Statistical information Portugal 1992Portugal

Map of Portugal | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Portugal - Introduction 1992
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Background: Following its heyday as a world power during the 15th and 16th centuries Portugal lost much of its wealth and status with the destruction of Lisbon in a 1755 earthquake occupation during the Napoleonic Wars and the loss of its Brazilian colony in 1822. A 1910 revolution deposed the monarchy; for most of the next six decades repressive governments ran the country. In 1974 a left-wing military coup installed broad democratic reforms. The following year Portugal granted independence to all of its African colonies. Portugal entered the EC in 1985.


Portugal - Geography 1992
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Location

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 92,080 km²
Land: 91,640 km²; includes Azores and Madeira Islands
Comparative: slightly smaller than Indiana

Land boundaries: 1,214 km; Spain 1,214 km

Coastline: 1,793 km

Maritime claims
Continental shelf: 200 m (depth) or to depth of exploitation
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm
Disputes: sovereignty over Timor Timur (East Timor Province) disputed with Indonesia

Climate: maritime temperate; cool and rainy in north, warmer and drier in south

Terrain: mountainous north of the Tagus, rolling plains in south

Elevation

Natural resources: fish, forests (cork), tungsten, iron ore, uranium ore, marble
Land use

Land use: arable land: 32%; permanent crops: 6%; meadows and pastures 6%; forest and woodland 40%; other 16%; includes irrigated 7%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Portugal - People 1992
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Population: 10,448,509 (July 1992), growth rate 0.4% (1992)

Nationality:
noun - Portuguese (singular and plural); adjective -
Portuguese


Ethnic groups:
homogeneous Mediterranean stock in mainland, Azores,
Madeira Islands; citizens of black African descent who immigrated to mainland during decolonization number less than 100,000


Languages: Portuguese

Religions: Roman Catholic 97%, Protestant denominations 1%, other 2%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 12 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 10 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: 2 migrants/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: Azores subject to severe earthquakes
Current issues note: Azores and Madeira Islands occupy strategic locations along western sea approaches to Strait of Gibraltar

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 10 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 71 years male, 78 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 1.4 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 85% (male 89%, female 82%) age 15 and over can read and write (1990 est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Portugal - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: Portuguese Republic

Government type: republic

Capital: Lisbon

Administrative divisions:
18 districts (distritos, singular - distrito) and 2 autonomous regions* (regioes autonomas, singular - regiao autonoma);
Aveiro, Acores (Azores)*, Beja, Braga, Braganca, Castelo Branco, Coimbra,
Evora, Faro, Guarda, Leiria, Lisboa, Madeira*, Portalegre, Porto, Santarem,
Setubal, Viana do Castelo, Vila Real, Viseu


Dependent areas

Independence: 1140; independent republic proclaimed 5 October 1910

National holiday: Day of Portugal, 10 June

Constitution: 25 April 1976, revised 30 October 1982 and 1 June 1989

Legal system: civil law system; the Constitutional Tribunal reviews the constitutionality of legislation; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: universal at age 18
President:
last held 13 February 1991 (next to be held NA February 1996); results - Dr. Mario Lopes SOARES 70%, Basilio HORTA 14%, Carlos
CARVALHAS 13%, Carlos MARQUES 3%

Assembly of the Republic:
last held 6 October 1991 (next to be held NA
October 1995); results - PSD 50.4%, PS 29.3%, CDU 8.8%, Center Democrats 4.4%, National Solidarity Party 1.7%, PRD 0.6%, other 4.8%; seats - (230 total) PSD 135, PS 72, CDU 17, Center Democrats 5, National Solidarity Party 1

Communists: Portuguese Communist Party claims membership of 200,753 (December 1983)

Executive branch: president, Council of State, prime minister, deputy prime minister, Council of Ministers (cabinet)

Legislative branch:
unicameral Assembly of the Republic (Assembleia da
Republica)


Judicial branch:
Supreme Tribunal of Justice (Supremo Tribunal de
Justica)


Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:
AfDB, BIS, CCC, CE, CERN, COCOM, CSCE, EBRD, EC, ECE, ECLAC,
EIB, FAO, GATT, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, IEA, IFAD, IFC, ILO,
IMF, IMO, INMARSAT, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, LAIA (observer),
LORCS, NAM (guest), NATO, NEA, OAS (observer), OECD, PCA, UN, UNCTAD,
UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WEU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Diplomatic representation:
Ambassador Joao Eduardo M. PEREIRA BASTOS;
Chancery at 2,125 Kalorama Road NW, Washington, DC 20,008; telephone (202) 328-8,610; there are Portuguese Consulates General in Boston, New York, and
San Francisco, and Consulates in Los Angeles, Newark (New Jersey), New
Bedford (Massachusetts), and Providence (Rhode Island)

US:
Ambassador Everett E. BRIGGS; Embassy at Avenida das Forcas Armadas, 1600 Lisbon (mailing address is PSC 83, APO AE 9,726); telephone 351 (1) 726-6,600 or 6,659, 8,670, 8,880; FAX 351 (1) 726-9,109; there is a US
Consulate in Oporto and Ponta Delgada (Azores)


Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Portugal: two vertical bands of green (hoist side, two-fifths) and red (three-fifths) with the Portuguese coat of arms centered on the dividing line

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Portugal - Economy 1992
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Economy overview: Although Portugal has experienced strong growth since joining the EC in 1986 - at least 4% each year through 1990 - it remains one of the poorest members. To prepare for the European single market, the government is restructuring and modernizing the economy and in 1989 embarked on a major privatization program. The global slowdown and tight monetary policies to counter inflation caused growth to slow in 1991, but it is likely to recover in 1992.
GDP: purchasing power equivalent - $87.3 billion, per capita $8,400; real growth rate 2.7% (1991 est.)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 6.1% of GDP and about 20% of labor force; small, inefficient farms; imports more than half of food needs; major crops - grain, potatoes, olives, grapes; livestock sector - sheep, cattle, goats, poultry, meat, dairy products

Industries: textiles and footwear; wood pulp, paper, and cork; metalworking; oil refining; chemicals; fish canning; wine; tourism

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate 9.1% (1990; accounts for 40% of GDP

Labor force: 4,605,700; services 45%, industry 35%, agriculture 20% (1988)
Organized labor:
about 55% of the labor force; the Communist-dominated
General Confederation of Portuguese Workers - Intersindical (CGTP-IN) represents more than half of the unionized labor force; its main competition, the General Workers Union (UGT), is organized by the Socialists and Social Democrats and represents less than half of unionized labor

Labor force

Unemployment rate: 4.0% (1991 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $27.0 billion; expenditures $33.9 billion, including capital expenditures of $6.7 billion (1991 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $16.4 billion (f.o.b., 1990)
Commodoties: cotton textiles, cork and paper products, canned fish, wine, timber and timber products, resin, machinery, appliances
Partners: EC 74%, other developed countries 13.2%, US 4.8%

Imports: $25.1 billion (c.i.f., 1990)
Commodoties: machinery and transport equipment, agricultural products, chemicals, petroleum, textiles
Partners: EC 69.1%, other developed countries 11.4% less developed countries 15.1%, US 3.9%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Portuguese escudos (Esc) per US$1 - 143.09 (March 1992), 144.48 (1991), 142.55 (1990), 157.46 (1989), 143.95 (1988), 140.88 (1987)


Portugal - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 6,729,000 kW capacity; 16,000 million kWh produced, 1,530 kWh per capita (1991)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Portugal - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Portugal - Military 1992
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp:
exchange rate conversion - $1.7 billion, 2.8% of
GDP (1991)


Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Portugal - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports:
65 total, 62 usable; 36 with permanent-surface runways; 1 with runways over 3,659 m; 12
with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 8
with runways 1,220-2,439 m


Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines: crude oil 11 km; petroleum products 58 km

Railways

Roadways

Waterways: 820 km navigable; relatively unimportant to national economy, used by shallow-draft craft limited to 300-metric-ton cargo capacity

Merchant marine:
53 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 738,774
GRT/1,300,787 DWT; includes 1 short-sea passenger, 20 cargo, 3 refrigerated cargo, 3 container, 1 roll-on/roll-off cargo, 13 petroleum tanker, 2 chemical tanker, 8 bulk, 2 vehicle carrier; note - Portugal has created a captive register on Madeira (MAR) for Portuguese-owned ships that will have the taxation and crewing benefits of a flag of convenience; although only one ship currently is known to fly the Portuguese flag on the MAR register, it is likely that a majority of Portuguese flag ships will transfer to this subregister in a few years

Civil air: 43 major transport aircraft

Ports and terminals


Portugal - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: increasingly import gateway country for Latin American cocaine entering the European market


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