Statistical information North Korea 1992North%20Korea

Map of North Korea | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

North Korea in the World
North Korea in the World

Crystal Travel

North Korea - Introduction 1992
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Background: At the end of World War II, the US and the Soviet Union agreed that US troops would accept the surrender of Japanese forces south of the 38th parallel and the Soviet Union would do so in the north. In 1948, the UN proposed nationwide elections; after P'yongyang's refusal to allow UN inspectors in the north, elections were held in the south and the Republic of Korea was established. The Democratic People's Republic of Korea was established the following month in the north. Communist North Korean forces invaded South Korea in 1950. US and other UN forces intervened to defend the South and Chinese forces intervened on behalf of the North. After a bitter three-year war, an armistice was signed in 1953, establishing a military demarcation line near the 38th parallel. The North's heavy investment in military forces has produced an army of 1 million troops equipped with thousands of tanks and artillery pieces. Despite growing economic hardships, North Korea continues to devote a significant portion of its scarce resources to the military.

North Korea - Geography 1992
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Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Total: 120,540 km²
Land: 120,410 km²
Comparative: slightly smaller than Mississippi

Land boundaries: 1,673 km; China 1,416 km, South Korea 238 km, Russia 19 km

Coastline: 2,495 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Military boundary line: 50 nm in the Sea of Japan and the exclusive economic zone limit in the Yellow Sea (all foreign vessels and aircraft without permission are banned)
Territorial sea: 12 nm
short section of boundary with China is indefinite;
Demarcation Line with South Korea

Climate: temperate with rainfall concentrated in summer

Terrain: mostly hills and mountains separated by deep, narrow valleys; coastal plains wide in west, discontinuous in east


Natural resources: coal, lead, tungsten, zinc, graphite, magnesite, iron ore, copper, gold, pyrites, salt, fluorspar, hydropower
Land use

Land use:
arable land: 18%; permanent crops: 1%; meadows and pastures
NEGL%; forest and woodland 74%; other 7%; includes irrigated 9%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


North Korea - People 1992
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Population: 22,227,303 (July 1992), growth rate 1.9% (1992)

Nationality: noun - Korean(s;adjective - Korean

Ethnic groups: racially homogeneous

Languages: Korean

Buddhism and Confucianism; some Christianity and syncretic
Chondogyo; autonomous religious activities now almost nonexistent; government-sponsored religious groups exist to provide illusion of religious freedom

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 24 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 6 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: 0 migrants/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: mountainous interior is isolated, nearly inaccessible, and sparsely populated; late spring droughts often followed by severe flooding
Current issues note: strategic location bordering China, South Korea, and Russia

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 30 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 66 years male, 72 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 2.4 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 99%, (male 99%, female 99%; note - presumed to be virtually universal among population under age 60

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

North Korea - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: Democratic People's Republic of Korea; abbreviated DPRK

Government type: Communist state; Stalinist dictatorship

Capital: P'yongyang

Administrative divisions:
9 provinces (do, singular and plural) and 3 special cities* (jikhalsi, singular and plural); Chagang-do, Hamgyong-namdo,
Hamgyong-bukto, Hwanghae-namdo, Hwanghae-bukto, Kaesong-si*, Kangwon-do,
Namp'o-si*, P'yongan-bukto, P'yongan-namdo,P'yongyang-si*, Yanggang-do

Dependent areas

Independence: 9 September 1948

National holiday: Independence Day, 9 September (1948)

Constitution: adopted 1948, revised 27 December 1972

Legal system: based on German civil law system with Japanese influences and Communist legal theory; no judicial review of legislative acts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation


Suffrage: universal at age 17
last held 24 May 1990 (next to be held NA 1994); results -
President KIM Il-song was reelected without opposition

Supreme People's Assembly: last held on 24 May 1990 (next to be held NA 1994); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (687 total) the KWP approves a single list of candidates who are elected without opposition; minor parties hold a few seats
Communists: KWP claims membership of about 3 million

Executive branch: president, two vice presidents, premier, eleven vice premiers, State Administration Council (cabinet)

Legislative branch:
unicameral Supreme People's Assembly (Ch'oego Inmin

Judicial branch: Central Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:
ESCAP, FAO, G-77, IAEA, ICAO, IFAD, IMF (observer), IMO, IOC,

Diplomatic representation: none

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of North%20Korea: three horizontal bands of blue (top), red (triple width), and blue; the red band is edged in white; on the hoist side of the red band is a white disk with a red five-pointed star

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

North Korea - Economy 1992
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Economy overview:
More than 90% of this command economy is socialized; agricultural land is collectivized; and state-owned industry produces 95% of manufactured goods. State control of economic affairs is unusually tight even for a Communist country because of the small size and homogeneity of the society and the strict rule of KIM Il-song and his son, KIM Chong-il.
Economic growth during the period 1984-89 averaged 2-3%, but output declined by 2-4% annually during 1990-91, largely because of disruptions in economic relations with the USSR. Abundant natural resources and hydropower form the basis of industrial development. Output of the extractive industries includes coal, iron ore, magnesite, graphite, copper, zinc, lead, and precious metals. Manufacturing is centered on heavy industry, with light industry lagging far behind. Despite the use of improved seed varieties, expansion of irrigation, and the heavy use of fertilizers, North Korea has not yet become self-sufficient in food production. Four consecutive years of poor harvests, coupled with distribution problems, have led to chronic food shortages. North Korea remains far behind South Korea in economic development and living standards.

GNP: purchasing power equivalent - $23.3 billion, per capita $1,100; real growth rate -2% (1991 est.)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for about 25% of GNP and 36% of work force; principal crops - rice, corn, potatoes, soybeans, pulses; livestock and livestock products - cattle, hogs, pork, eggs; not self-sufficient in grain; fish catch estimated at 1.7 million metric tons in 1987

Industries: machine building, military products, electric power, chemicals, mining, metallurgy, textiles, food processing

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate NA%

Labor force: 9,615,000; agricultural 36%, nonagricultural 64%; shortage of skilled and unskilled labor (mid-1987 est.)
Organized labor:
1,600,000 members; single-trade union system coordinated by the General Federation of Trade Unions of Korea under the
Central Committee

Labor force

Unemployment rate: officially none

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $17.3 billion; expenditures $17.7 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (1990)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $2.02 billion (f.o.b., 1990)
Commodoties: minerals, metallurgical products, agricultural products, manufactures
Partners: USSR, China, Japan, Hong Kong, Germany, Singapore

Imports: $2.62 billion (f.o.b., 1990 est.)
Commodoties: petroleum, machinery and equipment, coking coal, grain
Partners: USSR, Japan, China, Hong Kong, FRG, Singapore

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: North Korean won (Wn) per US$1 - 2.13 (May 1992), 2.14 (September 1991), 2.1 (January 1990), 2.3 (December 1989), 2.13 (December 1988), 0.94 (March 1987)

North Korea - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 7,140,000 kW capacity; 36,000 million kWh produced, 1,650 kWh per capita (1991)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

North Korea - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

North Korea - Military 1992
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp: exchange rate conversion - about $5 billion, 20-25% of GNP (1991 est.), note - the officially announced but suspect figure is $1.9 billion (1991) 8% of GNP (1991 est.)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

North Korea - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

55 total, 55 usable (est.); about 30 with permanent-surface runways; fewer than 5
with runways over 3,659 m; 20
with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 30
with runways 1,220-2,439 m

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways


Pipelines: crude oil 37 km



Waterways: 2,253 km; mostly navigable by small craft only

Merchant marine:
78 ships (1,000 GRT and over) totaling 543,033
GRT/804,507 DWT; includes 1 passenger, 1 short-sea passenger, 1 passenger-cargo, 67 cargo, 2 petroleum tanker, 4 bulk, 1 combination bulk, 1 container

Ports and terminals

North Korea - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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