Statistical information Gibraltar 1992Gibraltar

Map of Gibraltar | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Gibraltar in the World
Gibraltar in the World

Iberostar Hotels

Gibraltar - Introduction 1992
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Background: Strategically important Gibraltar was ceded to Great Britain by Spain in 1713. In a 1967 referendum Gibraltarians ignored Spanish pressure and voted overwhelmingly to remain a British dependency.

Gibraltar - Geography 1992
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Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Total: 6.5 km²
Land: 6.5 km²
Comparative: about 11 times the size of the Mall in Washington, DC

Land boundaries: 1.2 km; Spain 1.2 km

Coastline: 12 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive fishing zone: 3 nm
Territorial sea: 3 nm
Disputes: source of occasional friction between Spain and the UK

Climate: Mediterranean with mild winters and warm summers

Terrain: a narrow coastal lowland borders The Rock


Natural resources: negligible
Land use

Land use: arable land: 0%; permanent crops: 0%; meadows and pastures 0%; forest and woodland 0%; other 100%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


Gibraltar - People 1992
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Population: 29,651 (July 1992), growth rate 0.1% (1992)

Nationality: noun - Gibraltarian(s; adjective - Gibraltar

Ethnic groups:
mostly Italian, English, Maltese, Portuguese, and
Spanish descent

English and Spanish are primary languages; Italian,
Portuguese, and Russian also spoken; English used in the schools and for official purposes

Religions: Roman Catholic 74%, Protestant 11% (Church of England 8%, other 3%), Moslem 8%, Jewish 2%, none or other 5% (1981)

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 18 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 8 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: - 9 migrants/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: natural freshwater sources are meager, so large water catchments (concrete or natural rock) collect rain water
Current issues note:
strategic location on Strait of Gibraltar that links the North
Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 6 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 72 years male, 79 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 2.5 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: NA% (male NA%, female NA%)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Gibraltar - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: none

Government type: dependent territory of the UK

Capital: Gibraltar

Administrative divisions: none (dependent territory of the UK)

Dependent areas

Independence: none (dependent territory of the UK)

National holiday: Commonwealth Day (second Monday of March)

Constitution: 30 May 1969

Legal system: English law

International law organization participation


Suffrage: universal at age 18, plus other UK subjects resident six months or more
House of Assembly:
last held on 24 March 1988 (next to be held March 1992); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (18 total, 15 elected)

Executive branch:
British monarch, governor, chief minister, Gibraltar
Council, Council of Ministers (cabinet)

Legislative branch: unicameral House of Assembly

Judicial branch: Supreme Court, Court of Appeal

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Gibraltar: two horizontal bands of white (top, double width) and red with a three-towered red castle in the center of the white band; hanging from the castle gate is a gold key centered in the red band

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Gibraltar - Economy 1992
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Economy overview: The economy depends heavily on British defense expenditures, revenue from tourists, fees for services to shipping, and revenues from banking and finance activities. Because more than 70% of the economy is in the public sector, changes in government spending have a major impact on the level of employment. Construction workers are particularly affected when government expenditures are cut.
GNP: exchange rate conversion - $182 million, per capita $4,600; real growth rate 5% (FY87)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: none

Industries: tourism, banking and finance, construction, commerce; support to large UK naval and air bases; transit trade and supply depot in the port; light manufacturing of tobacco, roasted coffee, ice, mineral waters, candy, beer, and canned fish

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate NA%

Labor force: about 14,800 (including non-Gibraltar laborers); UK military establishments and civil government employ nearly 50% of the labor force
Organized labor: over 6,000
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $136 million; expenditures $139 million, including capital expenditures of NA (FY88)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: 1 July - 30 June

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $82 million (f.o.b., 1988)
Commodoties: (principally reexports) petroleum 51%, manufactured goods 41%, other 8%
Partners: UK, Morocco, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain, US, FRG

Imports: $258 million (c.i.f., 1988)
Commodoties: fuels, manufactured goods, and foodstuffs
Partners: UK, Spain, Japan, Netherlands

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Gibraltar pounds (#G) per US$1 - 0.5799 (March 1992), 0.5652 (1991), 0.5603 (1990), 0.6099 (1989), 0.5614 (1988), 0.6102 (1987; note - the Gibraltar pound is at par with the British pound

Gibraltar - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 47,000 kW capacity; 200 million kWh produced, 6,670 kWh per capita (1991)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Gibraltar - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Gibraltar - Military 1992
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Gibraltar - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 1 with permanent-surface runways 1,220-2,439 m

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways


Pipelines: none




Merchant marine:
21 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 795,356
GRT/1,490,737 DWT; includes 5 cargo, 2 refrigerated cargo, 1 container, 6 petroleum tanker, 1 chemical tanker, 6 bulk; note - a flag of convenience registry

Civil air: 1 major transport aircraft

Ports and terminals

Gibraltar - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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