Statistical information Guyana 1992Guyana

Map of Guyana | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Guyana in the World
Guyana in the World


Guyana - Introduction 1992
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Background: Guyana achieved independence from the UK in 1966 and became a republic in 1970. In 1989 Guyana launched an Economic Recovery Program which marked a dramatic reversal from a state-controlled socialist economy towards a more open free market system. Results through the first decade have proven encouraging.

Guyana - Geography 1992
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Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Total: 214,970 km²
Land: 196,850 km²
Comparative: slightly smaller than Idaho

Land boundaries: 2,462 km; Brazil 1,119 km, Suriname 600 km, Venezuela 743 km

Coastline: 459 km

Maritime claims
Continental shelf: outer edge of continental margin or 200 nm
Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm
all of the area west of the Essequibo River claimed by
Venezuela; Suriname claims area between New (Upper Courantyne) and
Courantyne/Kutari Rivers (all headwaters of the Courantyne)

Climate: tropical; hot, humid, moderated by northeast trade winds; two rainy seasons (May to mid-August, mid-November to mid-January)

Terrain: mostly rolling highlands; low coastal plain; savanna in south


Natural resources: bauxite, gold, diamonds, hardwood timber, shrimp, fish
Land use

Land use: arable land: 3%; permanent crops: NEGL%; meadows and pastures 6%; forest and woodland 83%; other 8%; includes irrigated 1%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


Guyana - People 1992
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Population: 739,431 (July 1992), growth rate - 0.6% (1992)

Nationality: noun - Guyanese (singular and plural; adjective - Guyanese

Ethnic groups:
East Indian 51%, black and mixed 43%, Amerindian 4%,
European and Chinese 2%

Languages: English, Amerindian dialects

Religions: Christian 57%, Hindu 33%, Muslim 9%, other 1%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 21 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 7 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: -20 migrants/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: flash floods a constant threat during rainy seasons; water pollution

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 50 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 61 years male, 68 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 2.4 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 95% (male 98%, female 96%) age 15 and over having ever attended school (1990 est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Guyana - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: Co-operative Republic of Guyana

Government type: republic

Capital: Georgetown

Administrative divisions:
10 regions; Barima-Waini, Cuyuni-Mazaruni,
Demerara-Mahaica, East Berbice-Corentyne, Essequibo Islands-West Demerara,
Mahaica-Berbice, Pomeroon-Supenaam, Potaro-Siparuni, Upper Demerara-Berbice,
Upper Takutu-Upper Essequibo

Dependent areas

Independence: 26 May 1966 (from UK; formerly British Guiana)

National holiday: Republic Day, 23 February (1970)

Constitution: 6 October 1980

Legal system:
based on English common law with certain admixtures of
Roman-Dutch law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation


Suffrage: universal at age 18
Executive President: last held on 9 December 1985 (next to be held 1992); results - Hugh Desmond HOYTE was elected president since he was leader of the party with the most votes in the National Assembly elections
National Assembly: last held on 9 December 1985 (next to be held mid-1992); results - PNC 78%, PPP 16%, UF 4%, WPA 2%; seats - (65 total, 53 elected) PNC 42, PPP 8, UF 2, WPA 1

Executive branch: executive president, first vice president, prime minister, first deputy prime minister, Cabinet

Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly

Judicial branch: Supreme Court of Judicature

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:

Diplomatic representation: Ambassador Dr. Cedric Hilburn GRANT; Chancery at 2,490 Tracy Place NW, Washington, DC 20,008; telephone (202) 265-6,900; there is a Guyanese Consulate General in New York
Ambassador George JONES; Embassy at 99-100 Young and Duke Streets,
Georgetown; telephone 592 (2) 54,900 through 54,909

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Guyana: green with a red isosceles triangle (based on the hoist side) superimposed on a long yellow arrowhead; there is a narrow black border between the red and yellow, and a narrow white border between the yellow and the green

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Guyana - Economy 1992
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Economy overview:
Guyana is one of the world's poorest countries with a per capita income less than one-fifth the South American average. After growing on average at less than 1% a year in 1986-87, GDP dropped by 5% a year in 1988-90. The decline resulted from bad weather, labor trouble in the canefields, and flooding and equipment problems in the bauxite industry.
Consumer prices rose about 100% in 1989 and 75% in 1990, and the current account deficit widened substantially as sugar and bauxite exports fell.
Moreover, electric power is in short supply and constitutes a major barrier to future gains in national output. The government, in association with international financial agencies, seeks to reduce its payment arrears and to raise new funds. The government's stabilization program - aimed at establishing realistic exchange rates, reasonable price stability, and a resumption of growth - requires considerable public administrative abilities and continued patience by consumers during a long incubation period. In 1991, buoyed by a recovery in mining and agriculture, the economy posted 6% growth, according to official figures. A large volume of illegal and quasi- legal economic activity is not captured in estimates of the country's total output.

GDP: exchange rate conversion - $250 million, per capita $300; real growth rate 6% (1991 est.)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: most important sector, accounting for 24% of GDP and about half of exports; sugar and rice are key crops; development potential exists for fishing and forestry; not self-sufficient in food, especially wheat, vegetable oils, and animal products

Industries: bauxite mining, sugar, rice milling, timber, fishing (shrimp), textiles, gold mining

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate - 12.0% (1990 est.), accounts for about 11% of GDP

Labor force: 268,000; industry and commerce 44.5%, agriculture 33.8%, services 21.7%; public-sector employment amounts to 60-80% of the total labor force (1985)
Organized labor: 34% of labor force
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 12-15% (1990 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $126 million; expenditures $250 million (1990 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $189 million (f.o.b., 1990 est.)
Commodoties: bauxite, sugar, gold, rice, shrimp, molasses, timber, rum
Partners: UK 31%, US 23%, CARICOM 7%, Canada 6% (1988)

Imports: $246 million (c.i.f., 1991)
Commodoties: manufactures, machinery, food, petroleum
Partners: US 33%, CARICOM 10%, UK 9%, Canada 2% (1989)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Guyanese dollars (G$) per US$1 - 124.1 (March 1992) 111.8 (1991), 39.533 (1990), 27.159 (1989), 10.000 (1988), 9.756 (1987)

Guyana - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 252,500 kW capacity; 647 million kWh produced, 863 kWh per capita (1991)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Guyana - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Guyana - Military 1992
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp: exchange rate conversion - $5.5 million, 6% of GDP (1989 est.)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Guyana - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

54 total, 49 usable; 5 with permanent-surface runways; none
with runways over 3,659 m; none
with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 13
with runways 1,220-2,439 m

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways





6,000 km total of navigable waterways; Berbice,
Demerara, and Essequibo Rivers are navigable by oceangoing vessels for 150 km, 100 km, and 80 km, respectively

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Guyana - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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