Statistical information Guinea 1992Guinea

Map of Guinea | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Guinea in the World
Guinea in the World

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Guinea - Introduction 1992
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Background: Independent from France since 1958 Guinea has been under military rule ever since.


Guinea - Geography 1992
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Location

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 245,860 km²
Land: 245,860 km²
Comparative: slightly smaller than Oregon

Land boundaries:
3,399 km; Guinea-Bissau 386 km, Ivory Coast 610 km,
Liberia 563 km, Mali 858 km, Senegal 330 km, Sierra Leone 652 km


Coastline: 320 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm
Disputes: none

Climate:
generally hot and humid; monsoonal-type rainy season (June to
November) with southwesterly winds; dry season (December to May) with northeasterly harmattan winds


Terrain: generally flat coastal plain, hilly to mountainous interior

Elevation

Natural resources: bauxite, iron ore, diamonds, gold, uranium, hydropower, fish
Land use

Land use: arable land: 6%; permanent crops: NEGL%; meadows and pastures 12%; forest and woodland 42%; other 40%; includes irrigated NEGL%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Guinea - People 1992
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Population: 7,783,926 (July 1992), growth rate - 1.5% (1992)

Nationality: noun - Guinean(s; adjective - Guinean

Ethnic groups: Fulani 35%, Malinke 30%, Soussou 20%, small indigenous tribes 15%

Languages: French (official; each tribe has its own language

Religions: Muslim 85%, Christian 8%, indigenous beliefs 7%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 46 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 21 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: -40 migrants/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: hot, dry, dusty harmattan haze may reduce visibility during dry season; deforestation

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 143 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 41 years male, 45 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 6.0 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 24% (male 35%, female 13%) age 15 and over can read and write (1990 est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Guinea - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Guinea

Government type: republic

Capital: Conakry

Administrative divisions:
33 administrative regions (regions administratives, singular - region administrative); Beyla, Boffa, Boke,
Conakry, Coyah, Dabola, Dalaba, Dinguiraye, Faranah, Forecariah, Fria,
Gaoual, Gueckedou, Kankan, Kerouane, Kindia, Kissidougou, Koubia, Koundara,
Kouroussa, Labe, Lelouma, Lola, Macenta, Mali, Mamou, Mandiana, Nzerekore,
Pita, Siguiri, Telimele, Tougue, Yomou


Dependent areas

Independence: 2 October 1958 (from France; formerly French Guinea)

National holiday: Anniversary of the Second Republic, 3 April (1984)

Constitution: 23 December 1990 (Loi Fundamentale)

Legal system: based on French civil law system, customary law, and decree; legal codes currently being revised; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: none

Executive branch:
president, Transitional Committee for National
Recovery (Comite Transitionale de Redressement National or CTRN) replaced the Military Committee for National Recovery (Comite Militaire de
Redressement National or CMRN); Council of Ministers (cabinet)


Legislative branch: People's National Assembly (Assemblee Nationale Populaire) was dissolved after the 3 April 1984 coup;
Note: framework for a new National Assembly established in December 1991 (will have 114 seats)

Judicial branch: Court of Appeal (Cour d'Appel)

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:
ACCT, ACP, AfDB, CEAO, ECA, ECOWAS, FAO, FZ, G-77, IBRD,
ICAO, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, LORCS, NAM, OAU, OIC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU,
WCL, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Diplomatic representation: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires ad interim Ansoumane CAMARA; Chancery at 2,112 Leroy Place NW, Washington, DC 20,008; telephone (202) 483-9,420
US:
Ambassador Dane F. SMITH, Jr.; Embassy at 2nd Boulevard and 9th
Avenue, Conakry (mailing address is B. P. 603, Conakry); telephone (224) 44-15-20 through 24


Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Guinea:
three equal vertical bands of red (hoist side), yellow, and green; uses the popular pan-African colors of Ethiopia; similar to the flag of
Rwanda, which has a large black letter R centered in the yellow band


National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Guinea - Economy 1992
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Economy overview: Although possessing many natural resources and considerable potential for agricultural development, Guinea is one of the poorest countries in the world. The agricultural sector contributes about 40% to GDP and employs more than 80% of the work force, while industry accounts for 27% of GDP. Guinea possesses over 25% of the world's bauxite reserves; exports of bauxite and alumina accounted for about 70% of total exports in 1989.
GDP: exchange rate conversion - $3.0 billion, per capita $410; real growth rate 4.3% (1990 est.)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 40% of GDP (includes fishing and forestry; mostly subsistence farming; principal products - rice, coffee, pineapples, palm kernels, cassava, bananas, sweet potatoes, timber; livestock - cattle, sheep and goats; not self-sufficient in food grains

Industries: bauxite mining, alumina, gold, diamond mining, light manufacturing and agricultural processing industries

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate NA%; accounts for 27% of GDP

Labor force: 2,400,000 (1983); agriculture 82.0%, industry and commerce 11.0%, services 5.4%; 88,112 civil servants (1987); 52% of population of working age (1985)
Organized labor: virtually 100% of wage earners loosely affiliated with the National Confederation of Guinean Workers
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $449 million; expenditures $708 million, including capital expenditures of $361 million (1990 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $788 million (f.o.b., 1990 est.)
Commodoties: alumina, bauxite, diamonds, coffee, pineapples, bananas, palm kernels
Partners: US 33%, EC 33%, USSR and Eastern Europe 20%, Canada

Imports: $692 million (c.i.f., 1990 est.)
Commodoties: petroleum products, metals, machinery, transport equipment, foodstuffs, textiles, and other grain
Partners: US 16%, France, Brazil

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Guinean francs (FG) per US$1 - 675 (1990), 618 (1989), 515 (1988), 440 (1987), 383 (1986)


Guinea - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 113,000 kW capacity; 300 million kWh produced, 40 kWh per capita (1989)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Guinea - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Guinea - Military 1992
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp:
exchange rate conversion - $29 million, 1.2% of
GDP (1988)


Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Guinea - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports:
15 total, 15 usable; 4 with permanent-surface runways; none
with runways over 3,659 m; 3
with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 10
with runways 1,220-2,439 m


Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways: 1,295 km navigable by shallow-draft native craft

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals


Guinea - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs




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