Statistical information Georgia 1992Georgia

Map of Georgia | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

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Georgia in the World

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Georgia - Introduction 1992
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Background: Georgia has been beset by ethnic and civil strife since independence in 1991.

Georgia - Geography 1992
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Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Total: 69,700 km²
Land: 69,700 km²
Comparative: slightly larger than South Carolina

Land boundaries: 1,461 km; Armenia 164 km, Azerbaijan 322 km, Russia 723 km, Turkey 252 km

Coastline: 310 km

Maritime claims
Contiguous zone: NA nm
Continental Shelf: NA meter depth
Exclusive economic zone: NA nm
Exclusive fishing zone: NA nm
Territorial sea:
NA nm, Georgian claims unknown; 12 nm in 1973
USSR-Turkish Protocol concerning the sea boundary between the two states in the Black Sea

Disputes: none

Climate: warm and pleasant; Mediterranean-like on Black Sea coast

largely mountainous with Great Caucasus Mountains in the north and Lesser Caucasus Mountains in the south; Colchis lowland opens to the
Black Sea in the west; Kura River Basin in the east; good soils in river valley flood plains, foothills of Colchis lowland


Natural resources: forest lands, hydropower, manganese deposits, iron ores, copper, minor coal and oil deposits; coastal climate and soils allow for important tea and citrus growth
Land use

Land use: NA% arable land; NA% permanent crops; NA% meadows and pastures; NA% forest and woodland; NA% other; includes 200,000 hectares irrigated

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


Georgia - People 1992
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Population: 5,570,978 (July 1992), growth rate 0.8% (1992)

Nationality: noun - Georgian(s; adjective - Georgian

Ethnic groups:
Georgian 68.8%, Armenian 9.0%, Russian Azari 5.1%,
Ossetian 3.2%, Abkhaz 1.7%, other 4.8%

Georgian (official language) 71%, Russian 9%, other 20% -
Armenian 7%, Azerbaijani 6%

Russian Orthodox 10%, Georgian Orthodox 65%, Armenian
Orthodox 8%, Muslim 11%, unknown 6%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 17 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 9 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: 1 migrant/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues:
air pollution, particularly in Rustavi; heavy pollution of
Kura River, Black Sea

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 34 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 67 years male, 75 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 2.2 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: NA% (male NA%, female NA%) age 15 and over can read and write

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Georgia - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Georgia

Government type: republic

Capital: T'bilisi (Tbilisi)

Administrative divisions:
2 autonomous republics (avtomnoy respubliki, singular - avtom respublika); Abkhazia (Sukhumi), Ajaria (Batumi); note - the administrative centers of the autonomous republics are included in parentheses; there are no oblasts - the rayons around T'bilisi are under direct republic jurisdiction; also included is the South Ossetia Autonomous

Dependent areas

9 April 1991 (from Soviet Union); formerly Georgian Soviet
Socialist Republic

National holiday: Independence Day, 9 April 1991

Constitution: adopted NA, effective NA

Legal system: NA

International law organization participation


Suffrage: universal at age 18
Georgian Parliament:
last held November 1990; results - 7-party coalition Round Table - Free Georgia 62%, other 38%; seats - (250) Round
Table - Free Georgia 155, other 95

President: Zviad GAMSAKHURDIYA, 87% of vote

Executive branch:
State Council, chairman of State Council, Council of
Ministers, prime minister

Legislative branch: unicameral Supreme Soviet

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: CSCE, IMF, World Bank
Diplomatic representation:
Ambassador NA, Chancery at NA NW, Washington,
DC 200_; telephone (202) NA

US: Ambassador NA; Embassy at NA (mailing address is APO New York 9,862)

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Georgia: maroon field with small rectangle in upper left corner; rectangle divided horizontally with black on top, white below

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Georgia - Economy 1992
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Economy overview:
Among the former Soviet republics, Georgia is noted for its
Black Sea tourist industry, its large output of citrus fruits and tea, and the amazing diversity of an industrial sector that accounted, however, for less than 2% of the USSR's output. Another salient characteristic of the economy has been a flourishing private sector (compared with the other republics). Almost 30% of the labor force is employed in agriculture and 18% in industry. Mineral resources consist of manganese and copper, and, to a lesser extent, molybdenum, arsenic, tungsten, and mercury. Except for very small quantities of domestic oil, gas, and coal, fuel must be imported from neighboring republics. Oil and its products are delivered by pipeline from
Azerbaijan to the port of Batumi for export and local refining. Gas is supplied in pipelines from Krasnodar and Stavropol'. Georgia is nearly self-sufficient in electric power, thanks to abundant hydropower stations as well as some thermal power stations. The dismantling of central economic controls is being delayed by political factionalism, marked by armed struggles between the elected government and the opposition, and industrial output seems to have fallen more steeply in Georgia in 1991 than in any other of the former Soviet republics. To prevent further economic decline,
Georgia must establish domestic peace and must maintain economic ties to the other former Soviet republics while developing new links to the West.

GDP: purchasing power equivalent - $NA; per capita $NA; real growth rate - 23% (1991)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounted for 97% of former USSR citrus fruits and 93% of former USSR tea; berries and grapes; sugar; vegetables, grains, and potatoes; cattle, pigs, sheep, goats, and poultry

Industries: Heavy industrial products include raw steel, rolled steel, cement, lumber; machine tools, foundry equipment, electric mining locomotives, tower cranes, electric welding equipment, machinery for food preparation, meat packing, dairy, and fishing industries; air-conditioning electric motors up to 100 kW in size, electric motors for cranes, magnetic starters for motors; devices for control of industrial processes; trucks, tractors, and other farm machinery; light industrial products, including cloth, hosiery, and shoes

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate - 19% (1991)

Labor force: 2,834,000; agriculture 29.1% (1988), government NA%, industry 17.8%, other 53.1%
Organized labor: NA
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $NA; expenditures $NA, including capital expenditures of $NA million (1991)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $176 million (f.o.b., 1990)
Commodoties: citrus fruits, tea, other agricultural products; diverse types of machinery; ferrous and nonferrous metals; textiles
Partners: NA

Imports: $1.5 billion (c.i.f., 1990)
Commodoties: machinery and parts, fuel, transport equipment, textiles
Partners: NA

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: NA

Georgia - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 4,575,000 kW capacity; 15,300 million kWh produced, about 2,600 kWh per capita (1991)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Georgia - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Georgia - Military 1992
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp: $NA, NA% of GNP

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Georgia - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

NA total, NA usable; NA with permanent-surface runways; NA
with runways over 3,659 m; NA
with runways 2,440-3,659 m; NA
with runways 1,220-2,439 m

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways


Pipelines: crude oil NA km, refined products NA km, natural gas NA km



Waterways: NA km perennially navigable

Merchant marine:
54 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 715,802
GRT/1,108,068 DWT; includes 16 bulk cargo, 34 oil tanker, 2 chemical tanker, and 2 specialized liquid carrier

Civil air: NA major transport aircraft

Ports and terminals

Georgia - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: illicit producers of cannabis and opium; mostly for domestic consumption; status of government eradication programs unknown; used as transshipment points for illicit drugs to Western Europe


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