Statistical information Federated States of Micronesia 1992Federated%20States%20of%20Micronesia

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Federated States of Micronesia in the World
Federated States of Micronesia in the World

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Federated States of Micronesia - Introduction 1992
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Background: In 1979 the Federated States of Micronesia a UN Trust Territory under US administration adopted a constitution. In 1986 independence was attained under a Compact of Free Association with the United States. Present concerns include large-scale unemployment overfishing and overdependence on US aid.


Federated States of Micronesia - Geography 1992
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Location

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 702 km²
Land: 702 km²; includes Pohnpei, Truk, Yap, and Kosrae
Comparative:
slightly less than four times the size of Washington,
DC


Land boundaries: none

Coastline: 6,112 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm
Disputes: none

Climate: tropical; heavy year-round rainfall, especially in the eastern islands; located on southern edge of the typhoon belt with occasional severe damage

Terrain: islands vary geologically from high mountainous islands to low, coral atolls; volcanic outcroppings on Pohnpei, Kosrae, and Truk

Elevation

Natural resources: forests, marine products, deep-seabed minerals
Land use

Land use:
arable land: NA%; permanent crops: NA%; meadows and pastures
NA%; forest and woodland NA%; other NA%


Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Federated States of Micronesia - People 1992
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Population: 114,694 (July 1992), growth rate 3.4% (1992)

Nationality:
noun - Micronesian(s); adjective - Micronesian; Kosrae(s),
Pohnpeian(s), Trukese (singular and plural), Yapese (singular and plural)


Ethnic groups: nine ethnic Micronesian and Polynesian groups

Languages:
English is the official and common language; most indigenous languages fall within the Austronesian language family, the exceptions are the Polynesian languages; major indigenous languages are Trukese, Pohnpeian,
Yapese, and Kosrean


Religions:
predominantly Christian, divided between Roman Catholic and
Protestant; other churches include Assembly of God, Jehovah's Witnesses,
Seventh-Day Adventist, Latter Day Saints, and the Baha'i Faith


Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 29 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 7 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: 12 migrants/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: subject to typhoons from June to December; four major island groups totaling 607 islands
Current issues note:
located 5,150 km west-southwest of Honolulu in the North Pacific
Ocean, about three-quarters of the way between Hawaii and Indonesia


Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 39 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 65 years male, 69 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 4.1 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 90% (male 90%, female 85%) age 15 and over can read and write (1980)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Federated States of Micronesia - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: Federated States of Micronesia (no short-form name)

Government type:
constitutional government in free association with the US; the
Compact of Free Association entered into force 3 November 1986


Capital: Kolonia (on the island of Pohnpei; note - a new capital is being built about 10 km southwest in the Palikir valley

Administrative divisions: 4 states; Kosrae, Pohnpei, Chuuk, Yap

Dependent areas

Independence: 3 November 1986 (from the US-administered UN Trusteeship; formerly the Kosrae, Pohnpei, Truk, and Yap districts of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands)

National holiday:
Proclamation of the Federated States of Micronesia, 10
May (1979)


Constitution: 10 May 1979

Legal system: based on adapted Trust Territory laws, acts of the legislature, municipal, common, and customary laws

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: universal at age 18
Congress: last held on 5 March 1991 (next to be held March 1993); results - percent of vote NA; seats - (14 total)
President:
last held ll May 1991 (next to be held March 1995); results -
President Bailey OLTER elected president; Vice-President Jacob NENA


Executive branch: president, vice president, Cabinet

Legislative branch: unicameral Congress

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ESCAP (associate), ICAO, SPC, SPF, UN, UNCTAD
Diplomatic representation: Ambassador Jesse B. MAREHALAU; Embassy at 1725 N St., NW, Washington, DC 20,036; telephone (202) 223-4,383
US: Ambassador Aurelia BRAZEAL; Embassy at address NA, Kolonia (mailing address is P. O. Box 1286, Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia 96,941); telephone 691-320-2,187; FAX 691-320-2,186

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Federated%20States%20of%20Micronesia: light blue with four white five-pointed stars centered; the stars are arranged in a diamond pattern

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Federated States of Micronesia - Economy 1992
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Economy overview: Economic activity consists primarily of subsistence farming and fishing. The islands have few mineral deposits worth exploiting, except for high-grade phosphate. The potential for a tourist industry exists, but the remoteness of the location and a lack of adequate facilities hinder development. Financial assistance from the US is the primary source of revenue, with the US pledged to spend $1 billion in the islands in the l990s. Geographical isolation and a poorly developed infrastructure are major impediments to long-term growth.
GNP: purchasing power equivalent - $150 million, per capita $1,500; real growth rate NA% (1989 est.); note - GNP numbers reflect US spending

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: mainly a subsistence economy; copra, black pepper; tropical fruits and vegetables, coconuts, cassava, sweet potatoes, pigs, chickens

Industries: tourism, construction, fish processing, craft items from shell, wood, and pearls

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate NA%

Labor force: NA; two-thirds are government employees; 45,000 people are between the ages of 15 and 65
Organized labor: NA
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $165 million; expenditures $115 million, including capital expenditures of $20 million (1988)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: 1 October - 30 September

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $2.3 million (f.o.b., 1988)
Commodoties: copra
Partners: NA

Imports: $67.7 million (c.i.f., 1988)
Commodoties: NA
Partners: NA

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: US currency is used


Federated States of Micronesia - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 18,000 kW capacity; 40 million kWh produced, 380 kWh per capita (1990)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Federated States of Micronesia - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Federated States of Micronesia - Military 1992
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Federated States of Micronesia - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports:
6 total, 5 usable; 4 with permanent-surface runways; none with runways over 2,439 m; 4
with runways 1,220-2,439


Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals


Federated States of Micronesia - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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