Statistical information Saint Lucia 1992Saint%20Lucia

Map of Saint Lucia | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Saint Lucia in the World
Saint Lucia in the World

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Saint Lucia - Introduction 1992
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Background: The island with its fine natural harbor at Castries was contested between England and France throughout the 17th and early 18th centuries (changing possession 14 times); it was finally ceded to the UK in 1814. Self government was granted in 1967 and independence in 1979.

Saint Lucia - Geography 1992
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Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Total: 620 km²
Land: 610 km²
Comparative: slightly less than 3.5 times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries: none

Coastline: 158 km

Maritime claims
Contiguous zone: 24 nm
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm
Disputes: none

tropical, moderated by northeast trade winds; dry season from
January to April, rainy season from May to August

Terrain: volcanic and mountainous with some broad, fertile valleys


Natural resources: forests, sandy beaches, minerals (pumice), mineral springs, geothermal potential
Land use

Land use: arable land: 8%; permanent crops: 20%; meadows and pastures 5%; forest and woodland 13%; other 54%; includes irrigated 2%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


Saint Lucia - People 1992
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Population: 151,774 (July 1992), growth rate 1.7% (1992)

Nationality: noun - Saint Lucian(s; adjective - Saint Lucian

Ethnic groups:
African descent 90.3%, mixed 5.5%, East Indian 3.2%,
Caucasian 0.8%

Languages: English (official), French patois

Religions: Roman Catholic 90%, Protestant 7%, Anglican 3%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 26 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 5 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: -4 migrants/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: subject to hurricanes and volcanic activity; deforestation; soil erosion
Current issues note: located 700 km southeast of Puerto Rico

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 18 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 70 years male, 75 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 2.8 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 67% (male 65%, female 69%) age 15 and over having ever attended school (1980)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Saint Lucia - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: none

Government type: parliamentary democracy

Capital: Castries

Administrative divisions:
11 quarters; Anse-la-Raye, Castries, Choiseul,
Dauphin, Dennery, Gros-Islet, Laborie, Micoud, Praslin, Soufriere,

Dependent areas

Independence: 22 February 1979 (from UK)

National holiday: Independence Day, 22 February (1979)

Constitution: 22 February 1979

Legal system: based on English common law

International law organization participation


Suffrage: universal at age 18
House of Assembly: last held 6 April 1987 (next to be held by 27 April 1992); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (17 total) UWP 10, SLP 7

Executive branch:
British monarch, governor general, prime minister,

Legislative branch:
bicameral Parliament consists of an upper house or
Senate and a lower house or House of Assembly

Judicial branch: Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:
ACCT (associate), ACP, C, CARICOM, CDB, ECLAC, FAO, G-77,

Diplomatic representation: Ambassador Dr. Joseph Edsel EDMUNDS; Chancery at Suite 309, 2,100 M Street NW, Washington, DC 30,037; telephone (202) 463-7,378 or 7,379; there is a Saint Lucian Consulate General in New York
US: no official presence since the Ambassador resides in Bridgetown (Barbados)

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Saint%20Lucia: blue with a gold isosceles triangle below a black arrowhead; the upper edges of the arrowhead have a white border

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Saint Lucia - Economy 1992
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Economy overview:
Since 1983 the economy has shown an impressive average annual growth rate of almost 5% because of strong agricultural and tourist sectors.
Saint Lucia also possesses an expanding industrial base supported by foreign investment in manufacturing and other activities, such as in data processing. The economy, however, remains vulnerable because the important agricultural sector is dominated by banana production. Saint Lucia is subject to periodic droughts and/or tropical storms, and its protected market agreement with the UK for bananas may end in 1992.

GDP: exchange rate conversion - $295 million, per capita $1,930; real growth rate 4.0% (1990 est.)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 16% of GDP and 43% of labor force; crops - bananas, coconuts, vegetables, citrus fruit, root crops, cocoa; imports food for the tourist industry

Industries: clothing, assembly of electronic components, beverages, corrugated boxes, tourism, lime processing, coconut processing

Industrial production growth rate:
growth rate 3.5% (1990 est.); accounts for 7% of

Labor force: 43,800; agriculture 43.4%, services 38.9%, industry and commerce 17.7% (1983 est.)
Organized labor: 20% of labor force
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 16.0% (1988)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $131 million; expenditures $149 million, including capital expenditures of $71 million (FY90 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $127 million (f.o.b., 1990 est.)
Commodoties: bananas 54%, clothing 17%, cocoa, vegetables, fruits, coconut oil
Partners: UK 51%, CARICOM 20%, US 19%, other 10%

Imports: $270 million (c.i.f., 1990)
Commodoties: manufactured goods 23%, machinery and transportation equipment 27%, food and live animals 18%, chemicals 10%, fuels 6%
Partners: US 35%, CARICOM 16%, UK 15%, Japan 7%, Canada 4%, other 23%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: East Caribbean dollars (EC$) per US$1 - 2.70 (fixed rate since 1976)

Saint Lucia - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 32,500 kW capacity; 112 million kWh produced, 732 kWh per capita (1991)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Saint Lucia - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Saint Lucia - Military 1992
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp: exchange rate conversion - $NA, NA% of GDP

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Saint Lucia - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

2 total, 2 usable; 2 with permanent-surface runways; none with runways over 3,659 m; 1
with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 1
with runways 1,220-2,439

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Saint Lucia - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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