Statistical information Falkland Islands 1992Falkland%20Islands

Map of Falkland Islands | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Falkland Islands in the World
Falkland Islands in the World

Iberostar Hotels

Falkland Islands - Introduction 1992
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Background: Although first sighted by an English navigator in 1592 the first landing (English) did not occur until almost a century later in 1690 and the first settlement (French) was not established until 1764. The colony was turned over to Spain two years later and the islands have since been the subject of a territorial dispute first between Britain and Spain then between Britain and Argentina. The UK asserted its claim to the islands by establishing a naval garrison there in 1833. Argentina invaded the islands on 2 April 1982. The British responded with an expeditionary force that landed seven weeks later and after fierce fighting forced Argentine surrender on 14 June 1982.

Falkland Islands - Geography 1992
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Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Total: 12,170 km²
12,170 km²; includes the two main islands of East and West
Falkland and about 200 small islands

Comparative: slightly smaller than Connecticut

Land boundaries: none

Coastline: 1,288 km

Maritime claims
Continental shelf: 100 meter depth
Exclusive fishing zone: 150 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm
Disputes: administered by the UK, claimed by Argentina

cold marine; strong westerly winds, cloudy, humid; rain occurs on more than half of days in year; occasional snow all year, except in
January and February, but does not accumulate

Terrain: rocky, hilly, mountainous with some boggy, undulating plains


Natural resources: fish and wildlife
Land use

Land use: arable land: 0%; permanent crops: 0%; meadows and pastures 99%; forest and woodland 0%; other 1%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


Falkland Islands - People 1992
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Population: 1,900 (July 1992), growth rate 0.2% (1992)

Nationality: noun - Falkland Islander(s; adjective - Falkland Island

Ethnic groups: almost totally British

Languages: English

primarily Anglican, Roman Catholic, and United Free Church;
Evangelist Church, Jehovah's Witnesses, Lutheran, Seventh-Day Adventist

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: NA births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: NA deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: NA migrants/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: poor soil fertility and a short growing season
Current issues note: deeply indented coast provides good natural harbors

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: NA deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: NA years male, NA years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: NA children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: NA% (male NA%, female NA%) but compulsory education age 5 to 15 (1988)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Falkland Islands - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: Colony of the Falkland Islands

Government type: dependent territory of the UK

Capital: Stanley

Administrative divisions: none (dependent territory of the UK)

Dependent areas

Independence: none (dependent territory of the UK)

National holiday: Liberation Day, 14 June (1982)

Constitution: 3 October 1985

Legal system: English common law

International law organization participation


Suffrage: universal at age 18
Legislative Council: last held 11 October 1989 (next to be held October 1994); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (10 total, 8 elected) number of seats by party NA

Executive branch: British monarch, governor, Executive Council

Legislative branch: unicameral Legislative Council

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ICFTU
Diplomatic representation: none (dependent territory of the UK)

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Falkland%20Islands:
blue with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Falkland Island coat of arms in a white disk centered on the outer half of the flag; the coat of arms contains a white ram (sheep raising is the major economic activity) above the sailing ship Desire (whose crew discovered the islands) with a scroll at the bottom bearing the motto DESIRE

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Falkland Islands - Economy 1992
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Economy overview:
The economy is based on sheep farming, which directly or indirectly employs most of the work force. A few dairy herds are kept to meet domestic consumption of milk and milk products, and crops grown are primarily those for providing winter fodder. Exports feature shipments of high-grade wool to the UK and the sale of postage stamps and coins. Rich stocks of fish in the surrounding waters are not presently exploited by the islanders. So far, efforts to establish a domestic fishing industry have been unsuccessful. In 1987 the government began selling fishing licenses to foreign trawlers operating within the Falklands exclusive fishing zone.
These license fees amount to more than $40 million per year and are a primary source of income for the government. To encourage tourism, the
Falkland Islands Development Corporation has built three lodges for visitors attracted by the abundant wildlife and trout fishing.

GDP: $NA, per capita $NA; real growth rate NA%

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: predominantly sheep farming; small dairy herds; some fodder and vegetable crops

Industries: wool and fish processing

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate NA%

Labor force: 1,100 (est.); agriculture, mostly sheepherding about 95%
Organized labor: Falkland Islands General Employees Union, 400 members
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%; labor shortage

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $62.7 million; expenditures $41.8 million, excluding capital expenditures of $NA (FY90)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: at least $14.7 million
Commodoties: wool, hides and skins, and other
Partners: UK, Netherlands, Japan (1987 est.)

Imports: at least $13.9 million
Commodoties: food, clothing, fuels, and machinery
Partners: UK, Netherlands Antilles (Curacao), Japan (1987 est.)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Falkland pound (#F) per US$1 - 0.5519 (January 1992), 0.5652 (1991), 0.5604 (1990), 0.6099 (1989), 0.5614 (1988), 0.6102 (1987; note - the Falkland pound is at par with the British pound

Falkland Islands - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 9,200 kW capacity; 17 million kWh produced, 8,638 kWh per capita (1991)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Falkland Islands - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Falkland Islands - Military 1992
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Falkland Islands - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

5 total, 5 usable; 2 with permanent-surface runways; none with runways over 3,659 m; 1
with runways 2,440-3,659 m; none
with runways 1,220 to 2,439 m

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Falkland Islands - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

Crystal Travel

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