Statistical information Guatemala 1992Guatemala

Map of Guatemala | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Guatemala in the World
Guatemala in the World

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Guatemala - Introduction 1992
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Background: Guatemala was freed of Spanish colonial rule in 1821. During the second half of the 20th century it experienced a variety of military and civilian governments as well as a guerrilla war.


Guatemala - Geography 1992
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Location

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 108,890 km²
Land: 108,430 km²
Comparative: slightly smaller than Tennessee

Land boundaries: 1,687 km; Belize 266 km, El Salvador 203 km, Honduras 256 km, Mexico 962 km

Coastline: 400 km

Maritime claims
Continental shelf: not specific
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm
Disputes: claims Belize, but boundary negotiations to resolve the dispute have begun

Climate: tropical; hot, humid in lowlands; cooler in highlands

Terrain: mostly mountains with narrow coastal plains and rolling limestone plateau (Peten)

Elevation

Natural resources: crude oil, nickel, rare woods, fish, chicle
Land use

Land use: arable land: 12%; permanent crops: 4%; meadows and pastures 12%; forest and woodland 40%; other 32%; includes irrigated 1%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Guatemala - People 1992
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Population: 9,784,275 (July 1992), growth rate 2.4% (1992)

Nationality: noun - Guatemalan(s; adjective - Guatemalan

Ethnic groups: Ladino (mestizo - mixed Indian and European ancestry) 56%, Indian 44%

Languages:
Spanish, but over 40% of the population speaks an Indian language as a primary tongue (18 Indian dialects, including Quiche,
Cakchiquel, Kekchi)


Religions:
predominantly Roman Catholic; also Protestant, traditional
Mayan


Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 34 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 8 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: -2 migrants/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: numerous volcanoes in mountains, with frequent violent earthquakes; Caribbean coast subject to hurricanes and other tropical storms; deforestation; soil erosion; water pollution
Current issues note: no natural harbors on west coast

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 56 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 61 years male, 66 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 4.6 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 55% (male 63%, female 47%) age 15 and over can read and write (1990 est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Guatemala - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Guatemala

Government type: republic

Capital: Guatemala

Administrative divisions:
22 departments (departamentos, singular - departamento); Alta Verapaz, Baja Verapaz, Chimaltenango, Chiquimula, El
Progreso, Escuintla, Guatemala, Huehuetenango, Izabal, Jalapa, Jutiapa,
Peten, Quetzaltenango, Quiche, Retalhuleu, Sacatepequez, San Marcos, Santa
Rosa, Solola, Suchitepequez, Totonicapan, Zacapa


Dependent areas

Independence: 15 September 1821 (from Spain)

National holiday: Independence Day, 15 September (1821)

Constitution: 31 May 1985, effective 14 January 1986

Legal system: civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: universal at age 18
Congress:
last held on 11 November 1990 (next to be held 11 November 1995); results - UCN 25.6%, MAS 24.3%, DCG 17. 5%, PAN 17.3%, MLN 4.8%,
PSD/AP-5 3.6%, PR 2.1%; seats - (116 total) UCN 38, DCG 27, MAS 18, PAN 12,
Pro - Rios Montt 10, MLN 4, PR 1, PSD/AP-5 1, independent 5

President: runoff held on 11 January 1991 (next to be held 11 November 1995); results - Jorge SERRANO Elias (MAS) 68.1%, Jorge CARPIO Nicolle (UCN) 31.9%
Communists:
Guatemalan Labor Party (PGT); main radical left guerrilla groups - Guerrilla Army of the Poor (EGP), Revolutionary Organization of the
People in Arms (ORPA), Rebel Armed Forces (FAR), and PGT dissidents


Executive branch: president, vice president, Council of Ministers (cabinet)

Legislative branch:
unicameral Congress of the Republic (Congreso de la
Republica)


Judicial branch: Supreme Court of Justice (Corte Suprema de Justicia)

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:
BCIE, CACM, CCC, ECLAC, FAO, G-24, G-77, GATT, IADB, IAEA,
IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, IDA, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC,
IOM, ITU, LAES, LAIA, LORCS, OAS, OPANAL, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO,
UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO

Diplomatic representation:
Ambassador Juan Jose CASO-FANJUL; Chancery at 2,220 R Street NW, Washington, DC 20,008; telephone (202) 745-4,952 through 4,954; there are Guatemalan Consulates General in Chicago, Houston, Los
Angeles, Miami, New Orleans, New York, and San Francisco

US:
Ambassador Thomas F. STROOCK; Embassy at 7-01 Avenida de la Reforma,
Zone 10, Guatemala City (mailing address is APO AA 34,024); telephone 502 (2) 31-15-41


Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Guatemala: three equal vertical bands of light blue (hoist side), white, and light blue with the coat of arms centered in the white band; the coat of arms includes a green and red quetzal (the national bird) and a scroll bearing the inscription LIBERTAD 15 DE SEPTIEMBRE DE 1821 (the original date of independence from Spain) all superimposed on a pair of crossed rifles and a pair of crossed swords and framed by a wreath

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Guatemala - Economy 1992
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Economy overview: The economy is based on family and corporate agriculture, which accounts for 26% of GDP, employs about 60% of the labor force, and supplies two-thirds of exports. Manufacturing, predominantly in private hands, accounts for about 18% of GDP and 12% of the labor force. In both 1990 and 1991, the economy grew by 3%, the fourth and fifth consecutive years of mild growth. Inflation at 40% in 1990-91 was more than double the 1987-89 level.
GDP: exchange rate conversion - $11.7 billion, per capita $1,260; real growth rate 3% (1991 est.)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 26% of GDP; most important sector of economy and contributes two-thirds of export earnings; principal crops - sugarcane, corn, bananas, coffee, beans, cardamom; livestock - cattle, sheep, pigs, chickens; food importer

Industries: sugar, textiles and clothing, furniture, chemicals, petroleum, metals, rubber, tourism

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate NA; accounts for 18% of GDP

Labor force: 2,500,000; agriculture 60%, services 13%, manufacturing 12%, commerce 7%, construction 4%, transport 3%, utilities 0.8%, mining 0.4% (1985)
Organized labor: 8% of labor force (1988 est.)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 6.7%, with 30-40% underemployment (1989 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $1.05 billion; expenditures $1.3 billion, including capital expenditures of $270 million (1989 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $1.16 billion (f.o.b., 1990)
Commodoties: coffee 26%, sugar 13%, bananas 7%, beef 2%
Partners: US 39%, El Salvador, Costa Rica, Germany, Honduras

Imports: $1.66 billion (c.i.f., 1990)
Commodoties: fuel and petroleum products, machinery, grain, fertilizers, motor vehicles
Partners: US 40%, Mexico, Venezuela, Japan, Germany

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: free market quetzales (Q) per US$1 - 5.0854 (January 1992), 5.0289 (1991), 2.8161 (1989), 2.6196 (1988), 2.500 (1987; note - black-market rate 2.800 (May 1989)


Guatemala - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 802,600 kW capacity; 2,461 million kWh produced, 266 kWh per capita (1991)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Guatemala - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Guatemala - Military 1992
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp: exchange rate conversion - $113 million, 1% of GDP (1990)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Guatemala - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports:
448 total, 400 usable; 11 with permanent-surface runways; none
with runways over 3,659 m; 3
with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 19
with runways 1,220-2,439 m


Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines: crude oil 275 km

Railways

Roadways

Waterways: 260 km navigable year round; additional 730 km navigable during high-water season

Merchant marine:
1 cargo ship (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 4,129
GRT/6,450 DWT

Civil air: 8 major transport aircraft

Ports and terminals


Guatemala - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: illicit producer of opium poppy and cannabis for the international drug trade; the government has an active eradication program for cannabis and opium poppy; transit country for cocaine shipments


Skytours


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