Statistical information Gabon 1992Gabon

Map of Gabon | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Gabon in the World
Gabon in the World

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Gabon - Introduction 1992
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Background: Gabon has been ruled by autocratic presidents since independence from France in 1960.


Gabon - Geography 1992
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Location

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 267,670 km²
Land: 257,670 km²
Comparative: slightly smaller than Colorado

Land boundaries:
2,551 km; Cameroon 298 km, Congo 1,903 km, Equatorial
Guinea 350 km


Coastline: 885 km

Maritime claims
Contiguous zone: 24 nm
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm
Disputes: maritime boundary dispute with Equatorial Guinea because of disputed sovereignty over islands in Corisco Bay

Climate: tropical; always hot, humid

Terrain: narrow coastal plain; hilly interior; savanna in east and south

Elevation

Natural resources: crude oil, manganese, uranium, gold, timber, iron ore
Land use

Land use: arable land: 1%; permanent crops: 1%; meadows and pastures 18%; forest and woodland 78%; other 2%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Gabon - People 1992
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Population: 1,106,355 (July 1992), growth rate 1.5% (1992)

Nationality: noun - Gabonese (singular and plural; adjective - Gabonese

Ethnic groups:
about 40 Bantu tribes, including four major tribal groupings (Fang, Eshira, Bapounou, Bateke); about 100,000 expatriate
Africans and Europeans, including 27,000 French


Languages:
French (official), Fang, Myene, Bateke, Bapounou/Eschira,
Bandjabi


Religions: Christian 55-75%, Muslim less than 1%, remainder animist

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 29 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 14 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: 0 migrants/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: deforestation

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 100 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 51 years male, 56 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 4.1 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 61% (male 74%, female 48%) age 15 and over can read and write (1990 est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Gabon - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: Gabonese Republic

Government type: republic; multiparty presidential regime (opposition parties legalized 1990)

Capital: Libreville

Administrative divisions:
9 provinces; Estuaire, Haut-Ogooue,
Moyen-Ogooue, Ngounie, Nyanga, Ogooue-Ivindo, Ogooue-Lolo, Ogooue-Maritime,
Woleu-Ntem


Dependent areas

Independence: 17 August 1960 (from France)

National holiday: Renovation Day (Gabonese Democratic Party established), 12 March (1968)

Constitution: 21 February 1961, revised 15 April 1975

Legal system:
based on French civil law system and customary law; judicial review of legislative acts in Constitutional Chamber of the Supreme
Court; compulsory ICJ jurisdiction not accepted


International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: universal at age 21
National Assembly:
last held on 28 October 1990 (next to be held by NA); results - percent of vote NA; seats - (120 total, 111 elected) PDG 62,
National Recovery Movement - Lumberjacks (Morena-Bucherons) 19, PGP 18,
National Recovery Movement (Morena-Original) 7, APSG 6, USG 4, CRP 1, independents 3

President: last held on 9 November 1986 (next to be held December 1993); results - President Omar BONGO was reelected without opposition

Executive branch: president, prime minister, Cabinet

Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly (Assemblee Nationale)

Judicial branch: Supreme Court (Cour Supreme)

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:
ACCT, ACP, AfDB, BDEAC, CCC, CEEAC, ECA, FAO, FZ, G-24, G-77,
GATT, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO, INMARSAT,
INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, ITU, LORCS (associate), NAM, OAU, OIC, OPEC, UDEAC,
UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Diplomatic representation:
Ambassador-designate Alexandre SAMBAT;
Chancery at 2,034 20th Street NW, Washington, DC 20,009; telephone (202) 797-1000

US:
Ambassador Keith L. WAUCHOPE; Embassy at Boulevard de la Mer,
Libreville (mailing address is B. P. 4,000, Libreville); telephone (241) 762,003/4, or 743,492


Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Gabon: three equal horizontal bands of green (top), yellow, and blue

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Gabon - Economy 1992
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Economy overview: The economy, dependent on timber and manganese until the early 1970s, is now dominated by the oil sector. During the period 1981-85, oil accounted for about 46% of GDP, 83% of export earnings, and 65% of government revenues on average. The high oil prices of the early 1980s contributed to a substantial increase in per capita income, stimulated domestic demand, reinforced migration from rural to urban areas, and raised the level of real wages to among the highest in Sub-Saharan Africa. The three-year slide of Gabon's economy, which began with falling oil prices in 1985, was reversed in 1989 because of a near doubling of oil prices over their 1988 lows. In 1990 the economy posted strong growth despite serious strikes, but debt servicing problems are hindering economic advancement. The agricultural and industrial sectors are relatively underdeveloped, except for oil.
GDP: exchange rate conversion - $3.3 billion, per capita $3,090; real growth rate 13% (1990 est.)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 10% of GDP (including fishing and forestry; cash crops - cocoa, coffee, palm oil; livestock not developed; importer of food; small fishing operations provide a catch of about 20,000 metric tons; okoume (a tropical softwood) is the most important timber product

Industries: petroleum, food and beverages, timber, cement, plywood, textiles, mining - manganese, uranium, gold

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate -10% (1988 est.)

Labor force: 120,000 salaried; agriculture 65.0%, industry and commerce 30.0%, services 2.5%, government 2.5%; 58% of population of working age (1983)
Organized labor: there are 38,000 members of the national trade union, the Gabonese Trade Union Confederation (COSYGA)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $1.1 billion; expenditures $1.5 billion, including capital expenditures of $277 million (1990 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $1.16 billion (f.o.b., 1989)
Commodoties: crude oil 70%, manganese 11%, wood 12%, uranium 6%
Partners: France 53%, US 22%, FRG, Japan

Imports: $0.78 billion (c.i.f., 1989)
Commodoties: foodstuffs, chemical products, petroleum products, construction materials, manufactures, machinery
Partners: France 48%, US 2.6%, FRG, Japan, UK

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (CFAF) per US$1 - 269.01 (January 1992), 282.11 (1991), 272.26 (1990), 319.01 (1989), 297.85 (1988), 300.54 (1987)


Gabon - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 315,000 kW capacity; 995 million kWh produced, 920 kWh per capita (1991)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Gabon - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Gabon - Military 1992
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp:
exchange rate conversion - $102 million, 3.2% of
GDP (1990 est.)


Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Gabon - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports:
70 total, 59 usable; 10 with permanent-surface runways; none
with runways over 3,659 m; 2
with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 22
with runways 1,220-2,439 m


Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines: crude oil 270 km; petroleum products 14 km

Railways

Roadways

Waterways: 1,600 km perennially navigable

Merchant marine:
2 cargo ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 18,563
GRT/25,330 DWT

Civil air: 15 major transport aircraft

Ports and terminals


Gabon - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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