Statistical information Holy See 1992Holy%20See

Map of Holy See | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Holy See in the World
Holy See in the World


Holy See - Introduction 1992
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Background: Popes in their secular role ruled much of the Italian peninsula, including Rome, for about a thousand years, until 1870. A dispute between a series of popes and Italy was settled in 1929 by treaties that recognized the Vatican City as an independent sovereignty and gave Roman Catholicism special status in Italy. The US established formal diplomatic relationships with the Vatican in 1984. Present issues in the Vatican concern the ill health of Pope John Paul II, who turned 72 on 20 May 1992, inter-religious dialogue and reconciliation, and the adjustment of church doctrine in an era of rapid change. About 1 billion people worldwide profess the Roman Catholic faith.

Holy See - Geography 1992
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Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Total: 0.438 km²
Land: 0.438 km²
Comparative: about 0.7 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC

Land boundaries: 3.2 km; Italy 3.2 km

Coastline: none - landlocked

Maritime claims: none - landlocked
Disputes: none

Climate: temperate; mild, rainy winters (September to mid-May) with hot, dry summers (May to September)

Terrain: low hill


Natural resources: none
Land use

Land use: arable land: 0%; permanent crops: 0%; meadows and pastures 0%; forest and woodland 0%; other 100%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


Holy See - People 1992
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Population: 802 (July 1992), growth rate 1.2% (1992)

Nationality: no noun or adjectival forms

Ethnic groups: primarily Italians but also Swiss and other nationalities

Languages: Italian, Latin, and various other languages

Religions: Roman Catholic

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate

Death rate

Net migration rate

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: urban
Current issues note: landlocked; enclave of Rome, Italy; world's smallest state; outside the Vatican City, 13 buildings in Rome and Castel Gandolfo (the pope's summer residence) enjoy extraterritorial rights

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate

Life expectancy at birth

Total fertility rate

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 100% (male NA%, female NA%)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Holy See - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form:
State of the Vatican City; note - the Vatican City is the physical seat of the Holy See, which is the central government of the
Roman Catholic Church

Government type: monarchical-sacerdotal state

Capital: Vatican City

Administrative divisions

Dependent areas

Independence: 11 February 1929 (from Italy)

National holiday:
Installation Day of the Pope (John Paul II), 22
October (1978); note - Pope John Paul II was elected on 16 October 1978

Constitution: Apostolic Constitution of 1967 (effective 1 March 1968)

Legal system

International law organization participation


Suffrage: limited to cardinals less than 80 years old
last held 16 October 1978 (next to be held after the death of the current pope); results - Karol WOJTYA was elected for life by the College of

Executive branch: pope

Legislative branch: unicameral Pontifical Commission

Judicial branch: none; normally handled by Italy

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:
CSCE, IAEA, ICFTU, IMF (observer), INTELSAT, IOM (observer),
ITU, OAS (observer), UN (observer), UNCTAD, UNHCR, UPU, WIPO, WTO (observer)

Diplomatic representation:
Apostolic Pro-Nuncio Archbishop Agostino
CACCIAVILLAN; 3,339 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20,008; telephone (202) 333-7,121

US: Ambassador Thomas P. MELADY; Embassy at Villino Pacelli, Via Aurelia 294, 00165 Rome (mailing address is APO AE 9,624); telephone 396 639-0558

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Holy%20See: two vertical bands of yellow (hoist side) and white with the crossed keys of Saint Peter and the papal tiara centered in the white band

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Holy See - Economy 1992
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Economy overview: This unique, noncommercial economy is supported financially by contributions (known as Peter's Pence) from Roman Catholics throughout the world, the sale of postage stamps and tourist mementos, fees for admission to museums, and the sale of publications. The incomes and living standards of lay workers are comparable to, or somewhat better than, those of counterparts who work in the city of Rome.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products

Industries: printing and production of a small amount of mosaics and staff uniforms; worldwide banking and financial activities

Industrial production growth rate

Labor force: high dignitaries, priests, nuns, guards, and 3,000 lay workers who live outside the Vatican
Organized labor: Association of Vatican Lay Workers, 1,800 members (1987)
Labor force

Unemployment rate

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $92 million; expenditures $178 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (1992)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance



Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Vatican lire (VLit) per US$1 - 1,248.4 (March 1992), 1,240.6 (1991), 1,198.1 (1990), 1,372.1 (1989), 1,301.6 (1988), 1,296.1 (1987; note - the Vatican lira is at par with the Italian lira which circulates freely

Holy See - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 5,000 kW standby capacity (1990; power supplied by Italy

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Holy See - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Holy See - Military 1992
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Holy See - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix


Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Holy See - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

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