Statistical information Saint-Pierre and Miquelon 1992Saint-Pierre%20and%20Miquelon

Map of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Saint-Pierre and Miquelon in the World
Saint-Pierre and Miquelon in the World

World Nomads

Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - Introduction 1992
top of page

Background: First settled by the French in the early 17th century the islands represent the sole remaining vestige of France's once vast North American possessions.

Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - Geography 1992
top of page


Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Total: 242 km²; Land area: 242 km²; includes eight small islands in the Saint Pierre and the Miquelon groups; Comparative area: slightly less than 1.5 times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries: none

Coastline: 120 km

Maritime claims: Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm; Territorial sea: 12 nm; Disputes: focus of maritime boundary dispute between Canada and France

Climate: cold and wet, with much mist and fog; spring and autumn are windy

Terrain: mostly barren rock


Natural resources: fish, deepwater ports
Land use

Land use: arable land: 13%; permanent crops: 0%; meadows and pastures 0%; forest and woodland 4%; other 83%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - People 1992
top of page

Population: 6,513 (July 1992), growth rate 0.4% (1992)

Nationality: noun - Frenchman(men), Frenchwoman(women); adjective -; French

Ethnic groups: originally Basques and Bretons (French fishermen)

Languages: French

Religions: Roman Catholic 98%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 9 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 6 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: 1 migrant/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: vegetation scanty; Note: located 25 km south of Newfoundland, Canada, in the North Atlantic; Ocean

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 10 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 75 years male, 78 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 1.2 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 99% (male 99%, female 99%) age 15 and over can read and write (1982)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - Government 1992
top of page

Country name

Government type: territorial collectivity of France

Capital: Saint-Pierre

Administrative divisions: none (territorial collectivity of France)

Dependent areas

Independence: none (territorial collectivity of France); note - has been under French control since 1763

National holiday: National Day, 14 July (Taking of the Bastille)

Constitution: 28 September 1958 (French Constitution)

Legal system: French law

International law organization participation


Suffrage: universal at age 18; General Council: last held September-October 1988 (next to be held NA; September 1994); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (19 total); Socialist and other left-wing parties 13, UDF and right-wing parties 6; French President: last held 8 May 1988 (next to be held NA May 1995); results - (second ballot) Jacques CHIRAC 56%, Francois MITTERRAND 44%; French Senate: last held 24 September 1989 (next to be held NA September 1992); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (1 total) PS 1; French National Assembly: last held 5 and 12 June 1988 (next to be held; NA June 1993); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (1 total); UDF/CDS 1; note - Saint Pierre and Miquelon elects 1 member each to the; French Senate and the French National Assembly who are voting members

Executive branch: French president, commissioner of the Republic

Legislative branch: unicameral General Council

Judicial branch: Superior Tribunal of Appeals (Tribunal Superieur d'Appel)

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: FZ, WFTU; Diplomatic representation: as a territorial collectivity of France, local interests are represented in the US by France

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Saint-Pierre%20and%20Miquelon: the flag of France is used

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - Economy 1992
top of page

Economy overview: The inhabitants have traditionally earned their livelihood by fishing and by servicing fishing fleets operating off the coast of; Newfoundland. The economy has been declining, however, because the number of ships stopping at Saint Pierre has dropped steadily over the years. In March 1989, an agreement between France and Canada set fish quotas for Saint; Pierre's trawlers fishing in Canadian and Canadian-claimed waters for three years. The agreement settles a longstanding dispute that had virtually brought fish exports to a halt. The islands are heavily subsidized by; France. Imports come primarily from Canada and France.; GDP: exchange rate conversion - $60 million, per capita $9,500; real growth rate NA% (1991 est.)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: vegetables, cattle, sheep and pigs for local consumption; fish catch, 20,500 metric tons (1989)

Industries: fish processing and supply base for fishing fleets; tourism

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate NA%

Labor force: 2,850 (1988); Organized labor: Workers' Force trade union; Long-form name: Territorial Collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 9.6% (1990)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $18.3 million; expenditures $18.3 million, including capital expenditures of $5.5 million (1989)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $25.5 million (f.o.b., 1990)
Commodoties: fish and fish products, fox and mink pelts
Partners: US 58%, France 17%, UK 11%, Canada, Portugal

Imports: $87.2 million (c.i.f., 1990)
Commodoties: meat, clothing, fuel, electrical equipment, machinery, building materials
Partners: Canada, France, US, Netherlands, UK

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: French francs (F) per US$1 - 5.6397 (March 1992), 5.6421 (1991), 5.4453 (1990), 6.3801 (1989), 5.9569 (1988), 6.0107 (1987)

Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - Energy 1992
top of page

Electricity access

Electricity production: 10,000 kW capacity; 25 million kWh produced, 3,970 kWh per capita (1989)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - Communication 1992
top of page

Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - Military 1992
top of page

Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - Transportation 1992
top of page

National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 2 total, 2 usable; 2 with permanent-surface runways, none with runways over 2,439 m; 1 with runway 1,220-2,439 m

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - Transnational issues 1992
top of page

Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

World Nomads

You found a piece of the puzzle

Please click here to complete it