Statistical information New Caledonia 1992New%20Caledonia

Map of New Caledonia | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

New Caledonia in the World
New Caledonia in the World

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New Caledonia - Introduction 1992
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Background: Settled by both Britain and France during the first half of the 19th century the island was made a French possession in 1853. It served as a penal colony for four decades after 1864. Agitation for independence during the 1980s seems to have dissipated.


New Caledonia - Geography 1992
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Location

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 19,060 km²
Land: 18,760 km²
Comparative: slightly smaller than New Jersey

Land boundaries: none

Coastline: 2,254 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm
Disputes: none

Climate: tropical; modified by southeast trade winds; hot, humid

Terrain: coastal plains with interior mountains

Elevation

Natural resources: nickel, chrome, iron, cobalt, manganese, silver, gold, lead, copper
Land use

Land use: arable land: NEGL%; permanent crops: NEGL%; meadows and pastures 14%; forest and woodland 51%; other 35%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


New Caledonia - People 1992
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Population: 174,805 (July 1992), growth rate 1.9% (1992)

Nationality: noun - New Caledonian(s; adjective - New Caledonian

Ethnic groups:
Melanesian 42.5%, European 37.1%, Wallisian 8.4%,
Polynesian 3.8%, Indonesian 3.6%, Vietnamese 1.6%, other 3.0%


Languages: French; 28 Melanesian-Polynesian dialects

Religions: Roman Catholic 60%, Protestant 30%, other 10%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 23 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 5 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: 1 migrant/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: typhoons most frequent from November to March
Current issues note: located 1,750 km east of Australia in the South Pacific Ocean

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 17 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 70 years male, 76 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 2.7 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 91% (male 91%, female 90%) age 15 and over can read and write (1976)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


New Caledonia - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: Territory of New Caledonia and Dependencies

Government type: overseas territory of France since 1956

Capital: Noumea

Administrative divisions: none (overseas territory of France; there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 3 provinces named Iles Loyaute, Nord, and Sud

Dependent areas

Independence: none (overseas territory of France; note - a referendum on independence will be held in 1998, with a review of the issue in 1992

National holiday: Taking of the Bastille, 14 July (1789)

Constitution: 28 September 1958 (French Constitution)

Legal system: the 1988 Matignon Accords grant substantial autonomy to the islands; formerly under French law

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: universal adult at age 18
French National Assembly:
last held 5 and 12 June 1988 (next to be held
June 1993); results - RPR 83.5%, FN 13.5%, other 3%; seats - (2 total) RPCR 2

French Senate: last held 24 September 1989 (next to be held September 1992); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (1 total) RPCR 1
Territorial Assembly:
last held 11 June 1989 (next to be held 1993); results - RPCR 44.5%, FLNKS 28.5%, FN 7%, CD 5%, UO 4%, other 11%; seats - (54 total) RPCR 27, FLNKS 19, FN 3, other 5; note - election boycotted by
FULK


Executive branch:
French President, high commissioner, Consultative
Committee (cabinet)


Legislative branch: unicameral Territorial Assembly

Judicial branch: Court of Appeal

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: FZ, ICFTU, SPC, WMO
Diplomatic representation:
as an overseas territory of France, New
Caledonian interests are represented in the US by France


Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of New%20Caledonia: the flag of France is used

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


New Caledonia - Economy 1992
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Economy overview:
New Caledonia has more than 25% of the world's known nickel resources. In recent years the economy has suffered because of depressed international demand for nickel, the principal source of export earnings.
Only a negligible amount of the land is suitable for cultivation, and food accounts for about 25% of imports.

GNP: exchange rate conversion - $1.0 billion, per capita $6,000 (1991 est.); real growth rate 2.4% (1988)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: large areas devoted to cattle grazing; coffee, corn, wheat, vegetables; 60% self-sufficient in beef

Industries: nickel mining

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate NA%

Labor force:
50,469; foreign workers for plantations and mines from
Wallis and Futuna, Vanuatu, and French Polynesia (1980 est.)

Organized labor: NA
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 16.0% (1989)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $224.0 million; expenditures $211.0 million, including capital expenditures of NA (1985)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $671 million (f.o.b., 1989)
Commodoties: nickel metal 87%, nickel ore
Partners: France 52.3%, Japan 15.8%, US 6.4%

Imports: $764 million (c.i.f., 1989)
Commodoties: foods, fuels, minerals, machines, electrical equipment
Partners: France 44.0%, US 10%, Australia 9%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Comptoirs Francais duPacifique francs (CFPF) per US$1 - 97.81 (January 1992), 102.57 (1991), 99.00 (1990), 115.99 (1989), 108.30 (1988), 109.27 (1987; note - linked at the rate of 18.18 to the French franc


New Caledonia - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 400,000 kW capacity; 2,200 million kWh produced, 12,790 kWh per capita (1990)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


New Caledonia - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


New Caledonia - Military 1992
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


New Caledonia - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports:
29 total, 27 usable; 1 with permanent-surface runways; none
with runways over 3,659 m; 1
with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 2
with runways 1,220-2,439 m


Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals


New Caledonia - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: illicit cannabis cultivation is becoming a principal source of income for some families


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