Statistical information Kyrgyzstan 1992Kyrgyzstan

Map of Kyrgyzstan | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Kyrgyzstan - Introduction 1992
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Background: A country of incredible natural beauty and proud nomadic traditions, Kyrgyzstan became part of the Russian empire in 1864. In the Czarist and Soviet periods, Russian managers and technicians were sent to Kyrgyzstan and have recently made up more than one-fifth of the population. Many Russians have been returning home since Kyrgyzstan gained its independence in 1991 when the USSR collapsed. Privatization of state-owned enterprises, expansion of democracy and political freedoms, and inter-ethnic relations are current issues.


Kyrgyzstan - Geography 1992
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Location

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 198,500 km²
Land: 191,300 km²
Comparative: slightly smaller than South Dakota

Land boundaries: 3,878 km; China 858 km, Kazakhstan 1,051 km, Tajikistan 870 km, Uzbekistan 1,099 km

Coastline: none - landlocked

Maritime claims: none - landlocked
Disputes:
territorial dispute with Tajikistan on southern boundary in
Isfara Valley area


Climate: dry continental to polar in high Tien Shan; subtropical in south (Fergana Valley)

Terrain: peaks of Tien Shan rise to 7,000 meters, and associated valleys and basins encompass entire nation

Elevation

Natural resources: small amounts of coal, natural gas, oil; also nepheline, rare earth metals, mercury, bismuth, gold, uranium, lead, zinc, hydroelectric power
Land use

Land use: NA% arable land; NA% permanent crops; NA% meadows and pastures; NA% forest and woodland; NA% other; includes NA% irrigated

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Kyrgyzstan - People 1992
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Population: 4,567,875 (July 1992), growth rate 1.9% (1992)

Nationality: noun - Kirghiz(s; adjective - Kirghiz

Ethnic groups: Kirghiz 52%, Russian 21%, Uzbek 13%, other 14%

Languages: Kirghiz (Kyrgyz)

Religions: Muslim 70%, Russian Orthodox NA%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 31 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 8 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: - 8.5 migrants/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: NA

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 56 deaths/1000 live births (1991)

Life expectancy at birth: 62 years male, 71 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 4.0 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: NA% (male NA%, female NA%) age 15 and over can read and write

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Kyrgyzstan - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Kyrgyzstan

Government type: republic

Capital: Bishkek (formerly Frunze)

Administrative divisions:
6 oblasts (oblastey, singular - oblast'); Chu,
Dzhalal-Abad, Issyk-Kul', Naryn, Osh, Talas; note - an oblast has the same name as its administrative center


Dependent areas

Independence:
31 August 1991 (from Soviet Union; formerly Kirghiz Soviet
Socialist Republic)


National holiday: NA

Constitution: adopted NA, effective 20 April 1978, amended 23 September 1989; note - new constitution is being drafted

Legal system: NA

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: universal at age 18
President: last held 12 October 1991 (next to be held NA 1996); results - AKAYEV won in uncontested election with 95% of vote with 90% of electorate voting; note - Republic Supreme Soviet elections held 25 February 1990; presidential elections held first by Supreme Soviet 28 October 1990, then by popular vote 12 October 1991
Supreme Soviet: note - last held 25 February 1990 (next to be held no later than November 1994); results - Commnunists (310) 90%, seats - (350 total)

Executive branch: president, Cabinet of Ministers

Legislative branch: unicameral body or bicameral

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: CIS, CSCE, IMF, UN, UNCTAD
Diplomatic representation: Ambassador NA; Chancery at NW, Washington, DC 200_; telephone (202) NA; there are Consulates General in NA;
US: Charge Ralph Bresler; Interim Chancery at #66 Derzhinskiy Prospekt;
Residence: Hotel Pishpek (mailing address is APO AE 9,862); telephone 8-011-7-3,312-22-22-70

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Kyrgyzstan: red-orange field with yellow sun in center with folk motif medallion inscribed

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Kyrgyzstan - Economy 1992
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Economy overview:
Kyrgyzstan's small economy (less than 1% of the total for the former Soviet Union) is oriented toward agriculture, producing mainly livestock such as goats and sheep, as well as cotton, grain, and tobacco.
Industry, concentrated around Bishkek, produces small quantities of electric motors, livestock feeding equipment, washing machines, furniture, cement, paper, and bricks. Mineral extraction is small, the most important minerals being rare earth metals and gold. Kyrgyzstan is a net importer of most types of food and fuel but is a net exporter of electricity. By early 1991, the
Kirghiz leadership had accelerated reform, primarily by privatizing business and granting life-long tenure to farmers. In 1991 overall industrial and livestock output declined substantially.

GDP: purchasing power equivalent - $NA billion, per capita $NA; real growth rate -5% (1991)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: wool, tobacco, cotton, livestock (sheep and goats) and cattle, vegetables, meat, grapes, fruits and berries, eggs, milk, potatoes

Industries: small machinery, textiles, food-processing industries, cement, shoes, sawn logs, steel, refrigerators, furniture, electric motors, gold, and rare earth metals

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate 0.1% (1991)

Labor force: 1,894,000 (1989); agriculture 33%, other 49%, industry 18%, other NA% (1988)
Organized labor: NA
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $NA million; expenditures $NA million

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $115 million (1990)
Commodoties: wool, chemicals, cotton, ferrous and nonferrous metals, shoes, machinery, tobacco
Partners: Russia 70%, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, and others

Imports: $1.5 million (c.i.f., 1990)
Commodoties: lumber, industrial products, ferrous metals, fuel, machinery, textiles, footwear

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates


Kyrgyzstan - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: NA kW capacity; 13,900 million kWh produced, 3,232 kWh per capita (1991)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Kyrgyzstan - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Kyrgyzstan - Military 1992
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp: $NA, NA% of GDP

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Kyrgyzstan - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: NA

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines: NA

Railways

Roadways

Waterways: NA km perennially navigable

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals


Kyrgyzstan - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: poppy cultivation legal


World Nomads


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