Statistical information Oman 1992Oman

Map of Oman | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Oman in the World
Oman in the World

DHGate Shopping


Oman - Introduction 1992
top of page


Background: In 1970 QABOOS bin Said Al Said ousted his father and has ruled as sultan ever since. His extensive modernization program has opened the country to the outside world and has preserved a long-standing political and military relationship with Britain. Oman's moderate independent foreign policy has sought to maintain good relations with all Middle Eastern countries.


Oman - Geography 1992
top of page


Location

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 212,460 km²
Land: 212,460 km²
Comparative: slightly smaller than Kansas

Land boundaries: 1,374 km total; Saudi Arabia 676 km, UAE 410 km, Yemen 288 km

Coastline: 2,092 km

Maritime claims
Continental shelf: to be defined
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm
Disputes:
no defined boundary with most of UAE; Administrative Line with
UAE in far north; there is a proposed treaty with Yemen (which has not yet been formally accepted) to settle the Omani-Yemeni boundary


Climate: dry desert; hot, humid along coast; hot, dry interior; strong southwest summer monsoon (May to September) in far south

Terrain: vast central desert plain, rugged mountains in north and south

Elevation

Natural resources: crude oil, copper, asbestos, some marble, limestone, chromium, gypsum, natural gas
Land use

Land use: arable land: NEGL%; permanent crops: NEGL%; meadows and pastures 5%; forest and woodland NEGL%; other 95%; includes irrigated NEGL%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Oman - People 1992
top of page


Population: 1,587,581 (July 1992), growth rate 3.5% (1992)

Nationality: noun - Omani(s; adjective - Omani

Ethnic groups:
mostly Arab, with small Balochi, Zanzibari, and South
Asian (Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi) groups


Languages: Arabic (official; English, Balochi, Urdu, Indian dialects

Religions:
Ibadhi Muslim 75%; remainder Sunni Muslim, Shi`a Muslim, some
Hindu


Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 41 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 6 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: 0 migrants/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: summer winds often raise large sandstorms and duststorms in interior; sparse natural freshwater resources
Current issues note: strategic location with small foothold on Musandam Peninsula controlling Strait of Hormuz (17% of world's oil production transits this point going from Persian Gulf to Arabian Sea)

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 40 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 65 years male, 69 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 6.6 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: NA% (male NA%, female NA%)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Oman - Government 1992
top of page


Country name
Conventional long form: Sultanate of Oman

Government type: absolute monarchy; independent, with residual UK influence

Capital: Muscat

Administrative divisions: there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 3 governorates (muhafazah, singular - muhafazat; Musqat, Musandam, Zufar

Dependent areas

Independence: 1650, expulsion of the Portuguese

National holiday: National Day, 18 November

Constitution: none

Legal system: based on English common law and Islamic law; ultimate appeal to the sultan; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: none

Executive branch: sultan, Cabinet

Legislative branch: National Assembly

Judicial branch: none; traditional Islamic judges and a nascent civil court system

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:
ABEDA, AFESD, AL, AMF, ESCWA, FAO, G-77, GCC, IBRD, ICAO,
IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IMF, IMO, INMARSAT, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, NAM, OIC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO,
WMO

Diplomatic representation:
Ambassador Awadh bin Badr AL-SHANFARI;
Chancery at 2,342 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20,008; telephone (202) 387-1980 through 1982

US:
Ambassador Richard W. BOEHM; Embassy at address NA, Muscat (mailing address is P. O. Box 50,202 Madinat Qaboos, Muscat); telephone 968 698-989;
FAX 968 604-316


Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Oman: three horizontal bands of white (top, double width), red, and green (double width) with a broad, vertical, red band on the hoist side; the national emblem (a khanjar dagger in its sheath superimposed on two crossed swords in scabbards) in white is centered at the top of the vertical band

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Oman - Economy 1992
top of page


Economy overview: Economic performance is closely tied to the fortunes of the oil industry. Petroleum accounts for more than 90% of export earnings, about 80% of government revenues, and roughly 40% of GDP. Oman has proved oil reserves of 4 billion barrels, equivalent to about 20 years' supply at the current rate of extraction. Although agriculture employs a majority of the population, urban centers depend on imported food.
GDP: exchange rate conversion - $10.6 billion, per capita $6,925 (1990); real growth rate 0.5% (1989)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 6% of GDP and 60% of the labor force (including fishing; less than 2% of land cultivated; largely subsistence farming (dates, limes, bananas, alfalfa, vegetables, camels, cattle; not self-sufficient in food; annual fish catch averages 100,000 metric tons

Industries: crude oil production and refining, natural gas production, construction, cement, copper

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate 10% (1989), including petroleum sector

Labor force: 430,000; agriculture 60% (est.); 58% are non-Omani
Organized labor: trade unions are illegal
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $4.9 billion; expenditures $4.9 billion, including capital expenditures of $825 million (1990)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $5.5 billion (f.o.b., 1990)
Commodoties: petroleum, reexports, fish, processed copper, fruits and vegetables
Partners: Japan 35%, South Korea 21%, Singapore 7%, US 6%

Imports: $2.5 billion (f.o.b, 1990)
Commodoties: machinery, transportation equipment, manufactured goods, food, livestock, lubricants
Partners: UK 20%, UAE 20%, Japan 17%, US 7%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Omani rials (RO) per US$1 - 0.3845 (fixed rate since 1986)


Oman - Energy 1992
top of page


Electricity access

Electricity production: 1,120,000 kW capacity; 5,000 million kWh produced, 3,800 kWh per capita (1991)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Oman - Communication 1992
top of page


Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Oman - Military 1992
top of page


Military expenditures
Percent of gdp:
exchange rate conversion - $1.73 billion, 16% of
GDP (1992 budget)


Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Oman - Transportation 1992
top of page


National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports:
134 total, 127 usable; 6 with permanent-surface runways; 1
with runways over 3,659 m; 8
with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 73
with runways 1,220-2,439 m


Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines: crude oil 1,300 km; natural gas 1,030 km

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine:
1 passenger ship (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 4,442
GRT/1,320 DWT

Civil air: 19 major transport aircraft

Ports and terminals


Oman - Transnational issues 1992
top of page


Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


Capalbosonline.com


You found a piece of the puzzle

Please click here to complete it