Statistical information Guinea-Bissau 1992Guinea-Bissau

Map of Guinea-Bissau | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Guinea-Bissau in the World
Guinea-Bissau in the World


Guinea-Bissau - Introduction 1992
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Background: Guinea-Bissau became independent from Portugal in 1974. It has been ruled by the military ever since.

Guinea-Bissau - Geography 1992
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Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Total: 36,120 km²
Land: 28,000 km²
Comparative: slightly less than three times the size of Connecticut

Land boundaries: 724 km; Guinea 386, Senegal 338 km

Coastline: 350 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm
Disputes: the International Court of Justice (ICJ) on 12 November 1991 rendered its decision on the Guinea-Bissau/Senegal maritime boundary in favor of Senegal

Climate: tropical; generally hot and humid; monsoon-type rainy season (June to November) with southwesterly winds; dry season (December to May) with northeasterly harmattan winds

Terrain: mostly low coastal plain rising to savanna in east


Natural resources: unexploited deposits of petroleum, bauxite, phosphates; fish, timber
Land use

Land use: arable land: 11%; permanent crops: 1%; meadows and pastures 43%; forest and woodland 38%; other 7%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


Guinea-Bissau - People 1992
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Population: 1,047,137 (July 1992), growth rate 2.4% (1992)

Nationality: noun - Guinea-Bissauan(s; adjective - Guinea-Bissauan

Ethnic groups:
African about 99% (Balanta 30%, Fula 20%, Manjaca 14%,
Mandinga 13%, Papel 7%); European and mulatto less than 1%

Languages: Portuguese (official; Criolo and numerous African languages

Religions: indigenous beliefs 65%, Muslim 30%, Christian 5%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 42 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 18 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: 0 migrants/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: hot, dry, dusty harmattan haze may reduce visibility during dry season

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 124 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 45 years male, 48 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 5.7 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 36% (male 50%, female 24%) age 15 and over can read and write (1990 est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Guinea-Bissau - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Guinea-Bissau

Government type:
republic; highly centralized multiparty since mid-1991; the
African Party for the Independence of Guinea-Bissau and Cape Verde (PAIGC) held an extraordinary party congress in December 1990 and established a two-year transition program during which the constitution will be revised, allowing for multiple political parties and a presidential election in 1993

Capital: Bissau

Administrative divisions:
9 regions (regioes, singular - regiao);
Bafata, Biombo, Bissau, Bolama, Cacheu, Gabu, Oio, Quinara, Tombali

Dependent areas

10 September 1974 (from Portugal; formerly Portuguese

National holiday: Independence Day, 10 September (1974)

Constitution: 16 May 1984

Legal system: NA

International law organization participation


Suffrage: universal at age 15
National People's Assembly:
last held 15 June 1989 (next to be held 15
June 1994); results - PAIGC is the only party; seats - (150 total) PAIGC 150, appointed by Regional Councils

President of Council of State:
last held 19 June 1989 (next to be held
NA 1993); results - Brig. Gen. Joao Bernardo VIEIRA was reelected without opposition by the National People's Assembly

Executive branch: president of the Council of State, vice presidents of the Council of State, Council of State, Council of Ministers (cabinet)

Legislative branch:
unicameral National People's Assembly (Assembleia
Nacional Popular)

Judicial branch:
none; there is a Ministry of Justice in the Council of

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:
ACCT (associate), ACP, AfDB, ECA, ECOWAS, FAO, G-77, IBRD,

Diplomatic representation: Ambassador Alfredo Lopes CABRAL; Chancery at 918 16th Street NW, Mezzanine Suite, Washington, DC 20,006; telephone (202) 872-4,222,
Ambassador William L. JACOBSEN, Jr.; Embassy at 17 Avenida Domingos
Ramos, Bissau (mailing address is 1067 Bissau Codex, Bissau, Guinea-Bissau); telephone 245 20-1139, 20-1145, 20-1113

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Guinea-Bissau: two equal horizontal bands of yellow (top) and green with a vertical red band on the hoist side; there is a black five-pointed star centered in the red band; uses the popular pan-African colors of Ethiopia; similar to the flag of Cape Verde, which has the black star raised above the center of the red band and is framed by two corn stalks and a yellow clam shell

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Guinea-Bissau - Economy 1992
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Economy overview: Guinea-Bissau ranks among the poorest countries in the world, with a per capita GDP below $200. Agriculture and fishing are the main economic activities. Cashew nuts, peanuts, and palm kernels are the primary exports. Exploitation of known mineral deposits is unlikely at present because of a weak infrastructure and the high cost of development. The government's four-year plan (1988-91) has targeted agricultural development as the top priority.
GDP: exchange rate conversion - $162 million, per capita $160; real growth rate 5.0% (1989)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for over 50% of GDP, nearly 100% of exports, and 90% of employment; rice is the staple food; other crops include corn, beans, cassava, cashew nuts, peanuts, palm kernels, and cotton; not self-sufficient in food; fishing and forestry potential not fully exploited

Industries: agricultural processing, beer, soft drinks

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate - 1.0% (1989 est.), accounts for 10% of GDP (1989 est.)

Labor force: 403,000 (est.); agriculture 90%, industry, services, and commerce 5%, government 5%; population of working age 53% (1983)
Organized labor:
only one trade union - the National Union of Workers of
Guinea-Bissau (UNTG)

Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $22.7 million; expenditures $30.8 million, including capital expenditures of $18.0 million (1989 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $14.2 million (f.o.b., 1989 est.)
Commodoties: cashews, fish, peanuts, palm kernels
Partners: Portugal, Senegal, France, The Gambia, Netherlands, Spain

Imports: $68.9 million (f.o.b., 1989 est.)
Commodoties: capital equipment, consumer goods, semiprocessed goods, foods, petroleum
Partners: Portugal, Netherlands, Senegal, USSR, Germany

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Guinea-Bissauan pesos (PG) per US$1 - 1987.2 (1989), 1363.6 (1988), 851.65 (1987), 238.98 (1986)

Guinea-Bissau - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 22,000 kW capacity; 30 million kWh produced, 30 kWh per capita (1991)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Guinea-Bissau - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Guinea-Bissau - Military 1992
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp:
exchange rate conversion - $9.3 million, 5-6% of
GDP (1987)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Guinea-Bissau - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

34 total, 15 usable; 4 with permanent-surface runways; none
with runways over 3,659 m; 1
with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 5
with runways 1,220-2,439 m

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways





Waterways: scattered stretches are important to coastal commerce

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Guinea-Bissau - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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