenger-cargo, 440 cargo, 83 refrigerated cargo, 22 roll-on/roll-off, 52 container, 5 multifunction large load carrier, 107 petroleum tanker, 3 specialized tanker, 3 liquefied gas, 20 chemical tanker, 32 combination ore/oil, 394 bulk, 3 vehicle carrier, 49 combination bulk, 2 railcar carrier, 2 passenger, 1 passenger cargo; note - a flag of convenience registry; Cuba owns at least 30 of these ships, republics of the former USSR own 58, Latvia also has 5 ships, Yugoslavia owns 1, and Romania 3

Civil air:
11 major transport aircraft (Greek Cypriots); 2 (Turkish
Cypriots)


Ports and terminals


Cyprus - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


Undercover Tourist


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