Statistical information Kuwait 1992Kuwait

Map of Kuwait | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Kuwait in the World
Kuwait in the World

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Kuwait - Introduction 1992
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Background: Kuwait was attacked and overrun by Iraq on 2 August 1990. Following several weeks of aerial bombardment a US-led UN coalition began a ground assault on 23 February 1991 that completely liberated Kuwait in four days. Kuwait has spent more than $5 billion dollars to repair oil infrastructure damaged during 1990-91.


Kuwait - Geography 1992
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Location

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 17,820 km²
Land: 17,820 km²
Comparative: slightly smaller than New Jersey

Land boundaries: 462 km; Iraq 240 km, Saudi Arabia 222 km

Coastline: 499 km

Maritime claims
Continental shelf: not specific
Territorial sea: 12 nm
Disputes:
in April 1991 official Iraqi acceptance of UN Security Council
Resolution 687, which demands that Iraq accept the inviolability of the boundary set forth in its 1963 agreement with Kuwait, ending earlier claims to Bubiyan and Warbah Islands or to all of Kuwait; a UN Boundary Demarcation
Commission is demarcating the Iraq-Kuwait boundary persuant to Resolution 687, and, on 17 June 1992, the UN Security Council reaffirmed the finality of the Boundary Demarcation Commission's decisions; ownership of Qaruh and
Umm al Maradim Islands disputed by Saudi Arabia


Climate: dry desert; intensely hot summers; short, cool winters

Terrain: flat to slightly undulating desert plain

Elevation

Natural resources: petroleum, fish, shrimp, natural gas
Land use

Land use: arable land: NEGL%; permanent crops: 0%; meadows and pastures 8%; forest and woodland NEGL%; other 92%; includes irrigated NEGL%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Kuwait - People 1992
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Population: 1,378,613 (July 1992), growth rate NA (1992)

Nationality: noun - Kuwaiti(s; adjective - Kuwaiti

Ethnic groups: Kuwaiti 50%, other Arab 35%, South Asian 9%, Iranian 4%, other 2%

Languages: Arabic (official; English widely spoken

Religions:
Muslim 85% (Shi`a 30%, Sunni 45%, other 10%), Christian,
Hindu, Parsi, and other 15%


Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 32 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 2 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: NA migrants/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: some of world's largest and most sophisticated desalination facilities provide most of water; air and water pollution; desertification
Current issues note: strategic location at head of Persian Gulf

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 14 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 72 years male, 76 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 4.4 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 74% (male 78%, female 69%) age 15 and over can read and write (1985)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Kuwait - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: State of Kuwait

Government type: nominal constitutional monarchy

Capital: Kuwait

Administrative divisions: 5 governorates (mu'hafaz'at, singular - muh'afaz'ah; Al Ah'madi, Al Jahrah, Al Kuwayt, 'Hawalli; Farwaniyah

Dependent areas

Independence: 19 June 1961 (from UK)

National holiday: National Day, 25 February

Constitution:
16 November 1962 (some provisions suspended since 29
August 1962)


Legal system: civil law system with Islamic law significant in personal matters; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: adult males who resided in Kuwait before 1920 and their male descendants at age 21; note - out of all citizens, only 10% are eligible to vote and only 5% actually vote
National Assembly: dissolved 3 July 1986; new elections are scheduled for October 1992

Executive branch: amir, prime minister, deputy prime minister, Council of Ministers (cabinet)

Legislative branch: National Assembly (Majlis al `umma) dissolved 3 July 1986; elections for new Assembly scheduled for October 1992

Judicial branch: High Court of Appeal

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:
ABEDA, AfDB, AFESD, AL, AMF, BDEAC, CAEU, ESCWA, FAO, G-77,
GATT, GCC, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO, INMARSAT,
INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, LORCS, NAM, OAPEC, OIC,
OPEC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WMO, WTO

Diplomatic representation:
Ambassador Shaykh Sa`ud Nasir al-SABAH;
Chancery at 2,940 Tilden Street NW, Washington, DC 20,008; telephone (202) 966-0702

US:
Ambassador Edward (Skip) GNEHM, Jr.; Embassy at Bneid al-Gar (opposite the Kuwait International Hotel), Kuwait City (mailing address is
P.O. Box 77 SAFAT, 13,001 SAFAT, Kuwait; APO AE 9,880); telephone 965 242-4,151 through 4,159; FAX 956 244-2,855


Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Kuwait: three equal horizontal bands of green (top), white, and red with a black trapezoid based on the hoist side

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Kuwait - Economy 1992
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Economy overview:
Up to the invasion by Iraq in August 1990, the oil sector had dominated the economy. Kuwait has the third-largest oil reserves in the world after Saudi Arabia and Iraq. Earnings from hydrocarbons have generated over 90% of both export and government revenues and contributed about 40% to
GDP. Most of the nonoil sector has traditionally been dependent upon oil-derived government revenues. Iraq's destruction of Kuwait's oil industry during the Gulf war has devastated the economy. Iraq destroyed or damaged more than 80% of Kuwait's 950 operating oil wells, as well as sabotaged key surface facilities. Firefighters brought all of the roughly 750 oil well fires and blowouts under control by November 1991. By yearend, production had been brought back to 400,000 barrels per day; it could take two to three years to restore Kuwait's oil production to its prewar level of about 2.0 million barrels per day. Meanwhile, population had been greatly reduced because of the war, from 2.1 million to 1.4 million.

GDP: exchange rate conversion - $8.75 billion, per capita $6,200; real growth rate -50% (1991 est.)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: virtually none; dependent on imports for food; about 75% of potable water must be distilled or imported

Industries: petroleum, petrochemicals, desalination, food processing, building materials, salt, construction

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate 3% (1988; accounts for 52% of GDP

Labor force: 566,000 (1986); services 45.0%, construction 20.0%, trade 12.0%, manufacturing 8.6%, finance and real estate 2.6%, agriculture 1.9%, power and water 1.7%, mining and quarrying 1.4%; 70% of labor force was non-Kuwaiti
Organized labor: labor unions exist in oil industry and among government personnel
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $7.1 billion; expenditures $10.5 billion, including capital expenditures of $3.1 billion (FY88)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: 1 July - 30 June

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $11.4 billion (f.o.b., 1989)
Commodoties: oil 90%
Partners: Japan 19%, Netherlands 9%, US 8%, Pakistan 6%

Imports: $6.6 billion (f.o.b., 1989)
Commodoties: food, construction materials, vehicles and parts, clothing
Partners: US 15%, Japan 12%, FRG 8%, UK 7%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Kuwaiti dinars (KD) per US$1 - 0.2950 (March 1992), 0.2843 (1991), 0.2915 (1990), 0.2937 (1989), 0.2790 (1988), 0.2786 (1987)


Kuwait - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production:
3,100,000 kW available out of 8,290,000 kW capacity due to
Persian Gulf war; 7,300 million kWh produced, 3,311 kWh per capita (1991)


Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Kuwait - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Kuwait - Military 1992
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp:
exchange rate conversion - $9.17 billion, 20.4% of
GDP (1992 budget)


Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Kuwait - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports:
7 total, 4 usable; 4 with permanent-surface runways; none with runways over 3,659 m; 4
with runways 2,440-3,659 m; none
with runways 1,220-2,439 m


Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines: crude oil 877 km; petroleum products 40 km; natural gas 165 km

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine:
29 ships (1,000 GRT or over), totaling 1,196,435
GRT/1,957,216 DWT; includes 2 cargo, 4 livestock carrier, 18 oil tanker, 4 liquefied gas; note - all Kuwaiti ships greater than 1,000 GRT were outside
Kuwaiti waters at the time of the Iraqi invasion; many of these ships transferred to the Liberian flag or to the flags of other Persian Gulf states; only 1 has returned to Kuwaiti flag since the liberation of Kuwait

Civil air: 9 major transport aircraft

Ports and terminals


Kuwait - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


World Nomads


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