Statistical information Jordan 1992Jordan

Map of Jordan | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Jordan in the World
Jordan in the World


Jordan - Introduction 1992
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Background: For most of its history since independence from British administration in 1946 Jordan was ruled by King HUSSEIN (1953-1992). A pragmatic ruler he successfully navigated competing pressures from the major powers (US USSR and UK) various Arab states Israel and a large internal Palestinian population through several wars and coup attempts. In 1989 he resumed parliamentary elections and gradually permitted political liberalization.

Jordan - Geography 1992
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Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Total: 91,880 km²
Land: 91,540 km²
Comparative: slightly smaller than Indiana

Land boundaries: 1,586 km; Iraq 134 km, Israel 238 km, Saudi Arabia 742 km, Syria 375 km, West Bank 97 km

Coastline: 26 km

Maritime claims
Territorial sea: 3 nm
differences with Israel over the location of the 1949
Armistice Line that separates the two countries

Climate: mostly arid desert; rainy season in west (November to April)

mostly desert plateau in east, highland area in west; Great
Rift Valley separates East and West Banks of the Jordan River


Natural resources: phosphates, potash, shale oil
Land use

Land use: arable land: 4%; permanent crops: 0.5%; meadows and pastures 1%; forest and woodland 0.5%; other 94%; includes irrigated 0.5%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


Jordan - People 1992
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Population: 3,557,304 (July 1992), growth rate 4.1% (1992; Palestinians now constitute roughly two-thirds of the population; most are Jordanian citizens

Nationality: noun - Jordanian(s; adjective - Jordanian

Ethnic groups: Arab 98%, Circassian 1%, Armenian 1%

Languages: Arabic (official; English widely understood among upper and middle classes

Religions: Sunni Muslim 92%, Christian 8%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 45 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 5 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: 1 migrant/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: lack of natural water resources; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification
Current issues note:
The war between Israel and the Arab states in June 1967 ended with
Israel in control of the West Bank. As stated in the 1978 Camp David accords and reaffirmed by President Bush's post - Gulf crisis peace initiative, the final status of the West Bank and Gaza Strip, their relationship with their neighbors, and a peace treaty between Israel and Jordan are to be negotiated among the concerned parties. The Camp David accords also specify that these negotiations will resolve the location of the respective boundaries. Pending the completion of this process, it is US policy that the final status of the
West Bank and Gaza Strip has yet to be determined.

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 38 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 70 years male, 73 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 7.0 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 80% (male 89%, female 70%) age 15 and over can read and write (1990 est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Jordan - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan

Government type: constitutional monarchy

Capital: Amman

Administrative divisions:
8 governorates (muhafazat, singular - muhafazah); Al Balqa', Al Karak, Al Mafraq, `Amman, At Tafilah, Az Zarqa',
Irbid, Ma`an

Dependent areas

Independence: 25 May 1946 (from League of Nations mandate under British administration; formerly Transjordan)

National holiday: Independence Day, 25 May (1946)

Constitution: 8 January 1952

Legal system: based on Islamic law and French codes; judicial review of legislative acts in a specially provided High Tribunal; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation


Suffrage: universal at age 20
House of Representatives:
last held 8 November 1989 (next to be held
November 1993); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (80 total)
Muslim Brotherhood (fundamentalist) 22, Independent Islamic bloc (generally traditionalist) 6, Democratic bloc (mostly leftist) 9, Constitutionalist bloc (traditionalist) 17, Nationalist bloc (traditionalist) 16, independent 10

Executive branch: monarch, prime minister, deputy prime minister, Cabinet

Legislative branch: bicameral National Assembly (Majlis al-`Umma) consists of an upper house or House of Notables (Majlis al-A`ayan) and a lower house or House of Representatives (Majlis al-Nuwaab; note - the House of Representatives has been convened and dissolved by the King several times since 1974 and in November 1989 the first parliamentary elections in 22 years were held

Judicial branch: Court of Cassation

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:

Diplomatic representation: Ambassador Hussein A. HAMMAMI; Chancery at 3,504 International Drive NW, Washington, DC 20,008; telephone (202) 966-2,664
US: Ambassador Roger Gram HARRISON; Embassy on Jebel Amman, Amman (mailing address is P. O. Box 354, Amman, or APO AE 9,892); telephone 962 (6) 644-371

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Jordan: three equal horizontal bands of black (top), white, and green with a red isosceles triangle based on the hoist side bearing a small white seven-pointed star; the seven points on the star represent the seven fundamental laws of the Koran

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Jordan - Economy 1992
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Economy overview: Jordan benefited from increased Arab aid during the oil boom of the late 1970s and early 1980s, when its annual GNP growth averaged more than 10%. In the remainder of the 1980s, however, reductions in both Arab aid and worker remittances slowed economic growth to an average of roughly 2% per year. Imports - mainly oil, capital goods, consumer durables, and food - have been outstripping exports, with the difference covered by aid, remittances, and borrowing. In mid-1989, the Jordanian Government began debt-rescheduling negotiations and agreed to implement an IMF program designed to gradually reduce the budget deficit and implement badly needed structural reforms. The Persian Gulf crisis that began in August 1990, however, aggravated Jordan's already serious economic problems, forcing the government to shelve the IMF program, stop most debt payments, and suspend rescheduling negotiations. Aid from Gulf Arab states and worker remittances have plunged, and refugees have flooded the country, straining government resources. Economic recovery is unlikely without substantial foreign aid, debt relief, and economic reform.
GDP: exchange rate conversion - $3.6 billion, per capita $1,100; real growth rate 3% (1991 est.)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for about 7% of GDP; principal products are wheat, barley, citrus fruit, tomatoes, melons, olives; livestock - sheep, goats, poultry; large net importer of food

Industries: phosphate mining, petroleum refining, cement, potash, light manufacturing

Industrial production growth rate:
growth rate 1% (1991 est.); accounts for 20% of

Labor force: 572,000 (1988); agriculture 20%, manufacturing and mining 20% (1987 est.)
Organized labor: about 10% of labor force
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 40% (1991 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $1.7 billion; expenditures $1.9 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (1992)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $1.0 billion (f.o.b., 1991 est.)
Commodoties: phosphates, fertilizers, potash, agricultural products, manufactures
Partners: India, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Indonesia, Ethiopia, UAE, China

Imports: $2.3 billion (c.i.f., 1991 est.)
Commodoties: crude oil, machinery, transport equipment, food, live animals, manufactured goods
Partners: EC, US, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Japan, Turkey

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Jordanian dinars (JD) per US$1 - 0.6861 (March 1992), 0.6807 1991), 0.6636 (1990), 0.5704 (1989), 0.3709 (1988), 0.3387 (1987)

Jordan - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 1,025,000 kW capacity; 3,900 million kWh produced, 1,150 kWh per capita (1991)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Jordan - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Jordan - Military 1992
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp:
exchange rate conversion - $404 million, 9.5% of
GDP (1990)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Jordan - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

19 total, 15 usable; 14 with permanent-surface runways; 1 with runways over 3,659 m; 13
with runways 2,440-3,659 m; none
with runways 1,220-2,439 m

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways


Pipelines: crude oil 209 km




Merchant marine:
2 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 60,378 GRT/113,557
DWT; includes 1 cargo and 1 petroleum tanker

Civil air: 23 major transport aircraft

Ports and terminals

Jordan - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

World Nomads

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