Statistical information Monaco 1992Monaco

Map of Monaco | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Monaco in the World
Monaco in the World

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Monaco - Introduction 1992
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Background: Economic development was spurred in the late 19th century with a railroad linkup to France and the opening of a casino. Since then the principality's mild climate splendid scenery and gambling facilities have made Monaco world famous as a tourist and recreation center.


Monaco - Geography 1992
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Location

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 1.9 km²
Land: 1.9 km²
Comparative:
about three times the size of the Mall in Washington,
DC


Land boundaries: 4.4 km; France 4.4 km

Coastline: 4.1 km

Maritime claims
Territorial sea: 12 nm
Disputes: none

Climate: Mediterranean with mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers

Terrain: hilly, rugged, rocky

Elevation

Natural resources: none
Land use

Land use: arable land: 0%; permanent crops: 0%; meadows and pastures 0%; forest and woodland 0%; other 100%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Monaco - People 1992
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Population: 29,965 (July 1992), growth rate 0.9% (1992)

Nationality:
noun - Monacan(s) or Monegasque(s); adjective - Monacan or
Monegasque


Ethnic groups: French 47%, Monegasque 16%, Italian 16%, other 21%

Languages: French (official), English, Italian, Monegasque

Religions: Roman Catholic 95%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 7 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 7 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: 9 migrants/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: almost entirely urban
Current issues note: second-smallest independent state in world (after Vatican City)

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 8 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 72 years male, 80 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 1.1 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: NA% (male NA%, female NA%)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Monaco - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: Principality of Monaco

Government type: constitutional monarchy

Capital: Monaco

Administrative divisions:
4 quarters (quartiers, singular - quartier);
Fontvieille, La Condamine, Monaco-Ville, Monte-Carlo


Dependent areas

Independence: 1419, rule by the House of Grimaldi

National holiday: National Day, 19 November

Constitution: 17 December 1962

Legal system: based on French law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: universal adult at age 25
National Council:
last held on 24 January 1988 (next to be held 24
January 1993); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (18 total) UND 18


Executive branch: prince, minister of state, Council of Government (cabinet)

Legislative branch: National Council (Conseil National)

Judicial branch: Supreme Tribunal (Tribunal Supreme)

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:
ACCT, CSCE, IAEA, ICAO, IMF (observer), IMO, INMARSAT,
INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, ITU, LORCS, UN (observer), UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU,
WHO, WIPO

Diplomatic representation:
Monaco maintains honorary consulates general in Boston, Chicago, Los Angeles, New Orleans, New York, and San Francisco, and honorary consulates in Dallas, Honolulu, Palm Beach, Philadelphia, and
Washington

US:
no mission in Monaco, but the US Consul General in Marseille,
France, is accredited to Monaco; Consul General R. Susan WOOD; Consulate
General at 12 Boulevard Paul Peytral, 13,286 Marseille Cedex (mailing address
APO AE 9,777); telephone 33 (91) 549-200


Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Monaco: two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and white; similar to the flag of Indonesia which is longer and the flag of Poland which is white (top) and red

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Monaco - Economy 1992
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Economy overview:
Monaco, situated on the French Mediterranean coast, is a popular resort, attracting tourists to its casino and pleasant climate. The
Principality has successfully sought to diversify into services and small, high-value-added, nonpolluting industries. The state has no income tax and low business taxes and thrives as a tax haven both for individuals who have established residence and for foreign companies that have set up businesses and offices. About 50% of Monaco's annual revenue comes from value-added taxes on hotels, banks, and the industrial sector; about 25% of revenue comes from tourism. Living standards are high, that is, roughly comparable to those in prosperous French metropolitan suburbs.

GDP: exchange rate conversion - $475 million, per capita $16,000; real growth rate NA% (1991 est.)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: NA

Industries

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate NA%

Labor force: NA
Organized labor: 4,000 members in 35 unions
Labor force

Unemployment rate: full employment (1989)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $424 million; expenditures $376 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (1991)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $NA; full customs integration with France, which collects and rebates Monacan trade duties; also participates in EC market system through customs union with France

Imports: $NA; full customs integration with France, which collects and rebates Monacan trade duties; also participates in EC market system through customs union with France

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: French francs (F) per US$1 - 5.3801 (January 1992), 5.6421 (1991), 5.4453 (1990), 6.3801 (1989), 5.9569 (1988), 6.0107 (1987)


Monaco - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production:
10,000 kW standby capacity (1991); power supplied by France
Indus


Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Monaco - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Monaco - Military 1992
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Monaco - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 1 usable airfield with permanent-surface runways

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine:
1 petroleum tanker (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 3,268
GRT/4,959 DWT

Civil air: no major transport aircraft

Ports and terminals


Monaco - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


Volotea Air


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