Statistical information Hong Kong 1992Hong%20Kong

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Hong Kong - Introduction 1992
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Background: Pursuant to the agreement signed by China and the UK on 19 December 1984, Hong Kong will become a special administrative region of China on 1 July 1997. Under the terms of this agreement, China has promised that Hong Kong shall enjoy a high degree of autonomy in all matters except foreign and defense affairs.

Hong Kong - Geography 1992
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Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Total: 1,040 km²
Land: 990 km²
Comparative: slightly less than six times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries: 30 km; China 30 km

Coastline: 733 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive fishing zone: 3 nm
Territorial sea: 3 nm
Disputes: none

Climate: tropical monsoon; cool and humid in winter, hot and rainy from spring through summer, warm and sunny in fall

Terrain: hilly to mountainous with steep slopes; lowlands in north


Natural resources: outstanding deepwater harbor, feldspar
Land use

Land use: arable land: 7%; permanent crops: 1%; meadows and pastures 1%; forest and woodland 12%; other 79%; includes irrigated 3%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


Hong Kong - People 1992
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Population: 5,889,095 (July 1992), growth rate 0.6% (1992)

Nationality: adjective - Hong Kong

Ethnic groups: Chinese 98%, other 2%

Languages: Chinese (Cantonese), English

Religions: eclectic mixture of local religions 90%, Christian 10%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 13 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 5 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: - 2 migrants/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: more than 200 islands; occasional typhoons

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 7 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 76 years male, 83 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 1.4 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 77% (male 90%, female 64%) age 15 and over having ever attended school (1971)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Hong Kong - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: none; abbreviated HK

Government type: dependent territory of the UK; scheduled to revert to China in 1997

Capital: Victoria

Administrative divisions: none (dependent territory of the UK)

Dependent areas

none (dependent territory of the UK); the UK signed an agreement with China on 19 December 1984 to return Hong Kong to China on 1
July 1997; in the joint declaration, China promises to respect Hong Kong's existing social and economic systems and lifestyle for 50 years after transition

National holiday: Liberation Day, 29 August (1945)

Constitution: unwritten; partly statutes, partly common law and practice; new Basic Law approved in March 1990 in preparation for 1997

Legal system: based on English common law

International law organization participation


Suffrage: direct election - universal at age 21 as a permanent resident living in the territory of Hong Kong for the past seven years; indirect election - limited to about 100,000 professionals of electoral college and functional constituencies
Legislative Council:
indirect elections last held 12 September 1991 and direct elections were held 15 September 1991 (next to be held for the first time in September 1995); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (60 total; 21 indirectly elected by functional constituencies, 18 directly elected, 18 appointed by governor, 3 ex officio members); indirect elections - number of seats by functional constituency NA; direct elections - UDHK 12,
Meeting Point 3, ADPL 1, other 2

Communists: 5,000 (est.) cadres affiliated with Communist Party of China

Executive branch:
British monarch, governor, chief secretary of the
Executive Council

Legislative branch: Legislative Council

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: APEC, AsDB, CCC, ESCAP (associate), GATT, ICFTU, IMO (associate), IOC, ISO (correspondent), WCL, WMO
Diplomatic representation: as a dependent territory of the UK, the interests of Hong Kong in the US are represented by the UK
Consul General Richard L. WILLIAMS; Consulate General at 26 Garden
Road, Hong Kong (mailing address is Box 30, Hong Kong, or FPO AP 96,522-0002); telephone 852 239-011

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Hong%20Kong: blue with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant with the Hong Kong coat of arms on a white disk centered on the outer half of the flag; the coat of arms contains a shield (bearing two junks below a crown) held by a lion (representing the UK) and a dragon (representing China) with another lion above the shield and a banner bearing the words HONG KONG below the shield

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Hong Kong - Economy 1992
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Economy overview:
Hong Kong has a bustling free market economy with few tariffs or nontariff barriers. Natural resources are limited, and food and raw materials must be imported. Manufacturing accounts for about 18% of GDP, employs 28% of the labor force, and exports about 90% of its output. Real
GDP growth averaged a remarkable 8% in 1987-88, then slowed to 2.5-3.0% in 1989-90. Unemployment, which has been declining since the mid-1980s, is now about 2%. A shortage of labor continues to put upward pressure on prices and the cost of living. Short-term prospects remain solid so long as major trading partners continue to be reasonably prosperous. The crackdown in
China in 1989-91 casts a shadow over the longer term economic outlook.

GDP: exchange rate conversion - $80.9 billion, per capita $13,800; real growth rate 3.8% (1991 est.)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: minor role in the economy; rice, vegetables, dairy products; less than 20% self-sufficient; shortages of rice, wheat, water

Industries: textiles, clothing, tourism, electronics, plastics, toys, watches, clocks

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate 4% 1991 (est)

Labor force: 2,800,000 (1990); manufacturing 28.5%, wholesale and retail trade, restaurants, and hotels 27.9%, services 17.7%, financing, insurance, and real estate 9.2%, transport and communications 4.5%, construction 2.5%, other 9.7% (1989)
Organized labor: 16% of labor force (1990)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 2.0% (1991 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: $8.8 billion (FY90)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $82.0 billion (f.o.b., 1990), including reexports of $53.1 billion
Commodoties: clothing, textiles, yarn and fabric, footwear, electrical appliances, watches and clocks, toys
Partners: China 25%, US 24%, Germany 7%, Japan 6%, UK 2%, (1990)

Imports: $82.4 billion (c.i.f., 1990)
Commodoties: foodstuffs, transport equipment, raw materials, semimanufactures, petroleum
Partners: China 37%, Japan 16%, Taiwan 9%, US 8% (1990)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Hong Kong dollars (HK$) per US$ - 7.800 (1991), 7.790 (1990), 7.800 (1989), 7.810 (1988), 7.760 (1987; note - linked to the US dollar at the rate of about 7.8 HK$ per 1 US$ since 1985

Hong Kong - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 8,600,000 kW capacity; 25,637 million kWh produced, 4,378 kWh per capita (1991)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Hong Kong - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Hong Kong - Military 1992
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp:
exchange rate conversion - $300 million, 0.5% of
GDP (1989 est.); this represents one-fourth of the total cost of defending itself, the remainder being paid by the UK

Percent of gdp note: defense is the responsibility of the UK

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Hong Kong - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

2 total; 2 usable; 2 with permanent-surface runways; none with runways over 3,659 m; 1
with runways 2,440-3,659 m; none
with runways 1,220-2,439 m

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine:
142 ships (1,000 GRT or over), totaling 5,035,223
GRT/8,598,134 DWT; includes 1 passenger, 1 short-sea passenger, 15 cargo, 5 refrigerated cargo, 26 container, 13 petroleum tanker, 1 chemical tanker, 6 combination ore/oil, 5 liquefied gas, 68 bulk, 1 combination bulk; note - a flag of convenience registry; ships registered in Hong Kong fly the UK flag, and an estimated 500 Hong Kong - owned ships are registered elsewhere

Civil air: 16 major transport aircraft

Ports and terminals

Hong Kong - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: a hub for Southeast Asian heroin trade; transshipment and major financial and money-laundering center

World Nomads

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