Statistical information Equatorial Guinea 1992Equatorial%20Guinea

Map of Equatorial Guinea | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Equatorial Guinea in the World
Equatorial Guinea in the World

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Equatorial Guinea - Introduction 1992
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Background: Composed of a mainland portion and five inhabited islands Equatorial Guinea has been ruled by ruthless leaders who have badly mismanaged the economy since independence from 190 years of Spanish rule in 1968. The country has nominally been a constitutional democracy since 1991.


Equatorial Guinea - Geography 1992
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Location

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 28,050 km²
Land: 28,050 km²
Comparative: slightly larger than Maryland

Land boundaries: 539 km; Cameroon 189 km, Gabon 350 km

Coastline: 296 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm
Disputes: maritime boundary dispute with Gabon because of disputed sovereignty over islands in Corisco Bay

Climate: tropical; always hot, humid

Terrain: coastal plains rise to interior hills; islands are volcanic

Elevation

Natural resources: timber, crude oil, small unexploited deposits of gold, manganese, uranium
Land use

Land use: arable land: 8%; permanent crops: 4%; meadows and pastures 4%; forest and woodland 51%; other 33%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Equatorial Guinea - People 1992
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Population: 388,799 (July 1992), growth rate 2.6% (1992)

Nationality: noun - Equatorial Guinean(s) or Equatoguinean(s; adjective - Equatorial Guinean or Equatoguinean

Ethnic groups:
indigenous population of Bioko, primarily Bubi, some
Fernandinos; Rio Muni, primarily Fang; less than 1,000 Europeans, mostly
Spanish


Languages: Spanish (official), pidgin English, Fang, Bubi, Ibo

Religions:
natives all nominally Christian and predominantly Roman
Catholic; some pagan practices retained


Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 42 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 15 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: 0 migrants/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: subject to violent windstorms
Current issues note: insular and continental regions rather widely separated

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 107 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 49 years male, 53 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 5.4 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 50% (male 64%, female 37%) age 15 and over can read and write (1990 est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Equatorial Guinea - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Equatorial Guinea

Government type: republic in transition to multiparty democracy

Capital: Malabo

Administrative divisions:
7 provinces (provincias, singular - provincia); Annobon, Bioko Norte, Bioko Sur, Centro Sur, Kie-Ntem, Litoral,
Wele-Nzas


Dependent areas

Independence: 12 October 1968 (from Spain; formerly Spanish Guinea)

National holiday: Independence Day, 12 October (1968)

Constitution: new constitution 17 November 1991

Legal system: partly based on Spanish civil law and tribal custom

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: universal adult at age NA
Chamber of People's Representatives:
last held 10 July 1988 (next to be held 10 July 1993); results - PDGE is the only party; seats - (41 total)
PDGE 41

President: last held 25 June 1989 (next to be held 25 June 1996); results - President Brig. Gen. (Ret.) Teodoro OBIANG NGUEMA MBASOGO was reelected without opposition

Executive branch:
president, prime minister, deputy prime minister,
Council of Ministers (cabinet)


Legislative branch: unicameral House of Representatives of the People (Camara de Representantes del Pueblo)

Judicial branch: Supreme Tribunal

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:
ACP, AfDB, BDEAC, CEEAC, ECA, FAO, FZ, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, IDA,
IFAD, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTERPOL, IOC, ITU, LORCS (associate), NAM, OAS (observer), OAU, UDEAC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO

Diplomatic representation: Ambassador Damaso OBIANG NDONG; Chancery (temporary) 57 Magnolia Avenue, Mount Vernon, NY 10,553; telephone (914) 667-9,664
US: Ambassador John E. BENNETT; Embassy at Calle de Los Ministros, Malabo (mailing address is P.O. Box 597, Malabo); telephone 240 (9) 2,185, 2,406, 2,507; FAX 240 (9) 2,164

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Equatorial%20Guinea:
three equal horizontal bands of green (top), white, and red with a blue isosceles triangle based on the hoist side and the coat of arms centered in the white band; the coat of arms has six yellow six-pointed stars (representing the mainland and five offshore islands) above a gray shield bearing a silk-cotton tree and below which is a scroll with the motto
UNIDAD, PAZ, JUSTICIA (Unity, Peace, Justice)


National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Equatorial Guinea - Economy 1992
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Economy overview:
The economy, destroyed during the regime of former President
Macias NGUEMA, is now based on agriculture, forestry, and fishing, which account for about half of GDP and nearly all exports. Subsistence agriculture predominates, with cocoa, coffee, and wood products providing income, foreign exchange, and government revenues. There is little industry.
Commerce accounts for about 8% of GDP and the construction, public works, and service sectors for about 38%. Undeveloped natural resources include titanium, iron ore, manganese, uranium, and alluvial gold. Oil exploration, taking place under concessions offered to US, French, and Spanish firms, has been moderately successful.

GDP: exchange rate conversion - $156 million, per capita $400; real growth rate 1.6% (1988 est.)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products:
cash crops - timber and coffee from Rio Muni, cocoa from
Bioko; food crops - rice, yams, cassava, bananas, oil palm nuts, manioc, livestock


Industries: fishing, sawmilling

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate - 6.8% (1990 est.)

Labor force: 172,000 (1986 est.); agriculture 66%, services 23%, industry 11% (1980); labor shortages on plantations; 58% of population of working age (1985)
Organized labor: no formal trade unions
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $27 million; expenditures $29 million, including capital expenditures of NA (1990 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $37 million (f.o.b., 1990 est.)
Commodoties: coffee, timber, cocoa beans
Partners: Spain 38.2%, Italy 12.2%, Netherlands 11.4%, FRG 6.9%, Nigeria 12.4 (1988)

Imports: $68.3 million (c.i.f., 1990)
Commodoties: petroleum, food, beverages, clothing, machinery
Partners: France 25.9%, Spain 21.0%, Italy 16%, US 12.8%, Netherlands 8%, Germany 3.1%, Gabon 2.9%, Nigeria 1.8 (1988)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (CFAF) per US$1 - 269.01 (January 1992), 282.11 (1991), 272.26 (1990), 319.01 (1989), 297.85 (1988), 300.54 (1987)


Equatorial Guinea - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 23,000 kW capacity; 60 million kWh produced, 160 kWh per capita (1991)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Equatorial Guinea - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Equatorial Guinea - Military 1992
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp: exchange rate conversion - $NA, NA% of GNP

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Equatorial Guinea - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports:
3 total, 3 usable; 2 with permanent-surface runways; none with runways over 3,659 m; 1
with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 1
with runways 1,220-2,439 m


Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine:
2 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 6,413 GRT/6,699
DWT; includes 1 cargo and 1 passenger-cargo

Civil air: 1 major transport aircraft

Ports and terminals


Equatorial Guinea - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs:
transshipment point for illicit drugs from Central and
Southwest Asia to Western Europe



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