Statistical information Mozambique 1992Mozambique

Map of Mozambique | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Mozambique in the World
Mozambique in the World


Mozambique - Introduction 1992
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Background: Almost five centuries as a Portuguese colony came to a close with independence in 1975. Large-scale emigration by whites economic dependence on South Africa a severe drought and a prolonged civil war hindered the country's development. The ruling party formally abandoned Marxism in 1989 and a new constitution the following year provided for multiparty elections and a free market economy. A UN-negotiated peace agreement with rebel forces ended the fighting in 1992.

Mozambique - Geography 1992
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Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Total: 801,590 km²
Land: 784,090 km²
Comparative: slightly less than twice the size of California

Land boundaries:
4,571 km total; Malawi 1,569 km, South Africa 491 km,
Swaziland 105 km, Tanzania 756 km, Zambia 419 km, Zimbabwe 1,231 km

Coastline: 2,470 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm
Disputes: none

Climate: tropical to subtropical

Terrain: mostly coastal lowlands, uplands in center, high plateaus in northwest, mountains in west


Natural resources: coal, titanium
Land use

Land use: arable land: 4%; permanent crops: NEGL%; meadows and pastures 56%; forest and woodland 20%; other 20%; includes irrigated NEGL%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


Mozambique - People 1992
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Population: 15,469,150 (July 1992), growth rate 4.1% (1992; note - 1.5 million Mozambican refugees; 900,000 in Malawi (1991 est.)

Nationality: noun - Mozambican(s; adjective - Mozambican

Ethnic groups: majority from indigenous tribal groups; Europeans about 10,000, Euro-Africans 35,000, Indians 15,000

Languages: Portuguese (official; many indigenous dialects

Religions: indigenous beliefs 60%, Christian 30%, Muslim 10%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 46 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 17 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: 12 migrants/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: severe drought and floods occur in south; desertification

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 134 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 46 years male, 49 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 6.4 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 33% (male 45%, female 21%) age 15 and over can read and write (1990 est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Mozambique - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Mozambique

Government type: republic

Capital: Maputo

Administrative divisions:
10 provinces (provincias, singular - provincia); Cabo Delgado, Gaza, Inhambane, Manica, Maputo, Nampula, Niassa,
Sofala, Tete, Zambezia

Dependent areas

Independence: 25 June 1975 (from Portugal)

National holiday: Independence Day, 25 June (1975)

Constitution: 30 November 1990

Legal system: based on Portuguese civil law system and customary law

International law organization participation


Suffrage: universal adult at age 18

Executive branch: president, prime minister, Cabinet

Legislative branch:
unicameral Assembly of the Republic (Assembleia da

Judicial branch: People's Courts at all levels

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:

Diplomatic representation:
Ambassador Hipolito PATRICIO; Chancery at
Suite 570, 1990 M Street NW, Washington, DC 20,036; telephone (202) 293-7,146

Ambassador Townsend B. FRIEDMAN, Jr.; Embassy at Avenida Kenneth
Kuanda, 193 Maputo (mailing address is P. O. Box 783, Maputo); telephone 258 (1) 49-27-97, 49-01-67, 49-03-50; FAX 258 (1) 49-01-14

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Mozambique: three equal horizontal bands of green (top), black, and yellow with a red isosceles triangle based on the hoist side; the black band is edged in white; centered in the triangle is a yellow five-pointed star bearing a crossed rifle and hoe in black superimposed on an open white book

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Mozambique - Economy 1992
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Economy overview:
One of Africa's poorest countries, Mozambique has failed to exploit the economic potential of its sizable agricultural, hydropower, and transportation resources. Indeed, national output, consumption, and investment declined throughout the first half of the 1980s because of internal disorders, lack of government administrative control, and a growing foreign debt. A sharp increase in foreign aid, attracted by an economic reform policy, has resulted in successive years of economic growth since 1985. Agricultural output, nevertheless, is at about only 75% of its 1981 level, and grain has to be imported. Industry operates at only 20-40% of capacity. The economy depends heavily on foreign assistance to keep afloat.
The continuation of civil strife through 1991 has dimmed chances of foreign investment, and growth was a mere 1%. Living standards, already abysmally low, dropped by 3-4% in both 1990 and 1991.

GDP: exchange rate conversion - $1.7 billion, per capita $120; real growth rate 1.0% (1991 est.)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 80% of the labor force, 50% of GDP, and about 90% of exports; cash crops - cotton, cashew nuts, sugarcane, tea, shrimp; other crops - cassava, corn, rice, tropical fruits; not self-sufficient in food

Industries: food, beverages, chemicals (fertilizer, soap, paints), petroleum products, textiles, nonmetallic mineral products (cement, glass, asbestos), tobacco

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate 5% (1989 est.)

Labor force: NA, but 90% engaged in agriculture
Organized labor:
225,000 workers belong to a single union, the
Mozambique Workers' Organization (OTM)

Labor force

Unemployment rate: 50% (1989 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $369 million; expenditures $860 million, including capital expenditures of $432 million (1989 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $117 million (f.o.b., 1990 est.)
Commodoties: shrimp 48%, cashews 21%, sugar 10%, copra 3%, citrus 3%
Partners: US, Western Europe, GDR, Japan

Imports: $870 million (c.i.f., 1990 est.), including aid
Commodoties: food, clothing, farm equipment, petroleum
Partners: US, Western Europe, USSR

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: meticais (Mt) per US$1 - 2,358 (1 May 1992), 1,811.18 (1991), 929.00 (1990), 800.00 (1989), 528.60 (1988), 289.44 (1987)

Mozambique - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 2,270,000 kW capacity; 1,745 million kWh produced, 115 kWh per capita (1991)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Mozambique - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Mozambique - Military 1992
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp:
exchange rate conversion - $107 million, 6-7% of
GDP (1989)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Mozambique - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

195 total, 137 usable; 27 with permanent-surface runways; 1
with runways over 3,659 m; 5
with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 26
with runways 1,220-2,439 m

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways


Pipelines: crude oil (not operating) 306 km; petroleum products 289 km



Waterways: about 3,750 km of navigable routes

Merchant marine:
5 cargo ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 7,806
GRT/12,873 DWT

Civil air: 7 major transport aircraft

Ports and terminals

Mozambique - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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