Statistical information Maldives 1992Maldives

Map of Maldives | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Maldives in the World
Maldives in the World

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Maldives - Introduction 1992
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Background: The Maldives were long a sultanate first under Dutch and then under British protection. They became a republic in 1968 three years after independence. Tourism and fishing are being developed on the archipelago.


Maldives - Geography 1992
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Location

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 300 km²
Land: 300 km²
Comparative: slightly more than 1.5 times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries: none

Coastline: 644 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive economic zone: 35-310 nm (defined by geographic coordinates; segment of zone coincides with maritime boundary with India)
Territorial sea: 12 nm
Disputes: none

Climate:
tropical; hot, humid; dry, northeast monsoon (November to
March); rainy, southwest monsoon (June to August)


Terrain: flat with elevations only as high as 2.5 meters

Elevation

Natural resources: fish
Land use

Land use: arable land: 10%; permanent crops: 0%; meadows and pastures 3%; forest and woodland 3%; other 84%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Maldives - People 1992
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Population: 234,371 (July 1992), growth rate 3.7% (1992)

Nationality: noun - Maldivian(s; adjective - Maldivian

Ethnic groups:
Maldivians are a generally homogenous admixture of
Sinhalese, Dravidian, Arab, Austrolasian, and African


Languages:
Divehi (dialect of Sinhala; script derived from Arabic);
English spoken by most government officials


Religions: Sunni Muslim

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 45 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 8 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: 0 migrants/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: 1,200 coral islands grouped into 19 atolls
Current issues note: archipelago of strategic location astride and along major sea lanes in Indian Ocean

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 61 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 62 years male, 64 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 6.5 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 92% (male 92%, female 92%) age 15 and over can read and write (1985)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Maldives - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Maldives

Government type: republic

Capital: Male

Administrative divisions:
19 district (atolls); Aliff, Baa, Daalu,
Faafu, Gaafu Aliff, Gaafu Daalu, Haa Aliff, Haa Daalu, Kaafu, Laamu,
Laviyani, Meemu, Naviyani, Noonu, Raa, Seenu, Shaviyani, Thaa, Waavu


Dependent areas

Independence: 26 July 1965 (from UK)

National holiday: Independence Day, 26 July (1965)

Constitution: 4 June 1964

Legal system: based on Islamic law with admixtures of English common law primarily in commercial matters; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: universal at age 21
Citizens' Council:
last held on 7 December 1989 (next to be held 7
December 1994); results - percent of vote NA; seats - (48 total, 40 elected)

President: last held 23 September 1988 (next to be held September 1994); results - President Maumoon Abdul GAYOOM reelected

Executive branch: president, Cabinet

Legislative branch: unicameral Citizens' Council (Majlis)

Judicial branch: High Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:
AsDB, C, CP, ESCAP, FAO, G-77, GATT, IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IDB,
IFAD, IFC, IMF, IMO, INTERPOL, IOC, ITU, NAM, OIC, SAARC, UN, UNCTAD,
UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WMO, WTO

Diplomatic representation:
Maldives does not maintain an embassy in the
US, but does have a UN mission in New York

US: the US Ambassador to Sri Lanka is accredited to Maldives and makes periodic visits there; US Consular Agency, Midhath Hilmy, Male; telephone 2,581

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Maldives: red with a large green rectangle in the center bearing a vertical white crescent; the closed side of the crescent is on the hoist side of the flag

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Maldives - Economy 1992
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Economy overview:
The economy is based on fishing, tourism, and shipping.
Agriculture is limited to the production of a few subsistence crops that provide only 10% of food requirements. Fishing is the largest industry, employing 25% of the work force and accounting for over 60% of exports; it is also an important source of government revenue. During the 1980s tourism has become one of the most important and highest growth sectors of the economy. In 1988 industry accounted for about 5% of GDP. Real GDP is officially estimated to have increased by about 10% annually during the period 1974-90.

GDP: exchange rate conversion - $174 million, per capita $770 (1988); real growth rate 10.1% (1990 est.)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for almost 30% of GDP (including fishing; fishing more important than farming; limited production of coconuts, corn, sweet potatoes; most staple foods must be imported; fish catch of 67,000 tons (1990 est.)

Industries: fishing and fish processing, tourism, shipping, boat building, some coconut processing, garments, woven mats, coir (rope), handicrafts

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate - 5.0% (1988; accounts for 6% of GDP

Labor force: 66,000 (est.); 25% engaged in fishing industry
Organized labor: none
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NEGL%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $67 million; expenditures $82 million, including capital expenditures of $45 million (1990 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $52.0 million (f.o.b., 1990)
Commodoties: fish 57%, clothing 25%
Partners: US, UK, Sri Lanka

Imports: $128.9 million (c.i.f., 1990)
Commodoties: consumer goods 54%, intermediate and capital goods 33%, petroleum products 13%
Partners: Singapore, Germany, Sri Lanka, India

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: rufiyaa (Rf) per US$1 - 10.234 (January 1992), 10.253 (1991), 9.509 (1990), 9.0408 (1989), 8.7846 (1988), 9.2230 (1987)


Maldives - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 5,000 kW capacity; 11 million kWh produced, 50 kWh per capita (1990)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Maldives - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Maldives - Military 1992
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp:
exchange rate conversion - $1.8 million, NA% of
GDP (1984 est.)


Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Maldives - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 2 with permanent-surface runways 2,440-3,659 m

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine:
13 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 37,293 GRT/56,246
DWT; includes 11 cargo, 1 container, 1 petroleum tanker

Civil air: 1 major transport aircraft

Ports and terminals


Maldives - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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