Statistical information Fiji 1992Fiji

Map of Fiji | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

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Fiji in the World

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Fiji - Introduction 1992
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Background: Fiji became independent in 1970 after nearly a century as a British colony. Democratic rule was interrupted by two military coups in 1987 caused by concern over a government perceived as dominated by the Indian community (descendants of contract laborers brought to the islands by the British in the 19th century). A 1990 constitution favored native Melanesian control of Fiji but led to heavy Indian emigration; the population loss resulted in economic difficulties but ensured that Melanesians became the majority. Amendments enacted in 1992 made the constitution more equitable. Free and peaceful elections in 1992 resulted in a government led by an Indo-Fijian. Fiji has been a major contributor to UN peacekeeping missions in various parts of the world.

Fiji - Geography 1992
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Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Total: 18,270 km²
Land: 18,270 km²
Comparative: slightly smaller than New Jersey

Land boundaries: none

Coastline: 1,129 km

Maritime claims: (measured from claimed archipelagic baselines)
Continental shelf: 200 m (depth) or to depth of exploitation; rectilinear shelf claim added
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm
Disputes: none

Climate: tropical marine; only slight seasonal temperature variation

Terrain: mostly mountains of volcanic origin


Natural resources: timber, fish, gold, copper; offshore oil potential
Land use

Land use: arable land: 8%; permanent crops: 5%; meadows and pastures 3%; forest and woodland 65%; other 19%; includes irrigated NEGL%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


Fiji - People 1992
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Population: 749,946 (July 1992), growth rate 0.9% (1992)

Nationality: noun - Fijian(s; adjective - Fijian

Ethnic groups:
Indian 49%, Fijian 46%, European, other Pacific
Islanders, overseas Chinese, and other 5%

Languages: English (official; Fijian; Hindustani

Christian 52% (Methodist 37%, Roman Catholic 9%), Hindu 38%,
Muslim 8%, other 2%; note - Fijians are mainly Christian, Indians are Hindu, and there is a Muslim minority (1986)

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 25 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 7 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: -10 migrants/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: subject to hurricanes from November to January; includes 332 islands of which approximately 110 are inhabited
Current issues note: located 2,500 km north of New Zealand in the South Pacific Ocean

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 19 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 62 years male, 67 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 3.0 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 86% (male 90%, female 81%) age 15 and over can read and write (1985 est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Fiji - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Fiji

Government type:
military coup leader Maj. Gen. Sitiveni RABUKA formally declared
Fiji a republic on 6 October 1987

Capital: Suva

Administrative divisions:
4 divisions and 1 dependency*; Central,
Eastern, Northern, Rotuma*, Western

Dependent areas

Independence: 10 October 1970 (from UK)

National holiday: Independence Day, 10 October (1970)

10 October 1970 (suspended 1 October 1987); a new
Constitution was proposed on 23 September 1988 and promulgated on 25 July 1990

Legal system: based on British system

International law organization participation


Suffrage: none
House of Representatives:
last held 14 May 1987 (next to be held 23-29
May 1992); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (70 total, with ethnic Fijians allocated 37 seats, ethnic Indians 27 seats, and independents and other 6 seats) number of seats by party NA

Executive branch:
president, prime minister, Cabinet Great Councils of
Chiefs (highest ranking members of the traditional chiefly system)

Legislative branch: the bicameral Parliament, consisting of an upper house or Senate and a lower house or House of Representatives, was dissolved following the coup of 14 May 1987; the Constitution of 23 September 1988 provides for a bicameral Parliament

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:

Diplomatic representation:
Ambassador Pita Kewa NACUVA; Chancery at
Suite 240, 2,233 Wisconsin Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20,007; telephone (202) 337-8,320; there is a Fijian Consulate in New York

US: Ambassador Evelyn I. H. TEEGEN; Embassy at 31 Loftus Street, Suva (mailing address is P. O. Box 218, Suva); telephone 679 314-466; FAX 679 300-081

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Fiji:
light blue with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Fijian shield centered on the outer half of the flag; the shield depicts a yellow lion above a white field quartered by the cross of
Saint George featuring stalks of sugarcane, a palm tree, bananas, and a white dove

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Fiji - Economy 1992
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Economy overview: Fiji's economy is primarily agricultural, with a large subsistence sector. Sugar exports are a major source of foreign exchange, and sugar processing accounts for one-third of industrial output. Industry, including sugar milling, contributes 13% to GDP. Fiji traditionally had earned considerable sums of hard currency from the 250,000 tourists who visited each year. In 1987, however, after two military coups, the economy went into decline. GDP dropped by 7.8% in 1987 and by another 2.5% in 1988; political uncertainty created a drop in tourism, and the worst drought of the century caused sugar production to fall sharply. In contrast, sugar and tourism turned in strong performances in 1989, and the economy rebounded vigorously. In 1990 the economy received a setback from cyclone Sina, which cut sugar output by an estimated 21%.
GDP: exchange rate conversion - $1.3 billion, per capita $1,700; real growth rate 3.5% (1991 est.)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 23% of GDP; principal cash crop is sugarcane; coconuts, cassava, rice, sweet potatoes, and bananas; small livestock sector includes cattle, pigs, horses, and goats

Industries: sugar, tourism, copra, gold, silver, fishing, clothing, lumber, small cottage industries

Industrial production growth rate:
growth rate 8.4% (1991 est.); accounts for 13% of

Labor force: 235,000; subsistence agriculture 67%, wage earners 18%, salary earners 15% (1987)
Organized labor: about 45,000 employees belong to some 46 trade unions, which are organized along lines of work and ethnic origin (1983)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 5.9% (1991 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $413 million; expenditures $464 million, including capital expenditures of NA (1992 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $646 million (f.o.b., 1991 est.)
Commodoties: sugar 40%, gold, clothing, copra, processed fish, lumber
Partners: EC 31%, Australia 21%, Japan 8%, US 6%

Imports: $840 million (c.i.f., 1991 est.)
Commodoties: machinery and transport equipment 32%, food 15%, petroleum products, consumer goods, chemicals
Partners: Australia 30%, NZ 17%, Japan 13%, EC 6%, US 6%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Fijian dollars (F$) per US$1 - 1.4855 (January 1992), 1.4756 (1991), 1.4809 (1990), 1.4833 (1989), 1.4303 (1988), 1.2439 (1987)

Fiji - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 215,000 kW capacity; 330 million kWh produced, 430 kWh per capita (1990)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Fiji - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Fiji - Military 1992
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp:
exchange rate conversion - $22.4 million, 1.7% of
GDP (FY 91)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Fiji - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

25 total, 22 usable; 2 with permanent-surface runways; none
with runways over 3,659 m; 1
with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 2
with runways 1,220-2,439 m

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways





Waterways: 203 km; 122 km navigable by motorized craft and 200-metric-ton barges

Merchant marine:
7 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 40,072 GRT/47,187
DWT; includes 2 roll-on/roll-off, 2 container, 1 petroleum tanker, 1 chemical tanker, 1 cargo

Civil air: 1 DC-3 and 1 light aircraft

Ports and terminals

Fiji - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

Trusted Tours

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