Statistical information Denmark 1992Denmark

Map of Denmark | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Denmark in the World
Denmark in the World

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Denmark - Introduction 1992
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Background: Once the seat of rapacious Viking raiders and later a major power in northwestern Europe, Denmark has evolved into a modern, prosperous nation that is participating in the political and economic integration of Europe. So far, however, they have opted out of some aspects of the European Union's Maastricht Treaty.


Denmark - Geography 1992
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Location

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 43,070 km²
Land:
42,370 km²; includes the island of Bornholm in the Baltic Sea and the rest of metropolitan Denmark, but excludes the Faroe Islands and
Greenland

Comparative: slightly more than twice the size of Massachusetts

Land boundaries: 68 km; Germany 68 km

Coastline: 3,379 km

Maritime claims
Contiguous zone: 4 nm
Continental shelf: 200 m (depth) or to depth of exploitation
Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 3 nm
Disputes:
Rockall continental shelf dispute involving Iceland, Ireland, and the UK (Ireland and the UK have signed a boundary agreement in the
Rockall area); Denmark has challenged Norway's maritime claims between
Greenland and Jan Mayen


Climate: temperate; humid and overcast; mild, windy winters and cool summers

Terrain: low and flat to gently rolling plains

Elevation

Natural resources: crude oil, natural gas, fish, salt, limestone
Land use

Land use: arable land: 61%; permanent crops: NEGL%; meadows and pastures 6%; forest and woodland 12%; other 21%; includes irrigated 9%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Denmark - People 1992
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Population: 5,163,955 (July 1992), growth rate 0.2% (1992)

Nationality: noun - Dane(s; adjective - Danish

Ethnic groups: Scandinavian, Eskimo, Faroese, German

Languages:
Danish, Faroese, Greenlandic (an Eskimo dialect); small
German-speaking minority


Religions: Evangelical Lutheran 91%, other Protestant and Roman Catholic 2%, other 7% (1988)

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 13 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 12 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: 1 migrant/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: air and water pollution
Current issues note: controls Danish Straits linking Baltic and North Seas

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 7 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 72 years male, 78 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 1.7 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 99% (male NA%, female NA%) age 15 and over can read and write (1980 est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Denmark - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: Kingdom of Denmark

Government type: constitutional monarchy

Capital: Copenhagen

Administrative divisions:
metropolitan Denmark - 14 counties (amter, singular - amt) and 1 city* (stad); Arhus, Bornholm, Frederiksborg, Fyn,
Kbenhavn, Nordjylland, Ribe, Ringkbing, Roskilde, Snderjylland, Staden
Kbenhavn*, Storstrm, Vejle, Vestsjaelland, Viborg; note - see separate entries for the Faroe Islands and Greenland, which are part of the Danish realm and self-governing administrative divisions


Dependent areas

Independence: became a constitutional monarchy in 1849

National holiday: Birthday of the Queen, 16 April (1940)

Constitution: 5 June 1953

Legal system: civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: universal at age 21
Parliament:
last held 12 December 1990 (next to be held by December 1994); results - Social Democratic Party 37.4%, Conservative Party 16.0%,
Liberal 15.8%, Socialist People's Party 8.3%, Progress Party 6.4%, Center
Democratic Party 5.1%, Radical Liberal Party 3.5%, Christian People's Party 2.3%, other 5.2%; seats - (179 total; includes 2 from Greenland and 2 from the Faroe Islands) Social Democratic 69, Conservative 30, Liberal 29,
Socialist People's 15, Progress Party 12, Center Democratic 9, Radical
Liberal 7, Christian People's 4


Executive branch: monarch, heir apparent, prime minister, Cabinet

Legislative branch: unicameral parliament (Folketing)

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:
AfDB, AG (observer), AsDB, Australia Group, BIS, CCC, CE,
CERN, COCOM, CSCE, EBRD, EC, ECE, EIB, ESA, FAO, G-9, GATT, IADB, IAEA,
IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO, INMARSAT,
INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, LORCS, MTCR, NACC, NATO, NC, NEA,
NIB, NSG, OECD, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNFICYP, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIIMOG,
UNMOGIP, UNTSO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WM, ZC

Diplomatic representation: Ambassador Peter Pedersen DYVIG; Chancery at 3,200 Whitehaven Street NW, Washington, DC 20,008; telephone (202) 234-4,300; there are Danish Consulates General in Chicago, Los Angeles, and New York
US: Ambassador Richard B. STONE; Embassy at Dag Hammarskjolds Alle 24, 2,100 Copenhagen O (mailing address is APO AE 9,716); telephone 45 (31) 42-31-44; FAX 45 (35) 43-0223

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Denmark: red with a white cross that extends to the edges of the flag; the vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side, and that design element of the (Danish flag) was subsequently adopted by the other Nordic countries of Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Denmark - Economy 1992
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Economy overview:
This modern economy features high-tech agriculture, up-to-date small-scale and corporate industry, extensive government welfare measures, comfortable living standards, and high dependence on foreign trade. Denmark probably will continue its successful economic recovery in 1992 with tight fiscal and monetary policies and export- oriented growth. Prime Minister
Schluter's main priorities are to maintain a current account surplus in order to pay off extensive external debt and to continue to freeze public-sector expenditures in order to reduce the budget deficit. The rate of growth by 1993 - boosted by increased investment and domestic demand - may be sufficient to start to cut Denmark's high unemployment rate, which is expected to remain at about 11% in 1992. Low inflation, low wage increases, and the current account surplus put Denmark in a good competitive position for the EC's anticipated single market, although Denmark must cut its VAT and income taxes.

GDP: purchasing power equivalent - $91.1 billion, per capita $17,700; real growth rate 2.0% (1991)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 4.5% of GDP and employs 6% of labor force (includes fishing and forestry; farm products account for nearly 15% of export revenues; principal products - meat, dairy, grain, potatoes, rape, sugar beets, fish; self-sufficient in food production

Industries: food processing, machinery and equipment, textiles and clothing, chemical products, electronics, construction, furniture, and other wood products

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate 0% (1991 est.)

Labor force: 2,581,400; private services 36.4%; government services 30.2%; manufacturing and mining 20%; construction 6.8%; agriculture, forestry, and fishing 5.9%; electricity-gas-water 0.7% (1990)
Organized labor: 65% of labor force
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 10.6% (1991)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $44.1 billion; expenditures $50 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA billion (1991 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $37.8 billion (f.o.b., 1991)
Commodoties: meat and meat products, dairy products, transport equipment (shipbuilding), fish, chemicals, industrial machinery
Partners:
EC 54.2% (Germany 22.5%, UK 10.3%, France 5.9%), Sweden 11.5%,
Norway 5.8%, US 5.0%, Japan 3.6% (1991)


Imports: $31.6 billion (c.i.f., 1991)
Commodoties: petroleum, machinery and equipment, chemicals, grain and foodstuffs, textiles, paper
Partners: EC 52.8% (Germany 22.5%, UK 8.1%), Sweden 10.8%, US 6.3% (1991)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Danish kroner (DKr) per US$1 - 6.116 (January 1992), 6.396 (1991), 6.189 (1990), 7.310 (1989), 6.732 (1988), 6.840 (1987)


Denmark - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 11,215,000 kW capacity; 31,000 million kWh produced, 6,030 kWh per capita (1991)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Denmark - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Denmark - Military 1992
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp: exchange rate conversion - $2.5 billion, 2% of GDP (1991)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Denmark - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports:
121 total, 108 usable; 27 with permanent-surface runways; none
with runways over 3,659 m; 9
with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 6
with runways 1,220-2,439 m


Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines: crude oil 110 km; petroleum products 578 km; natural gas 700 km

Railways

Roadways

Waterways: 417 km

Merchant marine:
317 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 5,367,063
GRT/7,921,891 DWT; includes 13 short-sea passenger, 94 cargo, 21 refrigerated cargo, 38 container, 39 roll-on/roll-off, 1 railcar carrier, 42 petroleum tanker, 14 chemical tanker, 33 liquefied gas, 4 livestock carrier, 17 bulk, 1 combination bulk; note - Denmark has created its own internal register, called the Danish International Ship register (DIS); DIS ships do not have to meet Danish manning regulations, and they amount to a flag of convenience within the Danish register; by the end of 1990, 258 of the
Danish-flag ships belonged to the DIS

Civil air: 69 major transport aircraft

Ports and terminals


Denmark - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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