Statistical information Saint Helena 1992Saint%20Helena

Map of Saint Helena | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Saint Helena in the World
Saint Helena in the World

Corel


Saint Helena - Introduction 1992
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Background: Uninhabited when first discovered by the Portuguese in 1502 the island was garrisoned by the British during the 17th century. It became famous as the place of Napoleon BONAPARTE's exile from 1815 until his death in 1821.


Saint Helena - Geography 1992
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Location

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 410 km²
Land:
410 km²; includes Ascension, Gough Island, Inaccessible
Island, Nightingale Island, and Tristan da Cunha

Comparative: slightly more than 2.3 times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries: none

Coastline: 60 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm
Disputes: none

Climate: tropical; marine; mild, tempered by trade winds

Terrain: rugged, volcanic; small scattered plateaus and plains

Elevation

Natural resources: fish; Ascension is a breeding ground for sea turtles and sooty terns; no minerals
Land use

Land use: arable land: 7%; permanent crops: 0%; meadows and pastures 7%; forest and woodland 3%; other 83%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Saint Helena - People 1992
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Population: 6,698 (July 1992), growth rate 0.3% (1992)

Nationality: noun - Saint Helenian(s; adjective - Saint Helenian

Ethnic groups: NA

Languages: English

Religions:
Anglican majority; also Baptist, Seventh-Day Adventist, and
Roman Catholic


Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 10 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 7 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: 0 migrants/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: very few perennial streams
Current issues note: located 1,920 km west of Angola, about two-thirds of the way between South America and Africa; Napoleon Bonaparte's place of exile and burial; the remains were taken to Paris in 1840

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 40 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 72 years male, 76 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 1.2 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 98% (male 97%, female 98%) age 15 and over can read and write (1987)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Saint Helena - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: none

Government type: dependent territory of the UK

Capital: Jamestown

Administrative divisions:
1 administrative area and 2 dependencies*;
Ascension*, Saint Helena, Tristan da Cunha*


Dependent areas

Independence: none (dependent territory of the UK)

National holiday:
Celebration of the Birthday of the Queen (second
Saturday in June), 10 June 1989


Constitution: 1 January 1967

Legal system: NA

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: NA
Legislative Council: last held October 1984 (next to be held NA); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (15 total, 12 elected) number of seats by party NA

Executive branch: British monarch, governor, Executive Council (cabinet)

Legislative branch: unicameral Legislative Council

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ICFTU
Diplomatic representation: none (dependent territory of the UK)

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Saint%20Helena: blue with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Saint Helenian shield centered on the outer half of the flag; the shield features a rocky coastline and three-masted sailing ship

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Saint Helena - Economy 1992
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Economy overview:
The economy depends primarily on financial assistance from the
UK. The local population earns some income from fishing, the rearing of livestock, and sales of handicrafts. Because there are few jobs, a large proportion of the work force has left to seek employment overseas.

GDP: $NA, per capita $NA; real growth rate NA%

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: maize, potatoes, vegetables; timber production being developed; crawfishing on Tristan da Cunha

Industries: crafts (furniture, lacework, fancy woodwork), fish

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate NA%

Labor force: NA
Organized labor: Saint Helena General Workers' Union, 472 members; crafts 17%, professional and technical 10%, service 10%, management and clerical 9%, farming and fishing 9%, transport 6%, sales 5%, and other 34%
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $3.2 million; expenditures $2.9 million, including capital expenditures of NA (1984)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $23.9 thousand (f.o.b., 1984)
Commodoties: fish (frozen and salt-dried skipjack, tuna), handicrafts
Partners: South Africa, UK

Imports: $2.4 million (c.i.f., 1984)
Commodoties: food, beverages, tobacco, fuel oils, animal feed, building materials, motor vehicles and parts, machinery and parts
Partners: UK, South Africa

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Saint Helenian pounds (#S) per US$1 - 0.5799 (March 1992), 0.5652 (1991), 0.6099 (1989), 0.5614 (1988), 0.6102 (1987; note - the Saint Helenian pound is at par with the British pound


Saint Helena - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 9,800 kW capacity; 10 million kWh produced, 1,390 kWh per capita (1989)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Saint Helena - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Saint Helena - Military 1992
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Saint Helena - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 1 with permanent-surface runway 2,440-3,659 m on Ascension

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals


Saint Helena - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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