Statistical information Puerto Rico 1992Puerto%20Rico

Map of Puerto Rico | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Puerto Rico in the World
Puerto Rico in the World


Puerto Rico - Introduction 1992
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Background: Discovered by Columbus in 1493 the island was ceded by Spain to the US in 1898 following the Spanish-American War. A popularly elected governor has served since 1948. In a plebiscite held in 1967 voters chose to retain commonwealth status.

Puerto Rico - Geography 1992
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Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Total: 9,104 km²
Land: 8,959 km²
Comparative: slightly less than three times the size of Rhode Island

Land boundaries: none

Coastline: 501 km

Maritime claims
Contiguous zone: 12 nm
Continental shelf: 200 m (depth)
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm
Disputes: none

Climate: tropical marine, mild, little seasonal temperature variation

Terrain: mostly mountains with coastal plain belt in north; mountains precipitous to sea on west coast


Natural resources: some copper and nickel; potential for onshore and offshore crude oil
Land use

Land use: arable land: 8%; permanent crops: 9%; meadows and pastures 41%; forest and woodland 20%; other 22%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


Puerto Rico - People 1992
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Population: 3,776,654 (July 1992), growth rate 1.0% (1992)

Nationality: noun - Puerto Rican(s; adjective - Puerto Rican

Ethnic groups: almost entirely Hispanic

Languages: Spanish (official; English is widely understood

Religions: Roman Catholic 85%, Protestant denominations and other 15%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 17 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 8 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: 0 migrants/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: many small rivers and high central mountains ensure land is well watered; south coast relatively dry; fertile coastal plain belt in north
Current issues note:
important location between the Dominican Republic and the Virgin
Islands group along the Mona Passage - a key shipping lane to the Panama
Canal; San Juan is one of the biggest and best natural harbors in the

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 14 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 70 years male, 78 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 2.1 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 89% (male 90%, female 88%) age 15 and over can read and write (1980)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Puerto Rico - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: Commonwealth of Puerto Rico

Government type: commonwealth associated with the US

Capital: San Juan

Administrative divisions: none (commonwealth associated with the US)

Dependent areas

Independence: none (commonwealth associated with the US)

National holiday: Constitution Day, 25 July (1952)

Constitution: ratified 3 March 1952; approved by US Congress 3 July 1952; effective 25 July 1952

Legal system: based on Spanish civil code

International law organization participation


Suffrage: universal at age 18; citizens of Puerto Rico are also US citizens, but do not vote in US presidential elections
Governor: last held 8 November 1988 (next to be held 3 November 1992); results - Rafael HERNANDEZ Colon (PPD) 48.7%, Baltasar CORRADA Del Rio (PNP) 45.8%, Ruben BERRIOS Martinez (PIP) 5.5%
Senate: last held 8 November 1988 (next to be held 3 November 1992); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (27 total) PPD 18, PNP 8, PIP 1
US House of Representatives: last held 8 November 1988 (next to be held 3 November 1992); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (1 total) seats by party NA; note - Puerto Rico elects one nonvoting representative to the US House of Representatives, Jaime B. FUSTER
House of Representatives:
last held 8 November 1988 (next to be held 3
November 1992); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (53 total)
PPD 36, PNP 15, PIP 2

Executive branch: US president, US vice president, governor

Legislative branch: bicameral Legislative Assembly consists of an upper house or Senate and a lower house or House of Representatives

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: CARICOM (observer), ECLAC, ICFTU, IOC, WCL, WFTU, WTO (associate)
Diplomatic representation: none (commonwealth associated with the US)

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Puerto%20Rico: five equal horizontal bands of red (top and bottom) alternating with white; a blue isosceles triangle based on the hoist side bears a large white five-pointed star in the center; design based on the US flag

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Puerto Rico - Economy 1992
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Economy overview:
Puerto Rico has one of the most dynamic economies in the
Caribbean region. Industry has surpassed agriculture as the primary sector of economic activity and income. Encouraged by duty free access to the US and by tax incentives, US firms have invested heavily in Puerto Rico since the 1950s. Important new industries include pharmaceuticals, electronics, textiles, petrochemicals, and processed foods. Sugar production has lost out to dairy production and other livestock products as the main source of income in the agricultural sector. Tourism has traditionally been an important source of income for the island. The economy has largely recovered from the disruptions caused by Hurricane Hugo in September 1989. The tourism infrastructure has been especially hard hit.

GNP: purchasing power equivalent - $21.6 billion, per capita $6,600; real growth rate 2.2% (FY90)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 3% of labor force; crops - sugarcane, coffee, pineapples, plantains, bananas; livestock - cattle, chickens; imports a large share of food needs

Industries: manufacturing of pharmaceuticals, electronics, apparel, food products, instruments; tourism

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate 3.8% (FY90)

Labor force: 1,068,000; government 28%, manufacturing 15%, trade 14%, agriculture 3%, other 40% (1990)
Organized labor:
115,000 members in 4 unions; the largest is the General
Confederation of Puerto Rican Workers with 35,000 members (1983)

Labor force

Unemployment rate: 15.5% (October 1991)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $5.8 billion; expenditures $5.8 billion, including capital expenditures of $258 million (FY89)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: 1 July - 30 June

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: NA
Commodoties: pharmaceuticals, electronics, apparel, canned tuna, rum, beverage concentrates, medical equipment, instruments
Partners: US 87% (FY90)

Imports: NA
Commodoties: chemicals, clothing, food, fish, petroleum products
Partners: US 68% (FY90)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: US currency is used

Puerto Rico - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 4,149,000 kW capacity; 14,844 million kWh produced, 4,510 kWh per capita (1990)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Puerto Rico - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Puerto Rico - Military 1992
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Puerto Rico - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

30 total; 24 usable; 19 with permanent-surface runways; none
with runways over 3,659 m; 3
with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 5
with runways 1,220-2,439 m

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Puerto Rico - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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