Statistical information Nigeria 1992Nigeria

Map of Nigeria | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Nigeria in the World
Nigeria in the World


Nigeria - Introduction 1992
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Background: Nigeria has been ruled by the military since 1983.

Nigeria - Geography 1992
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Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Total: 923,770 km²
Land: 910,770 km²
Comparative: slightly more than twice the size of California

Land boundaries: 4,047 km total; Benin 773 km, Cameroon 1,690 km, Chad 87 km, Niger 1,497 km

Coastline: 853 km

Maritime claims
Continental shelf: 200 m (depth) or to depth of exploitation
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 30 nm
Disputes: demarcation of international boundaries in Lake Chad, the lack of which has led to border incidents in the past, is completed and awaiting ratification by Cameroon, Chad, Niger, and Nigeria; boundary commission created with Cameroon to discuss unresolved land and maritime boundaries - has not yet convened

Climate: varies - equatorial in south, tropical in center, arid in north

Terrain: southern lowlands merge into central hills and plateaus; mountains in southeast, plains in north


Natural resources: crude oil, tin, columbite, iron ore, coal, limestone, lead, zinc, natural gas
Land use

Land use: arable land: 31%; permanent crops: 3%; meadows and pastures 23%; forest and woodland 15%; other 28%; includes irrigated NEGL%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


Nigeria - People 1992
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Population: 126,274,589 (July 1992), growth rate 3.0% (1992; note - a new population figure of 88.5 million is in the process of being incorporated into revised Census Bureau figures (April 1992)

Nationality: noun - Nigerian(s; adjective - Nigerian

Ethnic groups: more than 250 tribal groups; Hausa and Fulani of the north, Yoruba of the southwest, and Ibos of the southeast make up 65% of the population; about 27,000 non-Africans

Languages: English (official; Hausa, Yoruba, Ibo, Fulani, and several other languages also widely used

Religions: Muslim 50%, Christian 40%, indigenous beliefs 10%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 46 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 16 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: NEGL migrants/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: recent droughts in north severely affecting marginal agricultural activities; desertification; soil degradation, rapid deforestation

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 110 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 48 years male, 50 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 6.5 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 51% (male 62%, female 40%) age 15 and over can read and write (1990 est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Nigeria - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: Federal Republic of Nigeria

Government type: military government since 31 December 1983

Capital: Abuja; note - on 12 December 1991 the capital was officially moved from Lagos to Abuja; many government offices remain in Lagos pending completion of facilities in Abuja

Administrative divisions:
30 states and 1 territory*; Abia, Abuja
Capital Territory*, Adamawa, Akwa Ibom, Anambra, Bauchi, Benue, Borno, Cross
River, Delta, Edo, Enugu, Imo, Jigawa, Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Kebbi, Kogi,
Kwara, Lagos, Niger, Ogun, Ondo, Osun, Oyo, Plateau, Rivers, Sokoto, Taraba,

Dependent areas

Independence: 1 October 1960 (from UK)

National holiday: Independence Day, 1 October (1960)

Constitution: 1 October 1979, amended 9 February 1984, revised 1989

Legal system: based on English common law, Islamic law, and tribal law

International law organization participation


Suffrage: universal at age 21
National Assembly:
first elections since it was dissolved after the 31
December 1983 coup scheduled for 4 July 1992

President: first presidential elections since the 31 December 1983 coup scheduled for late 1992
Communists: the pro-Communist underground consists of a small fraction of the Nigerian left; leftist leaders are prominent in the country's central labor organization but have little influence on the government

Executive branch:
president of the Armed Forces Ruling Council, Armed
Forces Ruling Council, National Council of State, Council of Ministers (cabinet)

Legislative branch: National Assembly was dissolved after the military coup of 31 December 1983

Judicial branch: Supreme Court, Federal Court of Appeal

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:
ACP, AfDB, C, CCC, ECA, ECOWAS, FAO, G-15, G-19, G-24, G-77,

Diplomatic representation:
Ambassador Zubair Mahmud KAZAURE; Chancery at 2,201 M Street NW, Washington, DC 20,037; telephone (202) 822-1500; there is a
Nigerian Consulate General in New York

Ambassador Lannon WALKER; Embassy at 2 Eleke Crescent, Lagos (mailing address is P. O. Box 554, Lagos); telephone 234 (1) 610,097; FAX 234 (1) 610,257; there is a US Consulate General in Kaduna; note - the US Government has requested Nigerian Government permission to open an Embassy Branch
Office in Abuja; the US Embassy will remain in Lagos until a later date, when the Branch Office in Abuja will become the Embassy and the Embassy in
Lagos will become a Consulate General

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Nigeria: three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), white, and green

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Nigeria - Economy 1992
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Economy overview: Although Nigeria is Africa's leading oil-producing country, it remains poor with a $250 per capita GDP. In 1991 massive government spending, much of it to help ensure a smooth transition to civilian rule, ballooned the budget deficit and caused inflation and interest rates to rise. The lack of fiscal discipline forced the IMF to declare Nigeria not in compliance with an 18-month standby facility started in January 1991. Lagos has set ambitious targets for expanding oil production capacity and is offering foreign companies more attractive investment incentives. Government efforts to reduce Nigeria's dependence on oil exports and to sustain noninflationary growth, however, have fallen short because of inadequate new investment funds and endemic corruption. Living standards continue to deteriorate from the higher level of the early 1980s oil boom.
GDP: exchange rate conversion - $30 billion, per capita $250; real growth rate 5.2% (1990 est.)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 32% of GDP and half of labor force; inefficient small-scale farming dominates; once a large net exporter of food and now an importer; cash crops - cocoa, peanuts, palm oil, rubber; food crops - corn, rice, sorghum, millet, cassava, yams; livestock - cattle, sheep, goats, pigs; fishing and forestry resources extensively exploited

Industries: crude oil and mining - coal, tin, columbite; primary processing industries - palm oil, peanut, cotton, rubber, wood, hides and skins; manufacturing industries - textiles, cement, building materials, food products, footwear, chemical, printing, ceramics, steel

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate 7.2% (1990; accounts for 8.5% of GDP

Labor force: 42,844,000; agriculture 54%, industry, commerce, and services 19%, government 15%; 49% of population of working age (1985)
Organized labor:
3,520,000 wage earners belong to 42 recognized trade unions, which come under a single national labor federation - the Nigerian
Labor Congress (NLC)

Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $10 billion; expenditures $10 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (1992 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $13.6 billion (f.o.b., 1990)
Commodoties: oil 95%, cocoa, rubber
Partners: EC 51%, US 32%

Imports: $6.9 billion (c.i.f., 1990)
Commodoties: consumer goods, capital equipment, chemicals, raw materials
Partners: EC, US

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: naira (N) per US$1 - 10.226 (February 1992), 9.909 (1991), 8.038 (1990), 7.3647 (1989), 4.5370 (1988), 4.0160 (1987)

Nigeria - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 4,740,000 kW capacity; 11,280 million kWh produced, 90 kWh per capita (1991)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Nigeria - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Nigeria - Military 1992
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp: exchange rate conversion - $300 million, 1% of GDP (1990 est.)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Nigeria - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

76 total, 64 usable; 33 with permanent-surface runways; 1 with runways over 3,659 m; 15
with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 22
with runways 1,220-2,439 m

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways


Pipelines: crude oil 2,042 km; natural gas 500 km; petroleum products 3,000 km



Waterways: 8,575 km consisting of Niger and Benue Rivers and smaller rivers and creeks

Merchant marine:
28 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 418,046
GRT/664,949 DWT; includes 17 cargo, 1 refrigerated cargo, 1 roll-on/roll-off, 7 petroleum tanker, 1 chemical tanker, 1 bulk

Civil air: 57 major transport aircraft

Ports and terminals

Nigeria - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs:
illicit heroin and some cocaine trafficking; marijuana cultivation for domestic consumption and export; major transit country for heroin en route from southeast and southwest Asia via Africa to Western
Europe and the US; growing transit route for cocaine from South America via
West Africa to Western Europe and the US

Qatar Airways

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