Statistical information Singapore 1992Singapore

Map of Singapore | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Singapore in the World
Singapore in the World

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Singapore - Introduction 1992
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Background: Founded as a British trading colony in 1819 Singapore joined Malaysia in 1963 but withdrew two years later and became independent. It subsequently became one of the world's most prosperous countries with strong international trading links (its port is one of the world's busiest) and with per capita GDP above that of the leading nations of Western Europe.


Singapore - Geography 1992
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Location

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 632.6 km²
Land: 622.6 km²
Comparative: slightly less than 3.5 times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries: none

Coastline: 193 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive fishing zone: 12 nm
Territorial sea: 3 nm
Disputes: two islands in dispute with Malaysia

Climate: tropical; hot, humid, rainy; no pronounced rainy or dry seasons; thunderstorms occur on 40% of all days (67% of days in April)

Terrain: lowland; gently undulating central plateau contains water catchment area and nature preserve

Elevation

Natural resources: fish, deepwater ports
Land use

Land use: arable land: 4%; permanent crops: 7%; meadows and pastures 0%; forest and woodland 5%; other 84%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Singapore - People 1992
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Population: 2,792,092 (July 1992), growth rate 1.3% (1992)

Nationality: noun - Singaporean(s; adjective - Singapore

Ethnic groups: Chinese 76.4%, Malay 14.9%, Indian 6.4%, other 2.3%

Languages: Chinese, Malay, Tamil, and English (all official; Malay (national)

Religions:
majority of Chinese are Buddhists or atheists; Malays are nearly all Muslim (minorities include Christians, Hindus, Sikhs, Taoists,
Confucianists)


Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 18 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 5 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: 0 migrants/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: mostly urban and industrialized
Current issues note: focal point for Southeast Asian sea routes

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 6 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 73 years male, 78 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 1.9 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 88% (male 93%, female 84%) age 15 and over can read and write (1990 est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Singapore - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Singapore

Government type: republic within Commonwealth

Capital: Singapore

Administrative divisions: none

Dependent areas

Independence: 9 August 1965 (from Malaysia)

National holiday: National Day, 9 August (1965)

Constitution: 3 June 1959, amended 1965; based on preindependence State of Singapore Constitution

Legal system:
based on English common law; has not accepted compulsory
ICJ jurisdiction


International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: universal and compulsory at age 20
President: last held 31 August 1989 (next to be held NA August 1993); results - President WEE Kim Wee was reelected by Parliament without opposition
Parliament: last held 31 August 1991 (next to be held 31 August 1996); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (81 total) PAP 77, SDP 3, WP 1
Communists:
200-500; Barisan Sosialis infiltrated by Communists; note -
Communist party illegal


Executive branch:
president, prime minister, two deputy prime ministers,
Cabinet


Legislative branch: unicameral Parliament

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:
APEC, AsDB, ASEAN, C, CCC, CP, ESCAP, G-77, GATT, IAEA, IBRD,
ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO, INMARSAT, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC,
ISO, ITU, LORCS, NAM, UN, UNCTAD, UPU, WHO, WMO

Diplomatic representation:
Ambassador S. R. NATHAN; Chancery at 1824 R
Street NW, Washington, DC 20,009; telephone (202) 667-7,555

US: Ambassador Robert D. ORR; Embassy at 30 Hill Street, Singapore 0617 (mailing address is FPO AP 96,534); telephone 65 338-0251; FAX 65 338-4,550

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Singapore: two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and white; near the hoist side of the red band, there is a vertical, white crescent (closed portion is toward the hoist side) partially enclosing five white five-pointed stars arranged in a circle

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Singapore - Economy 1992
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Economy overview: Singapore has an open entrepreneurial economy with strong service and manufacturing sectors and excellent international trading links derived from its entrepot history. During the 1970s and early 1980s, the economy expanded rapidly, achieving an average annual growth rate of 9%. Per capita GDP is among the highest in Asia. The economy grew at a respectable 6.5% in 1991, down from 8.3% in 1990, in part because of a slowdown in overseas demand and lower growth in the financial and business services sector.
GDP: exchange rate conversion - $38.3 billion, per capita $13,900; real growth rate 6.5% (1991 est.)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: occupies a position of minor importance in the economy; self-sufficient in poultry and eggs; must import much of other food; major crops - rubber, copra, fruit, vegetables

Industries: petroleum refining, electronics, oil drilling equipment, rubber processing and rubber products, processed food and beverages, ship repair, entrepot trade, financial services, biotechnology

Industrial production growth rate:
growth rate 9% (1991 est.); accounts for 29% of
GDP (1990)


Labor force: 1,485,800; financial, business, and other services 30.2%, manufacturing 28.4%, commerce 22.0%, construction 9.0%, other 10.4% (1990)
Organized labor: 210,000; 16.1% of labor force (1989)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 1.5% (1991 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $9.8 billion; expenditures $9.0 billion, including capital expenditures of $2.8 billion (FY91 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $57.8 billion (f.o.b., 1991 est.)
Commodoties: includes transshipments to Malaysia - petroleum products, rubber, electronics, manufactured goods
Partners: US 20%, Malaysia 15%, Japan 9%, Hong Kong 7%, Thailand 6%

Imports: $65.8 billion (c.i.f., 1991 est.)
Commodoties: includes transshipments from Malaysia - capital equipment, petroleum, chemicals, manufactured goods, foodstuffs
Partners: Japan 21%, US 16%, Malaysia 15%, Taiwan 4%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Singapore dollars (S$) per US$1 - 1.6596 (March 1992), 1.7276 (1991), 1.8125 (1990), 1.9503 (1989), 2.0124 (1988), 2.1060 (1987)


Singapore - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 4,000,000 kW capacity; 14,400 million kWh produced, 5,300 kWh per capita (1990)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Singapore - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Singapore - Military 1992
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp: exchange rate conversion - $1.7 billion, 4% of GDP (1990 est.)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Singapore - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports:
10 total, 10 usable; 10 with permanent-surface runways; 2 with runways over 3,659 m; 4
with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 3
with runways 1,220-2,439 m


Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine:
468 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 8,751,619
GRT/14,195,718 DWT; includes 1 passenger-cargo, 126 cargo, 74 container, 7 roll-on/roll-off cargo, 5 refrigerated cargo, 18 vehicle carrier, 1 livestock carrier, 144 petroleum tanker, 5 chemical tanker, 4 combination ore/oil, 1 specialized tanker, 5 liquefied gas, 74 bulk, 2 combination bulk, 1 short-sea passenger; note - many Singapore flag ships are foreign owned

Civil air: 38 major transport aircraft (est.)

Ports and terminals


Singapore - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


Airhelp


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