Statistical information Malta 1992Malta

Map of Malta | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Malta in the World
Malta in the World

Undercover Tourist

Malta - Introduction 1992
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Background: Great Britain formally acquired possession of Malta in 1814. The island staunchly supported the UK through both World Wars and remained in the Commonwealth when it became independent in 1964. A decade later Malta became a republic. Over the last 15 years the island has become a major freight transshipment point financial center and tourist destination. It is an official candidate for EU membership.

Malta - Geography 1992
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Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Total: 320 km²
Land: 320 km²
Comparative: slightly less than twice the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries: none

Coastline: 140 km

Maritime claims
Contiguous zone: 24 nm
Continental shelf: 200 m (depth) or to depth of exploitation
Exclusive fishing zone: 25 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm
Disputes: none

Climate: Mediterranean with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers

Terrain: mostly low, rocky, flat to dissected plains; many coastal cliffs


Natural resources: limestone, salt
Land use

Land use: arable land: 38%; permanent crops: 3%; meadows and pastures 0%; forest and woodland 0%; other 59%; includes irrigated 3%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


Malta - People 1992
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Population: 359,231 (July 1992), growth rate 0.8% (1992)

Nationality: noun - Maltese (singular and plural; adjective - Maltese

Ethnic groups:
mixture of Arab, Sicilian, Norman, Spanish, Italian,

Languages: Maltese and English (official)

Religions: Roman Catholic 98%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 14 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 8 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: 1 migrant/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: numerous bays provide good harbors; fresh water very scarce - increasing reliance on desalination
Current issues note:
strategic location in central Mediterranean, 93 km south of
Sicily, 290 km north of Libya

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 7 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 74 years male, 79 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 2.0 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 84% (male 86%, female 82%) age 15 and over can read and write (1985)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Malta - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Malta

Government type: parliamentary democracy

Capital: Valletta

Administrative divisions: none (administration directly from Valletta)

Dependent areas

Independence: 21 September 1964 (from UK)

National holiday: Independence Day, 21 September

Constitution: 26 April 1974, effective 2 June 1974

Legal system: based on English common law and Roman civil law; has accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations

International law organization participation


Suffrage: universal at age 18
House of Representatives:
last held on 22 February 1992 (next to be held by February 1997); results - NP 51.8%, MLP 46.5%; seats - (usually 65 total)
MLP 36, NP 29; note - additional seats are given to the party with the largest popular vote to ensure a legislative majority; current total 69 (MLP 33, NP 36 after adjustment)

Executive branch:
president, prime minister, deputy prime minister,

Legislative branch: unicameral House of Representatives

Judicial branch: Constitutional Court and Court of Appeal

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:

Diplomatic representation:
Ambassador Albert BORG OLIVIER DE PUGET;
Chancery at 2017 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20,008; telephone (202) 462-3,611 or 3,612; there is a Maltese Consulate General in New York

Ambassador Sally J. NOVETZKE; Embassy at 2nd Floor, Development
House, Saint Anne Street, Floriana, Valletta (mailing address is P. O. Box 535, Valletta); telephone 356 240,424, 240,425, 243,216, 243,217, 243,653, 223,654; FAX same as phone numbers

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Malta: two equal vertical bands of white (hoist side) and red; in the upper hoist-side corner is a representation of the George Cross, edged in red

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Malta - Economy 1992
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Economy overview: Significant resources are limestone, a favorable geographic location, and a productive labor force. Malta produces only about 20% of its food needs, has limited freshwater supplies, and has no domestic energy sources. Consequently, the economy is highly dependent on foreign trade and services. Manufacturing and tourism are the largest contributors to the economy. Manufacturing accounts for about 27% of GDP, with the electronics and textile industries major contributors. In 1990 inflation was held to a low 3.0%. Per capita GDP at $7,000 places Malta in the middle-income range of the world's nations.
GDP: exchange rate conversion - $2.5 billion, per capita $7,000 (1991 est.); real growth rate 5.5% (1990)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 3% of GDP; overall, 20% self-sufficient; main products - potatoes, cauliflower, grapes, wheat, barley, tomatoes, citrus, cut flowers, green peppers, hogs, poultry, eggs; generally adequate supplies of vegetables, poultry, milk, pork products; seasonal or periodic shortages in grain, animal fodder, fruits, other basic foodstuffs

Industries: tourism, electronics, ship repair yard, construction, food manufacturing, textiles, footwear, clothing, beverages, tobacco

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate 19.0% (1990; accounts for 27% of GDP

Labor force: 127,200; government (excluding job corps) 37%, services 26%, manufacturing 22%, training programs 9%, construction 4%, agriculture 2% (1990)
Organized labor: about 40% of labor force
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 3.8% (1990)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $1.3 billion; expenditures $1.3 billion, including capital expenditures of $380 million (1992 plan)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $l.1 billion (f.o.b., 1990)
Commodoties: clothing, textiles, footwear, ships
Partners: Italy 30%, Germany 22%, UK 11%

Imports: $2.0 billion (f.o.b., 1990)
Commodoties: food, petroleum, machinery and semimanufactured goods
Partners: Italy 30%, UK 16%, Germany 13%, US 4%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Maltese liri (LM) per US$1 - 0.3257 (March 1992), 0.3004 (1991), 0.3172 (1990), 0.3483 (1989), 0.3306 (1988), 0.3451 (1987)

Malta - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 328,000 kW capacity; 1,110 million kWh produced, 2,990 kWh per capita (1991)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Malta - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Malta - Military 1992
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp:
exchange rate conversion - $21.9 million, 1.3% of
GDP (1989 est.)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Malta - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 1 with permanent-surface runways 2,440-3,659 m

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine:
658 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 9,003,001
GRT/15,332,287 DWT; includes 3 passenger, 13 short-sea passenger, 241 cargo, 14 container, 2 passenger-cargo, 16 roll-on/roll-off, 2 vehicle carrier, 1 barge carrier, 15 refrigerated cargo, 11 chemical tanker, 12 combination ore/oil, 2 specialized tanker, 3 liquefied gas, 124 petroleum tanker, 176 bulk, 23 combination bulk; note - a flag of convenience registry; China owns 2 ships, former republics of the USSR own 52 ships, Cuba owns 10, Vietnam owns 6, Yugoslavia owns 9, Romania owns 4

Civil air: 7 major transport aircraft

Ports and terminals

Malta - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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