Statistical information Norfolk Island 1992Norfolk%20Island

Map of Norfolk Island | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Norfolk Island in the World
Norfolk Island in the World


Norfolk Island - Introduction 1992
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Background: Two British attempts at establishing the island as a penal colony (1788-1814 and 1825-55) were ultimately abandoned. In 1856 the island was resettled by Pitcairn Islanders descendants of the Bounty mutineers and their Tahitian companions.

Norfolk Island - Geography 1992
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Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Total: 34.6 km²
Land: 34.6 km²
Comparative: about 0.2 times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries: none

Coastline: 32 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 3 nm
Disputes: none

Climate: subtropical, mild, little seasonal temperature variation

Terrain: volcanic formation with mostly rolling plains


Natural resources: fish
Land use

Land use: arable land: 0%; permanent crops: 0%; meadows and pastures 25%; forest and woodland 0%; other 75%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


Norfolk Island - People 1992
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Population: 2,620 (July 1992), growth rate 1.7% (1992)

Nationality: noun - Norfolk Islander(s; adjective - Norfolk Islander(s)

Ethnic groups:
descendants of the Bounty mutiny; more recently,
Australian and New Zealand settlers

English (official) and Norfolk - a mixture of 18th century
English and ancient Tahitian

Anglican 39%, Roman Catholic 11.7%, Uniting Church in
Australia 16.4%, Seventh-Day Adventist 4.4%, none 9.2%, unknown 16.9%, other 2.4% (1986)

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: NA births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: NA deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: NA migrants/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: subject to typhoons (especially May to July)
Current issues note: located 1,575 km east of Australia in the South Pacific Ocean

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: NA deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: NA years male, NA years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: NA children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: NA% (male NA%, female NA%)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Norfolk Island - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: Territory of Norfolk Island

Government type: territory of Australia

Capital: Kingston (administrative center), Burnt Pine (commercial center)

Administrative divisions: none (territory of Australia)

Dependent areas

Independence: none (territory of Australia)

National holiday: Pitcairners Arrival Day Anniversary, 8 June (1856)

Constitution: Norfolk Island Act of 1957

Legal system:
wide legislative and executive responsibility under the
Norfolk Island Act of 1979; Supreme Court

International law organization participation


Suffrage: universal at age 18
Legislative Assembly: last held 1989 (held every three years); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (9 total) percent of seats by party NA

Executive branch: British monarch, governor general of Australia, administrator, Executive Council (cabinet)

Legislative branch: unicameral Legislative Assembly

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: none
Diplomatic representation: none (territory of Australia)

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Norfolk%20Island: three vertical bands of green (hoist side), white, and green with a large green Norfolk Island pine tree centered in the slightly wider white band

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Norfolk Island - Economy 1992
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Economy overview: The primary economic activity is tourism, which has brought a level of prosperity unusual among inhabitants of the Pacific Islands. The number of visitors has increased steadily over the years and reached 29,000 in FY89. Revenues from tourism have given the island a favorable balance of trade and helped the agricultural sector to become self-sufficient in the production of beef, poultry, and eggs.
GDP: exchange rate conversion - $NA, per capita $NA; real growth rate NA%

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: Norfolk Island pine seed, Kentia palm seed, cereals, vegetables, fruit, cattle, poultry

Industries: tourism

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate NA%

Labor force: NA
Organized labor: NA
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $NA; expenditures $4.2 million, including capital expenditures of $400,000 (FY89)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: 1 July - 30 June

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $1.7 million (f.o.b., FY86)
postage stamps, seeds of the Norfolk Island pine and Kentia
Palm, small quantities of avocados

Partners: Australia, Pacific Islands, NZ, Asia, Europe

Imports: $15.6 million (c.i.f., FY86)
Commodoties: NA
Partners: Australia, Pacific Islands, NZ, Asia, Europe

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Australian dollars ($A) per US$1 - 1.3177 (March 1992), 1.2835 (1991), 1.2799 (1990), 1.2618 (1989), 1.2752 (1988), 1.4267 (1987)

Norfolk Island - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 7,000 kW capacity; 8 million kWh produced, 3,160 kWh per capita (1990)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Norfolk Island - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Norfolk Island - Military 1992
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Norfolk Island - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 1 with permanent-surface runways 1,220-2,439 m (Australian owned)

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Norfolk Island - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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