Statistical information Sierra Leone 1992Sierra%20Leone

Map of Sierra Leone | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Sierra Leone in the World
Sierra Leone in the World

Undercover Tourist

Background


Sierra Leone - Geography 1992
top of page


Location

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 71,740 km²
Land: 71,620 km²
Comparative: slightly smaller than South Carolina

Land boundaries: 958 km total; Guinea 652 km, Liberia 306 km

Coastline: 402 km

Maritime claims
Territorial sea: 200 nm
Disputes: none

Climate: tropical; hot, humid; summer rainy season (May to December; winter dry season (December to April)

Terrain: coastal belt of mangrove swamps, wooded hill country, upland plateau, mountains in east

Elevation

Natural resources: diamonds, titanium ore, bauxite, iron ore, gold, chromite
Land use

Land use: arable land: 25%; permanent crops: 2%; meadows and pastures 31%; forest and woodland 29%; other 13%; includes irrigated NEGL%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Sierra Leone - People 1992
top of page


Population: 4,456,737 (July 1992), growth rate -0.2% (1992)

Nationality: noun - Sierra Leonean(s; adjective - Sierra Leonean

Ethnic groups:
native African 99% (Temne 30%, Mende 30%); Creole,
European, Lebanese, and Asian 1%; 13 tribes


Languages: English (official; regular use limited to literate minority; principal vernaculars are Mende in south and Temne in north; Krio is the language of the resettled ex-slave population of the Freetown area and is lingua franca

Religions: Muslim 30%, indigenous beliefs 30%, Christian 10%, other or none 30%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 46 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 20 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: -28 migrants/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: extensive mangrove swamps hinder access to sea; deforestation; soil degradation

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 148 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 43 years male, 48 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 6.1 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy:
21% (male 31%, female 11%) age 15 and over can read and write
English, Mende, Temne, or Arabic (1990 est.)


School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Sierra Leone - Government 1992
top of page


Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Sierra Leone

Government type: military government

Capital: Freetown

Administrative divisions:
Western Area and 3 provinces; Eastern,
Northern, Southern


Dependent areas

Independence: 27 April 1961 (from UK)

National holiday: Republic Day, 27 April (1961)

Constitution: 1 October 1991; amended September 1991

Legal system: based on English law and customary laws indigenous to local tribes; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: universal at age 18

Executive branch: National Provisional Ruling Council

Legislative branch: unicameral House of Representatives (suspended after coup of 29 April 1992)

Judicial branch: Supreme Court (suspended after coup of 29 April 1992)

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:
ACP, AfDB, C, CCC, ECA, ECOWAS, FAO, G-77, GATT, IAEA, IBRD,
ICAO, ICFTU, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTERPOL, IOC, ITU, LORCS,
NAM, OAU, OIC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Diplomatic representation:
Ambassador (vacant); Chancery at 1701 19th
Street NW, Washington, DC 20,009; telephone (202) 939-9,261

US:
Ambassador Johnny YOUNG; Embassy at the corner of Walpole and Siaka
Stevens Street, Freetown; telephone 232 (22) 226-481; FAX 232 (22) 225,471


Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Sierra%20Leone: three equal horizontal bands of light green (top), white, and light blue

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Sierra Leone - Economy 1992
top of page


Economy overview:
The economic and social infrastructure is not well developed.
Subsistence agriculture dominates the economy, generating about one-third of
GDP and employing about two-thirds of the working population. Manufacturing, which accounts for roughly 10% of GDP, consists mainly of the processing of raw materials and of light manufacturing for the domestic market. Diamond mining provides an important source of hard currency. The economy suffers from high unemployment, rising inflation, large trade deficits, and a growing dependency on foreign assistance. The government in 1990 was attempting to get the budget deficit under control and, in general, to bring economic policy in line with the recommendations of the IMF and the World
Bank. Since March 1991, however, military incursions by Liberian rebels in southern and eastern Sierra Leone have severely strained the economy and have undermined efforts to institute economic reforms.

GDP: exchange rate conversion - $1.4 billion, per capita $330; real growth rate 3% (FY91 est.)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for over 30% of GDP and two-thirds of the labor force; largely subsistence farming; cash crops - coffee, cocoa, palm kernels; harvests of food staple rice meets 80% of domestic needs; annual fish catch averages 53,000 metric tons

Industries: mining (diamonds, bauxite, rutile), small-scale manufacturing (beverages, textiles, cigarettes, footwear), petroleum refinery

Industrial production growth rate: NA

Labor force: 1,369,000 (est.); agriculture 65%, industry 19%, services 16% (1981); only about 65,000 earn wages (1985); 55% of population of working age
Organized labor: 35% of wage earners
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $134 million; expenditures $187 million, including capital expenditures of $32 million (FY91 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: 1 July - 30 June

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $138 million (f.o.b., 1990)
Commodoties: rutile 50%, bauxite 17%, cocoa 11%, diamonds 3%, coffee 3%
Partners: US, UK, Belgium, FRG, other Western Europe

Imports: $146 million (c.i.f., 1990)
Commodoties: capital goods 40%, food 32%, petroleum 12%, consumer goods 7%, light industrial goods
Partners: US, EC, Japan, China, Nigeria

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: leones (Le) per US$1 - 476.74 (March 1992), 295.34 (1991), 144.9275 (1990), 58.1395 (1989), 31.2500 (1988), 30.7692 (1987)


Sierra Leone - Energy 1992
top of page


Electricity access

Electricity production: 85,000 kW capacity; 185 million kWh produced, 45 kWh per capita (1991)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Sierra Leone - Communication 1992
top of page


Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Sierra Leone - Military 1992
top of page


Military expenditures
Percent of gdp: exchange rate conversion - $6 million, 0.7% of GDP (1988 est.)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Sierra Leone - Transportation 1992
top of page


National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports:
12 total, 7 usable; 4 with permanent-surface runways; none
with runways over 3,659 m; 1
with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 3
with runways 1,220-2,439 m


Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways: 800 km; 600 km navigable year round

Merchant marine: 1 cargo ship totaling 5,592 GRT/9,107 DWT
Civil air: no major transport aircraft

Ports and terminals


Sierra Leone - Transnational issues 1992
top of page


Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


NordVPN


You found a piece of the puzzle

Please click here to complete it