Statistical information Niger 1992Niger

Map of Niger | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

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Background


Niger - Geography 1992
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Location

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 1,267,000 km²
Land: 1,266,700 km²
Comparative: slightly less than twice the size of Texas

Land boundaries: 5,697 km total; Algeria 956 km, Benin 266 km, Burkina 628 km, Chad 1,175 km, Libya 354 km, Mali 821 km, Nigeria 1,497 km

Coastline: none - landlocked

Maritime claims: none - landlocked
Disputes:
Libya claims about 19,400 km² in northern Niger; demarcation of international boundaries in Lake Chad, the lack of which has led to border incidents in the past, is completed and awaiting ratification by Cameroon,
Chad, Niger, and Nigeria; Burkina and Mali are proceeding with boundary demarcation, including the tripoint with Niger


Climate: desert; mostly hot, dry, dusty; tropical in extreme south

Terrain: predominately desert plains and sand dunes; flat to rolling plains in south; hills in north

Elevation

Natural resources: uranium, coal, iron ore, tin, phosphates
Land use

Land use: arable land: 3%; permanent crops: 0%; meadows and pastures 7%; forest and woodland 2%; other 88%; includes irrigated NEGL%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Niger - People 1992
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Population: 8,052,945 (July 1992), growth rate 3.5% (1992)

Nationality: noun - Nigerien(s; adjective - Nigerien

Ethnic groups: Hausa 56%; Djerma 22%; Fula 8.5%; Tuareg 8%; Beri Beri (Kanouri) 4.3%; Arab, Toubou, and Gourmantche 1.2%; about 4,000 French expatriates

Languages: French (official; Hausa, Djerma

Religions: Muslim 80%, remainder indigenous beliefs and Christians

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 58 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 23 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: 0 migrants/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: recurrent drought and desertification severely affecting marginal agricultural activities; overgrazing; soil erosion
Current issues note: landlocked

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 115 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 42 years male, 45 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 7.4 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 28% (male 40%, female 17%) age 15 and over can read and write (1990 est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Niger - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Niger

Government type: as of November 1991, transition government appointed by national reform conference; scheduled to turn over power to democratically elected government in January 1993

Capital: Niamey

Administrative divisions: 7 departments (departements, singular - departement; Agadez, Diffa, Dosso, Maradi, Niamey, Tahoua, Zinder

Dependent areas

Independence: 3 August 1960 (from France)

National holiday: Republic Day, 18 December (1958)

Constitution:
December 1989 constitution revised November 1991 by
National Democratic Reform Conference


Legal system: based on French civil law system and customary law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: universal adult at age 18
National Assembly: last held 10 December 1989 (next to be held NA); results - MNSD was the only party; seats - (150 total) MNSD 150 (indirectly elected); note - Niger held a national conference from July to November 1991 to decide upon a transitional government and an agenda for multiparty elections
President: President Ali SAIBOU has been in office since December 1989, but the presidency is now a largely ceremonial position

Executive branch:
president (ceremonial), prime minister (interim),
Cabinet


Legislative branch: National Assembly

Judicial branch: State Court (Cour d'Etat), Court of Appeal (Cour d'Apel)

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:
ACCT, ACP, AfDB, CCC, CEAO, ECA, ECOWAS, Entente, FAO, FZ,
G-77, GATT, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, INTELSAT,
INTERPOL, IOC, ITU, LORCS, NAM, OAU, OIC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU,
WADB, WCL, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Diplomatic representation:
Ambassador Moumouni Adamou DJERMAKOYE;
Chancery at 2,204 R Street NW, Washington, DC 20,008; telephone (202) 483-4,224 through 4,227

US: Ambassador Jennifer C. WARD; Embassy at Avenue des Ambassades, Niamey (mailing address is B. P. 11,201, Niamey); telephone 227 72-26-61 through 64

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Niger: three equal horizontal bands of orange (top), white, and green with a small orange disk (representing the sun) centered in the white band; similar to the flag of India, which has a blue, spoked wheel centered in the white band

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Niger - Economy 1992
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Economy overview:
About 90% of the population is engaged in farming and stock raising, activities that generate almost half the national income. The economy also depends heavily on exploitation of large uranium deposits.
Uranium production grew rapidly in the mid-1970s, but tapered off in the early 1980s when world prices declined. France is a major customer, while
Germany, Japan, and Spain also make regular purchases. The depressed demand for uranium has contributed to an overall sluggishness in the economy, a severe trade imbalance, and a mounting external debt.

GDP: exchange rate conversion - $2.4 billion, per capita $300; real growth rate - 3.4% (1991)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for roughly 40% of GDP and 90% of labor force; cash crops - cowpeas, cotton, peanuts; food crops - millet, sorghum, cassava, rice; livestock - cattle, sheep, goats; self-sufficient in food except in drought years

Industries: cement, brick, textiles, food processing, chemicals, slaughterhouses, and a few other small light industries; uranium production began in 1971

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate 0% (1989; accounts for 18% of GDP

Labor force: 2,500,000 wage earners (1982); agriculture 90%, industry and commerce 6%, government 4%; 51% of population of working age (1985)
Organized labor: negligible
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $220 million; expenditures $446 million, including capital expenditures of $190 million (FY89 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: 1 October - 30 September

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $320 million (f.o.b., 1990)
Commodoties: uranium 75%, livestock products, cowpeas, onions
Partners: France 65%, Nigeria 11%, Ivory Coast, Italy

Imports: $439 million (c.i.f., 1990)
Commodoties: petroleum products, primary materials, machinery, vehicles and parts, electronic equipment, pharmaceuticals, chemical products, cereals, foodstuffs
Partners: France 32%, Ivory Coast 11%, Germany 5%, Italy 4%, Nigeria 4%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (CFAF) per US$1 - 269.01 (January 1992), 282.11 (1991), 272.26 (1990), 319.01 (1989), 297.85 (1988), 300.54 (1987)


Niger - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 105,000 kW capacity; 230 million kWh produced, 30 kWh per capita (1991)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Niger - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Niger - Military 1992
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp:
exchange rate conversion - $27 million, 1.3% of
GDP (1989)


Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Niger - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports:
29 total, 27 usable; 8 with permanent-surface runways; none
with runways over 3,659 m; 2
with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 13
with runways 1,220-2,439 m


Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways: Niger River is navigable 300 km from Niamey to Gaya on the Benin frontier from mid-December through March
Civil air: 2 major transport aircraft

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals


Niger - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


Austrian Airlines


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